Upgrade to remove ads
Global Regents Review Terms
Huge List of All Global Regents Review
Terms in this set (265)
Ideas from a culture being spread into another
The Old Stone Age, which lasted from 2.5 million to 8000 B.C. where the invention of tools, fire, and language took place.
The New stone age which went from about 8000 B.C to 3000 B.C. People who lived during this learned to polish stone tools, make pottery, grow crops, and raise animals.
One of the oldest cities in Sumer
Pyramid shaped monument where sumerians worshiped their gods
When the Tigris and Euphrates flooded, it left a thick bed of mud, which was rich, so farmers could plant and have huge quantities of wheat and barley
The belief in many gods
Egyptian gods who ruled the government
A government ruled by religion
The Egyptian form of writing, which developed from Sumerian cuneiform
Seasonal winds in India, which dominate the climate
Pattern of rise, Decline, and replacement of Chinese Dynasties
A political system in which nobles, or lords are granted the use of lands that legally belong to the king
People from the Indo-European steppes, with farily lighter skin, who later moved down into India, and began the caste system in India. Vedas were their sacred texts. The caste system was based on varna, or skin color.
Priests, at the top of the caste system which the Aryans made
Mandate of Heaven
The justification which a wicked chinese king could lose and would get passed on to a new ruler
What Hindu's believe to be the "world's soul". And when this person understands it, they believe moksha
The idea of rebirth, which religions like Hinduism and Buddhism believe in
Good or bad deeds, which influence specific life curcumstances, such as the caste one is born into, one's state of health, wealth or poverty, and so on.
This was the religion practiced by African people south of the Sahara. In this religion, spirits play an important role in daily life; people believed the spirts were present in plants and animals.
Chandragupta's son who became king of the Mauryan Empire. He ruled with peace, based on Buddhism. He also was religiously tollerent.
An empire in Mexico. This empire was where modern Mexico City is. They worshiped a god Quetzalcoatl, who was a feathered serpent. They formed the triple alliance with two other city states, Texcooc and Tlacopan to become a stronger power. Their capitol city was Tenochtitlan.
This empire was run by Hammurabi. He had a code of law which told people how to live. It was very strict.
the movement of the Bantu peoples southward throughout Africa, spreading their language and culture, from around 500 b.c. to around A.D 1000
This is a universal religion which is based on reaching nirvana, or enlightenment, by following the 8-fold path. It is also based on dharma, one's duty. Dharma, the Buddha, and the religious community make up the three jewels
This was the code that Japanese samauri's follwed. It was their code, and way of believing. A samaurai was expected to show reckless courage.
Started by the Aryans. Brahmins(priests) Kshatriyas(warriors) Vaishyas(merchents) Shudras (peasants)
Chinese Writing System
This system of writing was created in China so that even though they all spoke different languages, they all could communicate through the same writing system. Instead of standing for letters or words, the symbols stand for an idea.
A way of life, started by Chinese scholar, Confucius. This philosophy is based on five relationships, and fiel piety. Confucianism is very big on families. Five relationships: ruler-subject, husband-wife, father-son, older brother-younger brother, friend-friend (friend to friend is the only equal relationship
Wedge-shaped writing system that was used back in Mesopotamia.
In areas with dry climates, a process caused by a combination of poor farming practices, overgrazing, and drought that turns productive land into desert
The belief that one's culture is superior to all of the rest in the world.
Five Pilars (Islam)
Faith: To be a good Muslim and realize that there is no god but Allah. Prayer: To pray five times a day Alms: giving money to the poor Pilgrimage: all muslims at some point in there life must make a pilgrimage to Mecca
He was the first ruler in the Mongol Empire. They ruled by horseback, and conquering people. Ghengis Khan had great military strategy. One of them was that they wore silk shirts, that way if they got hit with an arrow, it could easily get out of the flesh without puncturing them.
This was a kingdom in West Africa. Between the Niger and Senegal Rivers came one of the most important things of this empire, the gold and salt trade. Gold and salt was a very big export for them. People from the Mediterranean came in and eventually convinced the rulers to convert to Islam.
An important trade of resources, in the Kingdoms of Ghana and Mali
Kingdom by the Sahara, founded by Mande-speaking people, who lived south of Ghana. They also relied on the gold-salt trade. Leaders were called mansas.
