How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

84 terms

ROOTS AND PREFIXES STUDY SHEET #7

STUDY
PLAY
a, an
without
abyss
a bottomless gulf or pit
amnesia
partial or total loss of memory
anecdote
pronounced an-ik-dote
short account of event
anemia
lack of a normal number of red blood cells
anesthetic
a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations
anomaly
irregularity
ab
from, away from, down
abdicate
to give up power
abject
showing humiliation or submissiveness
abomination
an action that is vicious or vile
abrogate
revoke formally
abscess
collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
abstain
to choose not to do something
abstruse
difficult to penetrate
ad
near, to, toward
adhere
stick to firmly
adjacent
near or close to but not necessarily touching
adjourn
break from a meeting or gathering
admonish
warn strongly
adrenalin
hormone released into the bloodstream in response to stress, like fear; also called epinephrine
adverb
the word class that qualifies verbs or clauses
advocate
a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea
inadvertent
without intention (especially resulting from heedless action)
ante
before, earlier
antebellum
belonging to a period before a war especially the American Civil War
antecedent
a preceding occurrence or cause or event
antechamber
a large entrance or reception room or area
antedate
be earlier in time
antediluvian
pronounced an-ti-də-ˈlü-vē-ən
a very old (or old fashioned) person
anterior
of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body, eariler in time
ante-meridiem
before the middle of the day
anteroom
a large entrance or reception room or area
anthrop
human
anthropoid
manlike
anthropology
the study of humans
anthropomorphic
suggesting human characteristics for animals or inanimate things
anthropophagi
cannibals
misanthropist
someone who dislikes people in general
philanthropy
the attempt to improve the well-being of those in need by donating money or aid
arch
ultimate, highest rank or
ruler
anarchy
a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government)
archangel
an angel ranked above the highest rank in the celestial hierarchy
archenemy
the worst or main enemy (usually in a story)
archetype
an original model on which something is patterned
hierarchy
the organization of people at different ranks in an administrative body
matriarch
a female head of a family or tribe
monarch
A ruler of a kingdom or empire
oligarchy
a political system governed by a few people
bio
life
amphibious
operating or living on land and in water
biochemistry
the organic chemistry of compounds and processes occuring in organisms
biodegradable
capable of being decomposed by e.g. bacteria
biography
an account of the series of events making up a person's life
bionics
the study of how humans and animals perform certain tasks and solve certain problems, and of the application of the findings to the design of electronic devices and mechanical parts
biosphere
the regions of the surface and atmosphere of the Earth (or other planet) where living organisms exist
biotic
of or relating to living organisms
symbiosis
the relation between two different species of organisms that are interdependent
chron
time
anachronism
something located at a time when it could not have existed or occurred
chronic
being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
chronicle
a record or narrative description of past events
chronograph
an accurate timer for recording time
chronology
arrangement of events in time
chronometer
an accurate clock (especially used in navigation)
synchronize
make synchronous and adjust in time or manner
dia
through, across, between
diacritical
capable of distinguishing
diagnosis
identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
diagonal
(geometry) a straight line connecting any two vertices of a polygon that are not adjacent
dialect
the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people
diameter
the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
diaphragm
Large, flat muscle at the bottom of the chest cavity that helps with breathing
diatribe
thunderous verbal attack
em- , en-
in, into
embed
fix or set securely or deeply
embody
represent, as of a character on stage
embroil
force into some kind of situation, condition, or course of action
enamor
attract
encode
translate ideas &images into verbal/non verbal symbols
engrave
carve, cut, or etch into a material or surface
enlist
as of aid, help, services, or support or join the military
envision
imagine