16 terms

Terms of position

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Anatomical
The patient is standing erect with arms down at the sides and palms facing you.
Supine
The patient is lying face up on his or her back.
Prone
The patient is lying face down on his or her stomach
Lateral Recumbent
The patient is lying on the left or right side. Also known as the recovery position.
Trendelenberg
The patient is supine with the feet raised. Also known as the shock position.
Fowlers
The patient is supine in a seated position. High is 90°, Standard is 45° to 60°, Semi is 30° to 45° and Low is 15° to 30°
Proximal
Closer to point of reference
Distal
Further away from point of reference
Medial
Toward the midline of the body
Lateral
Refers to the right or left of the body
Superior
Closer to the head
Inferior
Closer to the feet
Anterior
Toward the front of the body-A
Posterior
Toward the back of the body-P
Ventral
Toward the front of the body-V
Dorsal
Toward the back of the body-D