AVM 301-Chapter 2
Terms in this set (30)
Chapter 2 lists four areas of law relevant to ethical issues in technical communication. One is copyright law. What are two others? (Select both answers.)
trademark law & contract law
Chapter 2 lists four ways you can help protect your client's or your employer's trademark. One is to use the trademark symbol. Which one of the following methods is also listed in the chapter?
Distinguish trademarks from other material, perhaps by setting the trademark in a different typeface or by using boldface type for emphasis.
You are writing the second edition of a user manual to be included with software sold to the general public. You want to reuse a portion of the introductory materials from the first edition but cannot determine who wrote that section or what the contractual conditions were. You know that your company has customarily required that freelance writers sign work-made-for-hire agreements. What should you do?
When warning users about the dangers of products, writers should avoid using mandatory language such as must and shall.
You work for a pharmaceuticals company. During your lunch breaks, you have become acquainted with one of the graphic artists at your company. He has just finished designing a logo for a new product, and the logo is now on your company's website. He mentions that he created the new design by downloading a logo that he found on an automaker's website and changing it a little. Which of the following statements is true?
Susan was assigned to analyze the process her company uses to write proposals. She worked on her report for more than a month. Stacy in the marketing department and John in the finance department gave Susan a lot of information and had several meetings with her. Susan placed an acknowledgments section in her report, where she thanked Stacy and John. What standard best explains Susan's decision to provide acknowledgments?
A writer preparing an electrician's manual is considering inserting company-designed danger symbols to denote the potential for electrocution. In deciding whether to do so, what should the writer's primary concern be?
Which of the following is NOT a guideline for using social media ethically and legally, according to Chapter 2?
C) Work efficiently by repurposing pieces of content you wrote for other workplace documents.
Systems Software, Inc. is introducing a new piece of sophisticated graphics software. A recently hired writer has been assigned to write the Getting Started manual for the product. Being a novice, the writer first pages through similar manuals written by other graphics software companies to get ideas about how to write the manual. Which of the following statements is true?
In one state, West County and East County share a border. The state capital is in East County. Many residents of West County (almost half of all adults in the county) commute to East County for work. East County has high levels of air pollution, and residents there must get their car exhaust systems tested every two years. Although West County has less air pollution than East, the pollution levels in West are rising. The state Department of Environmental Regulation orders that residents of West County must now get their car exhaust systems tested every two years as well. What moral standard best explains this decision by the Department of Environmental Regulation?
Fair-use guidelines apply to graphics just as they do to words.
Fair use is best described as a set of general guidelines on ways to use small parts of someone else's copyrighted material for purposes such as commentary, criticism, and research.
Which of the following preferences does Creative Commons NOT give copyright owners a means to control?
C) whether the copyright will expire after a fixed amount of time
Only professionals with management responsibilities have ethical responsibilities to the environment.
Steven is selling a used car that is 10 years old. He found a way to set the odometer back 50,000 miles, making his car appear more valuable than it actually is. A potential buyer looks at the car and is amazed at the low mileage. He asks Steven if anyone has tampered with the odometer. Steven replies, "Hey, that would be illegal. No one wants to get caught doing something illegal." What type of misleading statement did Steven make in his reply?
C) a false implication
Your company, Acme Co., is sponsoring a three-hour field day for children at a local park, featuring games, sports, and snacks. Parents must sign up their children online. Your company wants to take pictures of children at the event, but it needs parents' permission. Which option below best describes an ethical way to get parents' permission?
C) Place a checkbox on the online form that reads "I agree to allow Acme Co. to take pictures of my child or children to record and promote field-day activities." Design the form so that this checkbox is not checked when the parent gets to that page.
When your state's revenues for the year are 40 percent below estimates, the state legislature cuts education funds by 40 percent but reduces farmers' subsidies by only 20 percent. Which moral standard does this action violate?
Plagiarism is a legal issue and not an ethical issue.
When exporting goods, U.S. companies can face ethical challenges that they do not face when selling goods in the United States.
Contract law affects technical communication because technical documents sometimes contain warranty statements.
According to the principle of the moral minimum, it is permissible for companies to passively reinforce patterns of discrimination in product information if the audience to which the product is being sold practices that discrimination.
What does liability law have to do with technical communication?
B) Liability law says that a manufacturer or seller of a product is liable for injuries or damages caused by the use of that product.
Under the concept of work made for hire, anything written on the job by an employee being paid by the organization is the property of the organization—provided that the employee agrees after the document is written to surrender his or her copyright.
Chapter 2 lists four factors governing the fair-use exemption, which allows you to use copyrighted material without permission under certain conditions. One factor is the nature and purpose of the copyrighted work. What is another factor?
A) the effect of the use on the potential market for the copyrighted work
Which of these resources is likely to be available to employees of a company with a strong ethical culture?
All of the above
The standard of utility is concerned with which of the following?
C) the positive and negative effects that an action or a policy has, will have, or might have on others
To be effective, a code of conduct must stipulate penalties.
What does the symbol ® indicate about a word, phrase, or symbol?
B) It has been registered for trademark protection with the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
According to Chapter 2, ethicists such as Manuel Velasquez (2011) argue that whistle-blowing is justified if three conditions are satisfied. One condition is that there is strong evidence that the organization is doing something that is hurting or will hurt other parties. What are the other two conditions? (Select both answers.)
A) The employee has made a serious but unsuccessful attempt to resolve the problem through internal channels.
B) Whistle-blowing is reasonably certain to prevent or stop the wrongdoing.
According to Chapter 2, saying that a recently fired employee was "offered an alternative career opportunity" would be an example of which of the following?
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Technical Writing Final Review Chapter 1-2
AVM 375 Vocab