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47 terms

Chapters 21 - 24 The Plant Kingdom Vocabulary List

Here is a huge list of vocabulary for the Plant Kingdom.
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Leaf
A broad, flat structure of a plant that traps light energy for photosynthesis.
Cuticle
A waxy waterproof coating.
Nonvascular Plant
Do not have vascular tissues.
Root
Plant organ that absorbs water and nutrients from the soil.
Seed
Contains an embryo, along with a food supply, covered by a protective coat.
Stem
Provides structural support for upright growth and contains tissues for transporting foods.
Vascular Plant
Have vascular tissues.
Vascular Tissue
Made up of tubelike, elongated cells through which water, food, and other materials are transported
Cone
Scaly structures that support male or female reproductive structures
Frond
Seedless vascular plants.
Rhizome
Thick underground stem
Annuals
Trees that live for a year or less.
Biennials
Have a life span that lasts two years
Cotyledon
Tiny seed leaves that store or absorb food for the developing embryo.
Deciduous Plants
Lose all their leaves at the same time.
Dicotyledon
Have two seed .leaves.
Embryo
The earliest stage of an organism's development
Fruit
The ripened ovary of a flower
Monocotyledons
Have one seed leaf
Ovule
The female gametophyte is contained within a sporophyte
Perennials
Live for several years producing flowers
Pollen Grain
Includes sperm cells, nutrients, and a protective outer covering.
Apical Meristem
Found at or near the tips of roots or stems
Collenchyma
Long cells with unevenly thickended cell walls
Cork Cambium
Producers a tough covering for the stem and roots
Epidermis
Composed of flattened parenchyma cells that cover all parts of the plant.
Meristem
Regions of actively dividing cells.
Phloem
Made up of a series of tubular cells
Parenchyma
Most abudant kind of plant cells
Sclerenchyma
Have very thick and rigid walls.
Stomata
Openings in the cuticle of the leaf
Vascular Cambium
Produces new xylem and phloem cells in the stems and roots
Vessel Element
Tubular cells that transport water throughout the plant
Xylem
Plant tissue composed tubular cells
Endodermis
Single layer of cells that forms a waterproof seal
Mesophyll
The photosynthetic tissue of a leaf
Petiole
The stalk of some leaves
Root Cap
Covers the tip of each root withs its tough, protective layer of parenchyma cells
Anther
At the tip of the stamen
Ovary
The bottom portion of the pistil enlarges
Petals
Leaflike structures arranged in a circle around the top of a flower stem
Pistil
The female structure of a flower
Sepals
Leaflike and encircle the flower stem beneath the petals
Stamens
Male reproductive structure
Dormancy
The period of inactivity in a mature seed
Endosperm
The food storage tissue that supports development of the embryo
Germination
The beginning of development of embryo into a new plant.