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Unit 4 Vocabulary - Legislative Branch
Terms in this set (27)
the upper house of Congress, consisting of two representatives from each state
House of Representatives
the lower house of Congress, consisting of a different number of representatives from each state, depending on population
a population count taken by the Census Bureau
a person from a legislator's district
an oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which more than half the members belong
in both the House of Representatives and the Senate, the political party to which fewer than half the members belong
years of service, which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members
power that the U.S. Congress has that is specifically listed in the Constitution
powers granted directly to the national government by the Constitution; another name for expressed powers
power that Congress has that is not stated explicitly in the Constitution
clause in Article I, Section 8 of the Constitution that gives Congress the right to make all laws "necessary and proper" to carry out its expressed powers
To accuse government officials of misconduct in office.
writ of habeas corpus
A court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why the person is being held.
bill of attainder
A law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court.
ex post facto law
A law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed.
Representative of an interest group who contacts lawmakers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making.
Government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or state.
A resolution that is passed by both houses of Congress.
An organization of people with some common interest who try to influence government decisions
A completely unrelated amendment added to a bill.
A tactic for defeating a bill in the Senate by talking until the bill's sponsor withdraws it.
A procedure used in the Senate to limit debate on a bill.
A voting method in which those in favor say "Aye" and those against say "No".
In Congress, when members stand to be counted for a vote on a bill.
A voting method in the Senate in which members voice their votes in turn.
President's power to kill a bill, if Congress is not in session, by not signing it for 10 days.
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