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35 terms

The Unofficial AP English Language and Composition Vocabulary Guide Week 22

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meiosis
1. a figure of speech that is saying less than what is truly meant (understatement)
meiosis
2. sometimes used as another word for litotes
meiosis
3. in biology, a process of cell division (two nuclear divisions in rapid succession) in sexually reproducing organisms resulting in forming four gametocytes with half the number of chromosomes of the somatic cells
metaphor
1. a figure of speech that directly compares one thing to another, without the use of "like" or "as"
Example: He's a bear in the mornings. (Meaning he is grumpy and gruff)
Example: She's drowning in homework. (Meaning there is so much homework, she is overwhelmed)
extended metaphor
1. a comparison of two things that goes beyond one line of text
conceit
1. in literature, another word for extended metaphor
conceit
2. vanity or smug self-satisfaction (pride, self-importance, arrogance)
conceit
3. a fanciful idea or notion
onomatopoeia
1. a word created from the sound that is associated with the object, idea, or action
oxymoron
1. a figure of speech that uses contradictory terms placed side by side for effect
paralipsis
1. the rhetorical device of professing to say little or nothing of a subject (the pretense of
passing over information), but in essence, you are drawing attention to the information, as in not to mention that it cost us a fortune
pathetic fallacy
1. treating an inanimate object as if it had human feelings or ideas
periphrasis
1. using more words when one (or few) words will do (wordiness, circumlocution)
personification
1. placing human attributes on things or ideas, for effect
personification
2. the act of personifying
anthropomorphism
1. giving animals or gods human attributes
pantheism
1. the view that nature and the universe are God
pun
1. a humorous play on words; there are many types of ~s, including a recursive ~, compound ~, homographic ~, homonymic ~, and homophonic ~.
sarcasm
1. mocking, often contemptuous and bitter, ironic words
simile
1. a figure of speech comparing two unlike things while using the words "like" or "as"
synaesthesia
1. also spelled synesthesia, in literature, using one sense to describe another, i.e. "a prickly sound" or "it sounded wooly"
synaesthesia
2. in science, when one sense evokes another, i.e. when you hear a sound, and it makes
the individual see a color
synecdoche
1. in literature, a figure of speech where a part describes a whole
repudiate
1. refuse to accept (reject, disclaim, renounce, deny, disown, disavow)
orator
1. a person with pubic speaking skills
orator
2. a person delivering a speech
paragon
1. perfect example (model, ideal, archetype) [noun]
paragon
2. to compare with [verb]
prevaricate
1. to intentionally lie or create a negative or false impression, to deceive (hedge, evade)
extrinsic
1. non-essential
extrinsic
2. coming from the outside (external)
intrinsic
1. inherent (built-in)
intrinsic
2. essential (fundamental)
certitude
1. confidence in conviction, sureness (certainty)
proclivity
1. natural bent (propensity, penchant, inclination)