The most famous emperor of Mali. He went on a hajj to Mecca from 1324-1325. When he returned, he ordered the building of new mosques at the trading cities of Timbuktu.
This was an empire in India after the Mauryan Empire. Chandra Gupta II brought this empire to its heights when he defeated the Shakas, the enemy of the Gupta.
The first written codes of law during the Babylonian Empire
Holy war (Islam)
Religion practiced by people who believe in one god, monoetheism. They follow the torah. (if you don't know this you're dead)
Mongol emperor who started the Yuan Dynasty. He settled in a palace in China, but had yurts in his backyard
Started by Laozi, the philosophy that we discover what is right,wrong, peace, and harmony, by our interaction with nature
The opposition to Taoism and Confucianism, which says we should follow strict order and law, and includes harsh punishment
Sect of Buddhism where people (in Japan) seek spiritual enlightenment through Meditation
Muslim who traveled the Muslim world in Africa, and recorded his journeys
Venetian who traveled with his father, and visisted Kublai Khan and China. Recorded his journey
Empire run by Chandragupta Maurya, who followed the Arthasastra, or book which teaches how to hold together a vast empire
Empire which stretched from Gulf of Mexico, to Central America. They were known for their incredible cities, like Chichen Itza, and mathematics
Empire in central Mexico with the capitol city of Tenochtitlan. They could measure time,and traded obsidean
Empire in Peru, which recorded data on knotted strings called quipu
The name which China gave itself. Shows ethnocentrism
The creator of Islam
Major religion of India, where the Brahman is the spirit of the world.
People from the steppes, who went and conquered on horseback. Used silk shirts (so arrow could not puncture the skin)
Japan's earliest religion, which was the "way of the gods." Based on respect for the forces of nature
The Muslims who believe that leaders should be descendants of Muhammad
Muslisms who believe anyone can be a religious leader
Professional warriors who served Japanese feudal lords. They followed the Code of Bushido
The first emperor of the Qin dynasty. He had an autocracy government, and forced laborers to finish constructing the Great Wall
Founder of Buddhism
A system of ancient caravan routes across Central Asia, along which traders carried silk and other trade goods
Under this there was a burst of culture including kabuki theaters and haiku. They found Christianity troublesome, and used violence to get Christians out of their country. Used the Closed country policiy, and only kept the one port, Nagasaki, open to Dutch and Chinese merchants.
Under this Dynasty, Zheng He lead his explorations. The ming tried to keep out foreign trade
The belief that the Jewish people should have a separate homeland
Lands which are controlled by another nation
Landed in Mexico in 1519. He wanted to claim new lands for Spain
Cortez, and the many other Spanish explorers who followed him. They carved out colonies, which later became, Mexico, South America, and the USA
Forced system of labor, where Native Americans farmed, ranched, or mined, for the Spanish
The trade that worked on a Transatlantic network. Europeans trasnported manufactured goods to Africa. The Africans sent slaves and Gold to the Americas. The Americas sent sugar, molasses, and cotton to Europe
The global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization. Sent from the Americas were crops like corn and potatoes. Europe sent other crops like cattle and pigs, and some disease of the Americas
An economic system based on private ownership, and the investment of wealth for profit
A company where individual European members payed for a portion of the colony. If the colony thrived, investors shared profits. If it failed, they lost their small share
The theory that a country's power depended mainly on its wealth. This theory was adopted by the Europeans in the 1500's during imperialism in the Americas.
Favorable balance of trade
Having more exports than imports
1803 - Led a slave rebellion which took control of Haiti, the most important island of France's Caribbean possessions. The rebellion led Napoleon to feel that New World colonies were more trouble than they were worth, and encouraged him to sell Louisiana to the U.S.
In 1884-1885 14 European nations met to prevent fighting over dividing (carving) up Africa.
Dutch Settlers in the Cape of Good Hope. They gradualy took over native AFricans' land, and when people attempted to rebel against them, they blamed the Birtish, and fought the first 'total war" against them. Brittain won.
The policy to take a culture, and that the people in a colony would become absorbed into that culture(used by French in Africa)
Strategy of Colonization used by England and the USA. Local governments were allowed, and limited self rule. Eventually the colonies would be able to rule themselves.
