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How was the league organised to begin with? Why did people believe it would succeed? and What powers did it have?

What was the purpose of the League of Nations?

1. To prevent another world war.

How did the League of Nations propose to avoid a new world war?

1. It had a covenant, 26 rules.
2. It was believed that if countries followed these rules members could work together to:
a) Keep peace.
b) Co-operate on trade
c) Improve working and living conditions.
d) Co-operate on defence if a member was threatened.

Who joined the League of Nations to begin with?

1. Britain and France were the major powers.
2. 40 other countries joined too

Who was left out of the League of Nations?

1. Germany, as a defeated power.
2. The USSR because it was communist.
3. This left the impression it was a club for the victors of World War One.

What was America's attitude to joining the League of Nations?

1. It was President Wilson's idea.
2. Many Americans were against the League:
a) They wanted to be isolated and not get involved in petty squabbles in Europe.
b) It would cost a lot of money
c) Many German immigrants in the USA opposed the League and campaigned against it.

How did Wilson try to get the Americans to change their minds about the League of Nations?

1. He toured the country speaking in favour of the League.

Was Wilson successful in getting Americans to support the League?

1. No
2. In 1920 Congress voted to reject the Treaty of Versailles and stay outside the League.
In November 1920, Harding became President, he said America had to be isolated from Europe.

Despite America not joining, what strengths did the League of Nations have at the beginning?

1. Most ordinary people wanted it to work.
2. There was a genuine feeling about wanting to prevent another war.
3. Most leading countries joined it: Britain, France, Italy and Japan.
4. Germany also joined in the mid 1920s

What was happening in society at large that made people believe the League of Nations would be successful?

1. Technology was developing: air travel and the telephone.
2. This meant that it would be easier to keep in contact and act together if they were threatened.

What powers did the League of Nations have to settle disputes between countries?

1. A hearing in a neutral and impartial country.
2. A ruling from the International Court of Justice.
3. An inquiry by the Council of the League of Nations.

What could the League of Nations do if a dispute couldn't be settled by negotiation?

1. Moral persuasion: Line up world opinion against the country in the wrong.
2. Economic Sanctions: members of the League could refuse to trade with an offending nation.
3. Military Force: Member countries armed forces could join together against an offending country.

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