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Psychology Human Development Study Guide
Terms in this set (11)
A close look at the prenatal experience helps us understand how nature and nurture both contribute to our physical, cognitive, and social development.
Childhood: Physical Development
The transition from infancy to early childhood is accompanied with advances in physical and motor development that allow us to become explorers of our world. Keep in mind that these motor milestones, like rolling over or walking, include developmental windows that are subject to physical and environmental influences that may result in proficiency being realized earlier or later.
childhood cognitive development
As we physically mature and have greater control over our environment, the stimulation we receive increases and cognitive development accelerates remarkably during the first three years. Physical and environmental forces interplay as our neural network is being installed and they affect the cognitive outcomes we experience.
Childhood Social Development
Nature and nurture combine to influence our social development. Temperament, attachment, and parenting styles shape our personalities as we interact with others.
Adolescence: Physical Development
The defining physical difference between childhood and adolescence is going through puberty. The primary and secondary physical changes from puberty separate us from childhood physical limits and foreshadow the selves we will become in adulthood.
Adolescence: Cognitive Development
Brain development continues through adolescence into adulthood. The ability of teens to process variables and reach conclusions improves as they face the new challenges associated with greater responsibility over their lives.
Adolescence: Social Development
Identity development and social development are linked during adolescence. With an increased ability to think about the world, teens work through the challenges of finding themselves as they interact with others.
Adulthood Physical Development
The years of adulthood see us reaching the zenith of our potential followed by a gradual decline in physical abilities. As we enter the latter years, we compensate for decline by applying the benefits of our experience.
Adulthood: Cognitive Development
As we progress through the years of adulthood, we experience changes in our cognitive abilities. "Use it or lose it" applies to cognition in the same way it applies to our physical abilities.
Adulthood: Social Development
Many individuals entering adulthood choose a partner to share their life. Current trends indicate that over 90% of adults enter a marriage.
Death and Dying
While many adults are living well into their 80s today, the reality of life is that it ends. How we embrace or reject that fact of life is reflected in the end-of-life choices we make.
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