Terms in this set (14)
A threadlike extension of a neuron that carries nerve impulses away from the cell body.
A nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system.
At the front of the brain. Controls behavior, self control, decision making, problem solving, planning, emotions, and speech
At the top of the brain. Controls movement, memory, recognition, and sensory information
At the back of the brain. Controls vision
At the sides of the brain. Controls emotions, hearing, language, and memory
At the base of the brain. Controls balance, movement, and posture.
Controls breathing, heart rate, eating, swallowing, and sleeping.
The thinking part of the brain. The gray matter. Controls your voluntary muscles.
Releases special hormones that make you grow. It plays a big part during puberty. It also helps keep your metabolism going.
It is like your brain's inner thermostat. It knows what temperature your body should be (about 98.6°F). It tells your body when to sweat or shiver so it will get your body's temperature where it needs to be.
Nerves that run up and down the length of the back and transmit most messages between the body and brain. It is part of your central nervous system.
gray matter of spinal cord
Contains the cells of motor neurons (voluntary movements and reflexes)
white matter of spinal cord
Contains axons, parts of nerve cells which relay messages to and from the brain.
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