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a Roman province on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea


the capital of the kingdom of Israel


Jewish kingdom founded by David around 1000 B.C., a country in southwestern Asia


an ancient kingfom and present-day country in northeastern Africa

West Bank

an area of land seized by Israel in the Six-Day War

Golan Heights

an area of southwestern Asia seized by Israel in the Six-Day War

Sinai Peninsula

an area of land seized by Israel in the Six-Day War

Gaza Strip

an area of eastern Mediterranean land seized by Israel in the Six-Day War

David Ben-Gurion

1886 - 1973 Israeli leader who declared the state of Israel in 1948

Gamal Abdel Nasser

1918 - 1970 Modern Egyptian leader who drove the British out of Egypt in 1956

Anwar el-Sadat

1918 - 1981 Egyptian president who made peace with Israel in 1978

Menachem Begin

1913 - 1992 Israeli prime minister who worked toward peace in the Middle East by signing a peace accord between Egypt and Israel in 1978


a movement that began in the 1800s to set up a Jewish state in Palestine

Arab nationalism

Arab unity, which became a powerful force under Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser

Palestinian Liberation Organization

group led by Yasir Arafat to create a Palestinian state

Camp David Accords

an agreement signed by Sadat and Begin for Israel to withdraw troops stationed on Sinai Peninsula since 1967 and Egypt to establish peace with Israel

Oslo Accords

agreements aimed at ending the Arab-Israeli conflict but resulted in failureand another Palestinian uprising in 2000

Six-Day War

1967 war between Israel and its Arab neighbors, resulting in Israel's control of Palestine

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