How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

26 terms

Asessment Eye, Ear

STUDY
PLAY
accommodation
the process by which the eye's lens changes shape to focus near or far objects on the retina
blepharitis
inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
canthus
either of the corners of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet
caruncle
found in the medial canthus, it is a small fleshy mass containing sebacceous glands
cataract
loss of transparency or cloudiness in the crystalline lens of the eye
cornea
the transparent outer covering of the eye
cerumen
a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal
fixation
active alignment of the line of sight in one or both eyes on a stationary object or person
glaucoma
group of diseases of the eye characterized by increased intraocular pressure that results in damage to the optic nerve, producing defects in vision
hyperopic
Able to see objects at a distance clearly but having trouble seeing things up close; farsighted
limbus
the border between the cornea and the sclera
macular degeneration
thinning or torn membrane in the center of the retina
miosis
reflex contraction of the sphincter muscle of the iris in response to a bright light (or certain drugs) causing the pupil to become smaller
mydriasis
dilation of the pupil of the eye
myopic
nearsighted
otalgia
an ache localized in the middle or inner ear
otosclerosis
hardening of the bony tissue in the ear
PERRLA
Pupils Equally Reactive and Responsive to Light and Accomodation
photophobia
pain in the eye resulting from exposure to bright light (often associated with albinism)
presbyopia
farsightedness; person can see print and objects from farther away than considered normal
presbycusis
inability to hear high-frequency sounds or to discriminate a variety of simultaneous sounds caused by degeneration of the hair cells in the inner ear
ptosis
drooping eyelids
punctum
the opening in the lacrimal drainage system in the upper and lower eyelids
Rinne test
hearing test using a tuning fork; checks for differences in bone conduction and air conduction
tinnitus
ringing in the ears
Weber test
hearing test using a tuning fork; distinguishes between conductive and sensorineural hearing loss