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31 terms

Modified Plant Parts: Stem, Leaves, Roots

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tuber
what type of modified stem has the functions of vegetative propagation and food storage?
rhizome
what type of modified stem has the function of vegetative propagation with horizontal underground stems?
stolon
what type of modified stem has the function of vegetative propagation with horizontal, above-ground stems?
corm
what type of modified stem has the function of protecting the juvenile tissue until spring, vegetative propagation, and food storage?
tendril
what type of modified stem has the function of attachment?
thorn
what type of modified stem has the function of protection?
cladode
what type of modified stem has the function of photosynthesis?
bud scales
what type of modified leaves offer protection for the juvenile tissue?
spines
what type of modified leaves offer protection for the plant?
tendrils
what type of modified leaves offer support for the plant?
stipules
what type of modified leaves offer protection and carry out photosynthesis for the plant?
stipules
what type of modified leaf is characterized by small leaflets at the base of the petiole?
bulb
what type of modified leaf provides storage for the plant (ex: onion)?
succulent
what type of modified leaf provides storage for the plant (ex. aloe)?
water holding tank
what type of modified leaf provides water storage for the plant?
insect trap
what type of modified leaf captures prey for the plant in order to acquire nutrients?
bract
what type of modified leaf attracts pollinators for the plant?
bract
what type of modified leaf is characterized as being bright and surrounding a reduced flower?
reproductive
what type of modified leaf is for reproduction?
bryophyllum
a reproductive leaf where buds form along the leaf margin
storage roots
what type of modified roots provide storage?
aerial roots
what type of modifed roots provide attachment and support?
prop roots
what type of modified roots provide support and anchorage?
contractile roots
what type of modified roots hold plants at soil level?
contractile roots
what type of modified roots pull the bulb below the soil level?
contractile roots
what type of modified roots keep rhizomes at the proper depth?
contractile roots
what type of modified roots can increase their radius and decrease their height by contracting their upper cortical cells?
contractile roots
what type of modified roots penetrate soil and become firmly anchored?
contractile roots
what type of modified roots have vascular tissues that buckle and become undulate, but can still conduct?
pneumatophores
what type of modified roots aid with gas exchange?
nodules
what type of modified roots aid with N2 fixation?