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Arts and Humanities
BJU World History Chapter 23
Flashcards for chapter 23 of Bob Jones University's 10th grade history book.
Terms in this set (57)
Came to symbolize the great division between the Communist and free world.
The four decades following World War II.
Established a Communist government but dismayed Stalin by insisting on a greater degree of independence from Moscow than did other East European countries.
Truman Doctrine (1947)
Announced that the United States would support any country threatened by Communist aggression.
This policy, developed by George Kennan, used military, economic, diplomatic, and psychological means to curtail Communism's advance.
Marshall Plan (1948)
Provided $5.3 billion to economically assist war-ravaged Europe.
A regional military alliance to ensure defense against Soviet expansion.
The Soviet Union's regional military alliance which included its Eastern European satellite states.
The Soviets and the Americans increased their peacetime production of nuclear and conventional weapons.
Wars limited to specific geographic areas.
Korean War (1950-53)
North Korean forces invaded South Korea with the Communists intending to expand their influence.
Under this general, UN forces mounted a daring counteroffensive and secured South Korea.
The border between North and South Korea.
Vietnam War (1963-75)
A significant challenge to the containment of communism during the Cold War.
Ho Chi Minh
This Vietnamese Communist declared his country's independence, and a struggle with the French ensued.
Battle of Dien Bien Phu
The Vietnamese Communists scored this major victory over the French, annihilating a major French army.
Vietnam was divided into two parts at this border--the Communist north and the non-Communist south.
Communist guerrillas who began subversive activities in South Vietnam.
Formed to keep South Vietnam and other Asian nations free from communism.
Stated that if Vietnam fell to communism, then other countries of Asia would fall.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution (1964)
Through this, the American Congress authorized President Lyndon Johnson to "take all necessary measures to repel . . . attack against . . . the United States."
Demonstrated the Viet Cong's surprising strength on South Vietnamese cities.
A program in which the Americans gradually withdrew from the war and turned the burden of the fighting over to the South Vietnamese.
This Communist dictator seized power in Cuba and allied his country with the Soviet Union.
Bay of Pigs (1961)
This fiasco was a total failure to oust Castro.
Emerged as the new leader of the Soviet Union when Stalin died.
Aimed to keep the positions of ideological struggle without resorting to arms to prove that one is right.
The first man-made earth satellite.
US spy plane was shot down over the USSR. Khrushchev used this as an excuse for breaking off talks at the Paris summit conference.
A concrete-and-barbed-wire wall separating East and West Berlin. The most recognizable symbol of the Cold war struggle between the Free and the Communist worlds.
Cuban Missile Crisis
President Kennedy insisted that the Soviets remove their missiles from Cuba.
Relaxation of tensions.
Limited the amount of nuclear weapons that each superpower could possess.
This US president was determined to restore America's prestige in the world; at the same time, he denounced the evils of communism.
A new weapons system designed to use American space, laser, and satellite technology to provide a shield against incoming Soviet missiles.
This new Soviet premier sought to increase industrial productivity, stimulate technological development, restructure the stagnant and inefficient bureaucracy, decentralize management of the economy, and experiment with a free-market system.
A wide range of social, political, and economic reforms. "Restructuring."
"Openness" in which the Soviet people were encouraged to evaluate and even criticize their leaders to promote better government.
A powerful labor union in Poland.
This head of Solidarity and leader of the movement for reform and resistance was elected president in Poland.
This ex-Communist who supported reform was elected president of Russia.
Commonwealth of Independent States (December 1991)
Composed of eleven Soviet republics that declared independence from the Soviet Union.
"Great Leap Forward"
With this, Mao sought to improve Chinese agriculture and bring industry up to Western standards.
Mao launched this in an attempt to stir up zeal for radical communism.
A group of students began a demonstration here in the Chinese capital of Beijing.
The climax of the "big government" policies trending in the 1960s.
Civil Rights Movement
African-Americans made enormous gains in politics and society.
St. Lawrence Seaway
Opened in 1959 and fostered economic growth in Canada.
Served as prime minister of Canada during much of 1968-84.
This Conservative became prime minister of Canada in 1984. He established strong ties with the United States.
When this man became president of Mexico, the top priority was the privatization of industry.
Helped increase the standard of living of many Mexicans, providing jobs and opening the American border to increased trade.
The disgruntled farmers in Chiapas who revolted.
This chancellor of Germany rebuilt his nation.
Charles de Gaulle
This leader of the Free French led a provisional government until 1946.
A government with a constitution that provided for a strong president.
This Conservative became leader of her party and campaigned against Great Britain's slide toward socialism.
Communism relies on what form of economic arrangement?
who formed the Holy Spirit Mobile Force (HSMF)?
Who was allied with the United States?
Deadlock in which neither side is able to gain an advantage.
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