Used by French and other Europeans in Africa. The goal was assimilation, and no self-rule
An interest in or taking of land for its strategic location or products
The building of this was supported by Ismaiil in Egypt. The canal was a man-made waterway that cut through the Isthmus of Suez. It connected the Red Sea to the Mediterranean
British East India Company
Created when the British began economic interest in India in the 1600's. They set up trading posts at Bombay, Madras, and Calcutta. They considered India as the most valuable of all of their colonies
Gossip among the Indian soldiers was that on their riffle cartridges, there was beef fat, and Hindus considered the cow sacred, and did not want to eat it. 85 of 90 soldiers refused to accept them, and were jailed. They rebelled the next day, and marched to Delhi, and spread the rebeliion
The British had finally found one crop that they could sell to China, opium. After so many Chinese got addicted to it, the government got mad, and the British and Chinese went to war. The British won
Treaty of Nanjing/unequal treaties
The treaty that England and China signed after the Opium war. It gave Britain the island of Hong Kong. Another treaty signed later on gave the US and other foureign citizens extraterritorial rights
The rebellion against the Qing Dynasty. It was lead by Hong Xiuquan, who wanted great peace. The army was made up of mainly peasants, and 1 million people had joined his rebel forces. That year he captured Nanjing and made it his captiol. Later on though, the Qing regained power
Scramble for Africa
The many countries that wanted to colonize different parts of Africa
People who go and try to spread religion (mainly Christians)
Having strong pride in one's country (mainly gained after WWII, countries didn't want to be colonized)
The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group.
Sphere of Influence
A region in which the foreign nation controlled trade and investment
The Chinese didn't like the special privileges given to foreigners. Many Chinese formed a group called the Society of Harmonious Fists, and became known as the Boxers. In 1900 they descended on Bejing shouting, "death to the foreign devils"
Meaning "fragrant harbor" this economic center is one of the most crowded places on earth. Nearly all resident are Chinese
In 1853, this person went to Tokyo Harbor, to try and open up trade wtih Japan.
Treaty of Kanagawa
Signed in 1854, This gave Americans trading rights at two Japanese ports, and also allowed us to set up an embassy in Japan.
The period of time from 1867 to 1912, where the Japanese were under a new form of government. The leader tried to end Japan's problems by modernizing, and sending statesmen to Europe and North America to study foreign ways. This helped strengthen economic and military power.
Japan told Russia that they would recognize their rights, if they stayed out of Korea. The Russians refused, and so they went into this war. Japan won, drove the Russian troops out of Korea, and got Manchuria
In 1907, Japan got this, or complete control in Korea. They were harsh rulers, and forced Koreans to learn the Japanese language, history, and culture
The system which Latin Americans worked for large land owners, and were forced into debt. It was very much like share-cropping.
The way that many Latin American army leaders controlled new nations, as dictators
The doctrine which stated that Europeans could not invade Latin America
This was built to cut the "coast to coast journey in half." Roosevelt offered the country 10 million dollars, plus a yearly payment to Columbia, which Panama was a province of so we could finish it. It finally opened in 1914
This gave the United States permission to act like a police force in Latin America
This was the nationalist party in China, in the early 1900's, which was pushing for Modernization
Sun Yat-Sen (Yixian)
The first great leader of the Kuomintang. In 1912, he overthrew the Qing Dyansty. He became president of China and tried to make it a democracy. While communist party was formed, he and hist party formed a government in south China
Communist leader of China, who gained support by supporting student protesters, who wanted to boycott Japan. Formed the Chinese communist party
When the Communist party of China was surrounded by an army of nationalists, they realized they were facing defeat, so began a 6000 mile journey. They crossed many areas, and eventually some made it to northwest China, with Mao
Indian National Congress
Group formed in 1885 to rid India of foreign rule
Group formed in 1906 to rid India of foreign rule
To protest the Rowlatt act, 10,000 Hindus and Muslims went to the capitol of Punjab in 1919. They fasted, prayed, and gave speeches. However, British Genderal Dyer thought they were openly defying the ban, and open fired at them without warning
Mohandas K. Gandhi
He emerged as India's leader after the Amritsar Massacre. He used the idea of civil disobedience, to win India's independence
The British told the Indians that they could only buy salt from them. To rebel against this, Gandhi and his followers walked 240 miles to the coast, collected water, let it evaporate, and made their own salt.
