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USH Quarter 1 Review
Terms in this set (35)
Common Sense by Thomas Paine
pamphlet that advocated independence for the American colonies
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson
expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony for their religious beliefs, they settled the Rhode Island Colony
Salem Witch Trials
1629 outbreak of witchcraft accusations in a puritan village marked by an atmosphere of religious intolerance, fear, hysteria and stress
The first permanent English settlement in North America, founded by Virginia Company.
included New York, Pennsylvania (Quakers), New Jersey, and Delaware; most diverse area of the 13 colonies
New England Colonies
The term for the colonies of Massachusetts bay, Rhode Island, and New Hampshire
Southern Colonies Economy
Depended on plantations(large farms) producing large amounts of cash crops, especially rice and tobacco.
Bill of Rights, 1791
The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution. Proposed to calm the fears of Anti-Federalists
A deadly voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
Economic program advanced by Henry Clay that included support for a national bank, high tariffs, and internal improvements; emphasized strong role for federal government in the economy.
House of Burgesses
1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt houses of burgesses.
French and Indian War
(1754-1763) War fought in the colonies between the English and the French for possession of the Ohio Valley area. The English won.
Proclamation of 1763
law forbidding English colonists to settle west of the Appalachian Mountains
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
French Alliance of 1778
The colonies needed help from Europe in their war against Britain. France was Britain's rival and hoped to weaken Britain by causing her to lose the American colonies. The French were persuaded to support the colonists by news of the American victory at the Battle of Saratoga.
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house
Proves the weaknesses of Articles of Confederation and results in the calling of the Constitutional Convention
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Creates a process for territories to become states and bans slavery north of Ohio River
Alien and Sedition Acts
acts passed by federalists giving the government power to imprison or deport foreign citizens and prosecute critics of the government
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
US foreign policy regarding Latin American countries stated that further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in Western Hemisphere would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring U.S. intervention.
Argument between South Carolina and the federal government under Andrew Jackson regarding the role of national government and tariffs
First Great Awakening, 1730s-1760s
Strengthened beliefs in religious freedom and challenged the status of established churches.authority
Second Great Awakening
A second religious fervor that swept the nation. It resulted in reform movements such as prison reform, the temperance movement, and moral reasoning against slavery.
Washington's Farewell Address
Warned Americans not to get involved in European affairs, not to make permanent alliances, not to form political parties and to avoid sectionalism.
Jefferson and constitutional dilemma
The constitution nowhere stated that the President has the power to buy land from a foreign country
Cause of War of 1812
In October, 1794, the army, led by Washington, put down the rebellion. The incident showed that the new government under the Constitution could react swiftly and effectively to such a problem, in contrast to the inability of the government under the Articles of Confederation to deal with Shay's Rebellion.
Universal White Male Suffrage
The extension of the right to vote to all males regardless of social standing or wealth, whose movement had begun in the early-mid 1800's
Declaration of Sentiments
declared that all "people are created equal"; used the Declaration of Independence to argue for women's rights
Seneca Falls Convention
(1848) the first national women's rights convention at which the Declaration of Sentiments was written
United States educator who introduced reforms that significantly altered the system of public education (1796-1859)
abstinence from alcoholic drink
Separation of Powers
Constitutional division of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, with the legislative branch making law, the executive applying and enforcing the law, and the judiciary interpreting the law
Treaty of Paris of 1763
Ended the French and Indian War and effectively kicked the French out of North America
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