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Terms in this set (28)
The view that all social institutions and changes are controlled by economic forces.
Analyzing society's present and past to determine where it is headed in the future.
Conclusions based upon observation of facts and not upon reason or revelation.
Hypothesis proposed as an explanation; reasonable guess.
An ideal society.
Scripture records the __________ of this people to ___ , to other groups of people that do ___ ________ in God, and to ____ ____
relationship - God - not believe - each other.
Plato(427-347 B.C.) was an idealistic ____________.
Plato imagined a completely planned society. The rulers of this society would be a special class called the ________________
In early nineteenth-century , _________ modern sociology began to take shape.
What type of philosopher was Plato?
The first true scientific sociologist was:
The man considered to be the "Father of Sociology" is:
Plato's society was the first of many idealistic societies called:
Under Plato's ideal society, all governing was done by:
The new trend in sociology toward more focused analysis is called:
The sociologist who believed that human knowledge passed through three stages was:
Name two important social institutions that are often mentioned in Scripture:
______ and ______
family - church
The theories of Karl Marx provided the basis for:
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), a student of Plato, was a _________ philosopher.
Sir Thomas More (1478-1535)--
Francis Bacon (1561-1626)--
Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)--
Karl Marx (1818-1883) - Frederick Engels Frederick Engels ) were:
Herbert Spencer (1820-1903), a British philosopher,
tried to apply the theory of biological evolution to sociology.
The Frenchman, Emile Durkheim (1855-1917),
was the first real scientific sociologist.
Max Weber (1864-1920) was one of the most significant
sociologists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.
Weber's best-known work,
The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
Talcott Parsons (1902-1979), an American sociologist,
followed the theories developed by these men and set the direction for American sociological research.
What is self-disclosure? What is the norm of reciprocity?
Pierre Bourdieu argues that the principal factor generating social inequality in contemporary industrial societies is:
Which perspective would say that laws reinforce the social order?
What do functionalists believe about society?
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Society functions because social patterns are usually predictable. History records that John D. Rockefeller, the founder of Standard Oil Company, was so rich he would walk down the street and pass out dimes to children. Allegedly, he gave out three million dollars’ worth of dimes before he died. Let’s say you decided to go to the mall and hand out a dollar to all the children who passed by. How do you think people would react? Would they be suspicious? Do you think mall security would be concerned by your behavior? What has changed since the days of Rockefeller that would make your behavior suspect?
Which of the following describes what is meant by differential association? a. Crime is more likely to occur among individuals who have been treated differently b. People may become criminals through close association with criminals c. Crime is not transmitted culturally d. crime comes from conflict between two cultures
Sociologists define three types of family structures. List and describe those structures.