The deliberate and public refusal to obey an unjust law. (used by Gandhi)
On December 7th, this place in Hawaii was bombed by the Japanese
An "autonomous area." Mao Zedong took control of this area, where the religious leader, the Dalai Lama, fled to India.
The collective farms, which Mao had people, live, eat, and work at
Great Leap Forward
Mao's plan to expand success of China's industry, which called for communes. Really, this plan worked backwards, and made the economy worse
These were the young people, who Mao urged to make a revolution. They formed these militia units
Under Mao's rule, the goal of this was to establish a society of peasants and workers, which were all equal. The Red Guards shut down colleges and schools. People with extra money had to do hard labor to "purify" themselves
The system where a weaker nation pays a stronger nation
Form of government where a strong leader has complete control of the country
The War between both sides of Korea. The UN drove North Koreans across the 38th parallel into North Korea, but the fighting turned into war between the Chinese and Americans. After 3 years of fighting, the border on the 38th parallel was set
The "third force" of countries, like Indonesia, and some Asian and African countries
Led a revolution against Cuba's dictator. At first people liked him for improving the economy, literacy, health care, and conditions for women, but then he became a harsh dictator.
Cuban Missile Crisis
The soviets began to build missile sites in Cuba, and when they were discovered by the Americans in 1962, Kennedy ordered them removed
Ayatollah Rudholla Khomeini
The Shah of Iran had tried to make a secular government, which the Muslim leaders did not like. The leader of this opposition was living in exile. He returned to Iran in 1979 to make it an Islamic state, and banned western influences
Partition of India
Due to rioting between Hindus and Muslims, India was divided into India and Pakistan
Like columbus, led exploration expeditions. Had treasure fleets
Leader of nonviolent protests for freedom on the Gold Coast. When independence was gained, he became the first prime minister of Ghana. He develpoped economic projects, but was criticized for spending too much time on Pan-African efforts, and neglecting his own countries' issues
A state which is between Pakistan and India, and half belongs to each side. However, there is major conflict over this piece of land
Kenyan Nationalist who used strong leadership to help gain Kenya's independence, and became the first president of the new nationnt of Kenya.
This declaration called for partition of Palestine into Palestine and a Jewish homeland. It was issued by the British
When Egypt seized the Suez Canal, the British and French got upset, and said that they would pay and support Israel if they fought the Egyptians
Egyptian president who planned a joint Arab attack on Israel, on Yom Kippur.
Camp David Accords
In 1979, Jimmy Carter invited Sadat, and Israeli prime minister, Menachem to the USA to settle their issues. They signed an agreement, which ended 30 years of hostility between the two countries
Palestine Liberation Organization, led by Yasir Arafat. In the 70's, this group conducted terrorist attacks against Israel.
In 1987, this was the way that Palestinians began to express their frustrations with Israel after being bombed. They had this widespread campaign of civil disobedience, in the form of boycotts, demonstrations, attacks on Israeli soldiers, and rock throwing
The genocide where the Hutu's attacked the original favored Tutsi, and tried to wipe them out. Afterwards the government got rid of ethnicity and tried to educate people about it. They also put guilty people in jail
The genocide where the Arabs in Sudan are trying to wipe out the blacks. They are destroying their cattle, crops, killing them. Many refugees are moving to Chad and Jebel Moon. The UN is trying to send in peace-keeping troops
The Israeli prime minister who agreed to grant the Palestinians their own land. In 1995 he was killed by Jewish extremists
A palestianian Islamic terrorist group
Radical Islam group who is the political party in Afghanistan
A place in Japan that we bombed on August 6th, 1945, three days later, followed by the bombing of Nagasaki
Complete separation of the races
Formed by black Africans, in 1912 to fight for their rights. They organized strikes and boyotts to protest racist policiies
Leader of the ANC. He was imprisoned for boycotts and strikes which were run by the ANC
The incident where in 1960 The police killed 69 black South Africans. After that, the ANC decided they had no choice, but to use violence
F.W. de Klerk
Elected as the last white South African president in 1989. He legalized the ANC and also released Nelson Mandela from prison. This started a new era in South Africa and ended apartheid
World War II
The second world war which caused many colonies to feel nationalistic, and not want to be colonized anymore
When many countries around the world started boycotting South Africa, due to apartheid
The "base" for Bin Ladin to carry out his holy war. Osama Bin Ladin created it in 1989. Otherwise it is known as a radical Islamic group who has control of Afghanistan, and a chapter in Iraq
The old leader of Iraq who was put on trial for genocide, and crimes against human rights
He emerged as a powerful communist leader of China in 1984. He embraced the set of goals, the Four Modernizations
These called for progress in agriculture, industry, defense, and science and technology in China.
