Chapter 33 Principles of Pharmacology Study Guide
Terms in this set (37)
A spasmlike pain in the chest caused by myocardial anoxia.
a drug that relaxes and dilates the bronchial passageways and improves the passages of air into the lungs
a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver
An excessive amount of cholesterol in the blood
a condition characterized by an excess of bicarbonate ions in the body in relation to the amount of carbonic acid in the body; the pH rises to greater than 7.45
an agent used to kill sperm
Blood concentration of a drug that produces the desired effect without toxicity
it is effective without causing an unacceptable level of harm to the user
Controlled Substance Act
Drugs are classified according to their medical use, potential for abuse, and possibility of creating dependence.
Physical Drug Dependency
A person's addiction to use a substance continuously, so the body can function and to prevent physical discomfort.
Mild form of psychological dependency; such as the need for caffiene.
chemical formula for a drug
brand or proprietary name
physician's desk reference
United States Pharmacopoeia
reaches widespread areas of the body
Directions to the pharmacist to include the size of each dose, form, and number to dispense
Name of the drug prescribed, dosage, form, and strength.
Directions on how and when to take medication prescribed.
The date, patient's name, address, and the Rx symbol
The action of one drug diminishes the effect or shortens the duration of action of another drug.
combination of two drugs causes an effect that is greater than the sum of the individual effects of each drug alone
The combination of two drugs sometimes causing an effect that is greater than the individual drugs alone
under the tongue
Intraspinal injections used for administering corticosteroids into joints.
A pattern of activity or behavior that follows a day/night cycle.
Drug that prevents or slows the course of an illness or disease.
Drugs used to treat and cure a disorder; for example, antibiotics cure bacterial infections.
Drugs that provide substances the body needs to maintain health.
Drugs that do not cure a disorder but relieve pain or symptoms related to the condition.
Drugs that help determine the cause of a particular health problem.
Denoting any medication route other than the GI route.
Pertaining to a glue-like substance.
Drugs that are not protected by trademark.
Drug formulation in which tablets are coated with a special compound that does not dissolve until the tablet is exposed to the fluids of the small intestine.
Over the counter
Medications sold without prescription
Space within a vessel or tube.