30 terms

USH: WW2 Terms

Battle of the Bulge
Last major German counteroffensive. December 1944-Jan 1945. Allied troops are pushed back into the Ardennes forests (Bastogne, Belgium). Two weekas of intense fighting before Germans were stopped.
" lightning war" Involved use of aircraft, panzer/tank and infrantry to take over an area/target.
German armored vehicle or tank/ tank division
Lend-Lease Act
Approve by Congress in March 1941; The act allowed America to sell, lend or lease arms or other supplies to nations considered "vital to the defense of the United States."
Operation Barbarossa
codename for Nazi Germany's invasion of the Soviet Union during World War II.
Rape of Nanking
6-week period following the Japanese capture of the city of Nanjing. Thousands of civilians were murdered and raped by soldiers of Imperial Japanese Army.
Miracle at Dunkirk
Retreating British soldiers were trapped between the advancing Nazis and the English Channel. The British sent all available naval, merchant and even civilian ships across the channel and ferried 300,000 soldiers back to Britain.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, the largest invasion force in history, stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Invasion of Poland
Sept. 1, 1939 officially begins WWII. Used Blitzkrieg technique. Fought for three weeks before surrindering.
Vichy France
Southern France set up as a puppet government (led by French leaders who follow orders of Nazis. Pro-Nazi French; traitors to the Free French in N. France
Harry Truman
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Was elected president of the US by an overwhelming majority in 1932, introduced the New Deal, and led the US through most of WWII. Wanted to remain neutral and keep the US out of the war. Supplied aid to the Allies (Lend-Lease Act).
abstention from alliances and other international political and economic relations; American foreign policy
Hitler wanted the area of Western Czechoslavakia...a land that Germany thought was rightfully theirs due to the large German speaking population
name of the territory in which Hitler sent troops into in defiance of the Versailles treaty in 1935. This area was demilitarized after WWI but Hitler took it back in 1936.
Battle of Britain
Germany's attempted invasion of Britain. An aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British RAF (Royal Air Force), which offered successful resistance.
Pearl Harbor
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Nazi-Soviet Non-Agression Pact
An agreement between Germany (Hitler) and the Soviet Union (Stalin) not to go to war against each other- Hitler wanted to avoid a 2 Front war, Stalin needed time to build up his forces
London Blitz
100-200 bombers (Luftwaffe, the German aircraft) attacked the city nightly for 57 days in a row. Buildings burned day & night and people sought refuge in the subways. Most of the city was destroyed.
Battle of Stalingrad
December 1942-February 1943; turning point in World War II; Soviet and German armies fought this battle. The Red Army (Russia) was victorious and saved Stalingrad
The Big Three
FDR, Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin Leaders of the Allies.
Axis Powers
Germany, Italy, Japan
Allied Powers
Great Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and later the US
Danzig Corridor
strip of land given to Poland after WWI: split Germany into 2 sections...gave Poland access to the sea so it wasn't landlocked. Hitler demanded this strip back!
Peaceful takover of Austria 1938. Many Austrians welcomed Germany. The Austrian gov't didn't have a choice.
the airforce of Great Britain (Royal Air Force)
German Air Force, the German air force before and during World War II
Winston Churchill
Prime Minister of Great Britain (1940) throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns.
Munich Conference
1938--A meeting between British, French, and German leaders in which Germany was given control of the Sudetenland in exchange for German leader Hitler's promise to make no more claims on European territory
Yalta Conference
Meeting in the Crimea( Ukraine) towards the end of the war (Feb. 1945) Churchill, Stalin and Roosevelt meet to discuss plans for the final assault on Germany, the creation of the United Nations, and the post-war division of Europe among the Allies.