26 terms

AVC 9 6-3 and Colosseum Questions

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paterfamilias
the head of the family or household in Roman law -always male- and the only member to have full legal rights. This person had absolute power over his family, which extended to life and death.
Cicero
a Roman statesman and orator remembered for his mastery of Latin prose (106-43 BC)
Latium
an ancient region of west central Italy (southeast of Rome) on the Tyrrhenian Sea
insulae
apartment buildings, sometimes as high as six stories, that the poor lived in. Often poorly constructed, and subject to collapse.
Virgil
greatest poet of the Golden Age, called the "Homer of Rome" because the Iliad and the Odyssey served as models for his epic, the Aeneid; focus on Patriotism; it took 10 years to write
Roman slavery before conquest of the Mediterranean
slave treated more like members of the family
Roman slavery after conquest of Mediterranean (Pompey and Octavian)
slaves treated more like property that was owned, not like people.
Spartacus
Slave/Gladiator who led a slave revolt in 73 B.C. His armies defeated several Roman armies before his capture and execution in 71 B.C.
Crucifixion (to be crucified)
Traditional form of execution employed by the Romans against slaves. Entailed nailing the accused to a cross of wood)
14 A.D.
The year that Caesar Augustus died. A pivotal time in Roman history.
Roman Empire by 14 A.D.
Spain to the Judea, Pretty much all of Europe+North Africa (from Egypt to Carthage)
Tiberius
Roman emperor after the death of Augustus (14-37 A.D.). He struggled against the legacy of Augustus.
mutiny
to rebel openly against a commander.
Germanicus
Sent by Tiberius to Austria/Hungary to put down a mutiny of Roman Legion troops, succeeded. Father of Caligula. Later died, apparently of poisoning.
"Like holding a wolf by the ears"
Quote attributed to Tiberius to describe the difficulty and danger of ruling the Roman empire. Lose your grip and you can lose your life.
Roman Baths
Place where all levels of Roman society could interact.
Praetorian Guard
the elite bodyguard of a Roman Emperor: His private army
Caligula
Roman Emperor who succeeded Tiberius and whose uncontrolled passions resulted in manifest insanity. (37-41 A.D.)
"Good Roman Emperor"
Measurement of the accomplishment of Roman Emperors...simply meant that the empire continued, and that the emperor had appointed a successor who took over the position.
Vespasian
Emperor of Rome and founder of the Flavian dynasty who consolidated Roman rule in Germany and Britain and reformed the army and brought prosperity to the empire. , the Roman General who crushed the revolt in Jerusalem in 70 A.D. and destroyed Solomon's Temple, and he began the project that resulted in the Roman Colosseum.
Titus
Son of Vespasian who completed the Colosseum construction after his father's death.
Bread and Circuses
Public entertainment that roman elites used to keep the plebeians happy and distracted from problems in the empire
3.5 million cubic feet
amount of stone needed to construct the Flavian Amphitheater (Colosseum)
Flavian Amphitheater
aka Roman Colosseum
Roman Arena
Place for public entertainment and games in Rome. The most important instrument an emperor possessed to control his people.
Linista
Title given to the trainer and manager of gladiators during the Roman Empire.