Greek: "changed label" or "substitute name." A figure of speech in which the name of one object is subsitituted for that of another closely associated with it (e.g. "the White House declared" rather than "the President declared").
The prevailing atmosphere or emotional aura of a work. Setting, tone, and events can affect the mood. Similat to tone and atmosphere.
The telling of a story or an account of an event or series of events.
A figure of speech in which natural sounds are imitated in the sounds of words (e.g. buzz, hiss, hum, crack, etc.)
Greek: "pointedly foolish." A figure of speech wherein the author groups apparently contradictory terms to suggest paradox (e.g. "jumpo shrimp" and "cruel kindness").
A statement to be self-contradictory or opposed to common sense but upon closer inspection contains some degree of truth or validity.
Greek: "beside one another." To give structural similarity and act as an organizing force to attract the reader's attention, add emphasis and organization, or simply provide a musical rhythm.
A sub-type of parallelism, when the exact repetition of words or phrases at the beginning of successive lines or sentences (e.g. MLK's "I Have A Dream" speech).
A work that closely imitates the style or content of another with the specific aim of comic effect and/or ridicule.
An adjective that describes words, phrases, or general tone that is overly scholarly, academic, bookish. Language described as "show-offy"
A sentence that presents its central meaning in a main clause at the end. This independent clause is preceded by a phrase or clause that cannot stand alone (opposite of loose sentence).
A figure of speech in which the author presents or describes concepts, animals, or inanimate obfects by endowing them with human attributes or emotions.
Point of View
The perspective from which the story is told.
Tells the story with the first person pronoun, "I," and is a character in the story.
Relates the events with third person pronouns, "he," "she," and "it."
Third Person Omniscient
Narrator, with godlike knowledge, presents the thoughts and actions of any or all characters.
Third Person Limited Omniscient
Narrator presents the feelings and thoughts of only one character, presenting only the actions of all the remaining characters (e.g. Jane Eyre).
One of the major divisions of genre. EX: the printer determines the length of the line; in poetry, the poet determines the length of the line.
The duplication of any element of language.
Greek: "orator." Describes the principles governing the art of writing effectively, eloquently and persuasively.
To explain and analyze information by presenting an idea, relevant evidence, and appropiate discussion.
To prove the validity of an idea, or point of view, by presenting sound reasoning, discussion, and argument that throughly convince the reader.
To recreate, invent, or visually present a person, place, event or action so that the reader can picture that being described.
Greek: "to tear flesh." It involves bitter, caustic language that is meant to hurt or ridicule someone or something.
A work that mocks human flaws/weaknesses to draw attention to a larger social concern.
Sentence that contains both subject and verb; cannot stand alone; also called a dependent clause.
Greek: "reckoning together." Is a deductive system of formal logic that presents two premises that inevitably lead to a sound conclusion.