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17 terms

c&e chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
popular sovereignty
the notion that power lies with the people
preamble
the opening section of the constitution which explains the purposes of the new government
limited government
basic principle of American government which states that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away
majority rule
a system in which the ideas and decisions supported by the most people are followed
delegated powers/enumerated powers
Powers specifically given to the federal government by the US Constitution,
reserved power
a power set aside by the Constitution for the state or for the people
concurrent powers
powers shared by the state and federal governments
separation of powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
legislative branch
the branch of government that makes the laws.
executive branch
the branch of government that carries out laws
judicial branch
The branch of government that interprets laws
checks and balances
A system that allows each branch of government to limit the powers of the other branches in order to prevent abuse of power
veto
to reject a bill by refusing to sign it
judicial review
the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and actions of local, state, or national governments unconstitutional
amendment
a change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
repeal
to cancel a law
cabinet
group of officials who head government departments and advise the President