In 1989, 100,000 Chinese students occupied this place, in the heart of Bejing. They chantet to stop corruption and dictatorship. They protested and won widespread popular support
A 20th century attempt to increase food resources worldwide, involving the use of fertilizers and pesticdies, and the development of disease resistant crops. Indira Gandhi was behind this
A member of a loosely organized fighting force that makes surprise attacks on enemy troops occupying his or her country. used by mau mau
Belief in one god. Used mainly in Christianity, Judaism and Islam
Texts from Confucius
Respect for parents
8 Fold Path
the path of life followed by Buddhists to reach nirvana
the body of Jews (or Jewish communities) outside Palestine or modern Israel
A belief that emphasizes faith and optimism in human potential and creativity
precise detailed study of the surface features of a region
Gross Domestic Product
The total value of goods and services produced within the borders of a country during a specific time period, usually one year.
a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
an economic system based on state ownership of capital. essentially taking money from the wealthy and distributing to the poor
The right to vote
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition. Introduced by Hitler
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
Resistance to side with one nation/force. Ex: India did not take a side during the Cold War.
Family who ruled India during it's golden age, advances in arts/ science.
Prime minister of India who supported the Green Revolution
Japanese feudal lords who had armies of samurai
Family controlled banking and industrial groups before WW II
emperor of Japan who renounced his divinity and became a constitutional monarch after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II (1901-1989)
Little Red Book
Book of Mao Zedong's philosophies
Venezuelan statesman who led the revolt of South American colonies against Spanish rule
Jose San Martin
Helped Argentina, Peru and Chile beat the Spanish
Greek City States
Most famous temple of the Greeks
Came up with the method of asking questions to prove statements
concept of the perfect state- philosophers rule, lower
class kept in labor
Great Greek Philosopher with many achievements
Alexander the Great
Conquered and ruled an empire stretching from Macedonia to the Indus Valley
Rules Rome as "dictator for life"
Romans and Europeans can walk together in peace
Rome's first code of laws
Ruled over Rome and saved the code of laws
Continuation of the Roman Empire in the Middle East after its division in 395. Capital Constantinople
Farmers seek protection from lords and enter into feudalism. OR
Farmers forced into working for lords
Lord and vassal. Lord gives protection and a benefice (privilege),
usually just piece of land (fief)Most of the peasants are called serfs and bound to land
Each serf owes lord something (days of labor, tons of wheat etc.)
Serfs only have crude tools, wooden plows, no fertilizer, no crop
rotation (VERY hard work)
Ruled over Carolingian Empire. Appointed by the pope.
Christians take back Holy Land, but Muslims get it back.
2nd Crusade (1147) fails.
3rd Crusade (1189) fails.
4th Crusade (1202), sponsored by Venice so Crusaders crush rival city on
the way to Jerusalem.Then they crush Constantinople.
Children's Crusade (1212) 50,000 children end up dead or in slavery.
ncreased European knowledge of the East (trade, technology)
Increased power for monarchs and church
Women's role increased (men away fighting)
Italian cities flourish (make $$ off of trade)
Middle class/bourgeoisie develops (bankers, merchants etc.)
jury trial, no tax w/o representation, protection of law.
-organized by Sparta
-an alliance of city-states that defeated the Persians
Wrote The Prince a ruler should do
what it takes to rule
Led to the concept of banking,
the creation of guilds, and the development of
capitalism in Europe
Portuguese navigator in the service of Spain. He commanded an expedition that was the first to circumnavigate the globe
Founder of Protestantism
A tangible forgivness of sins. Sold by Johann Tetzel
Wrote the Institutes of the Christian Religion
Council of Trent
Pope still authority, Faith in Christ and good works
necessary, Index of Forbidden Books banned books (until 1966!)
Ruler of Spain who sent the Spanish Armada
The great fleet sent from Spain against England by Philip II in 1588. Defeated by English
Famously quoted "L'etat c'est moi". ( I am the State). Puts tons of money into his Versailles Palace
Peter the Great
Travels to Europe, brings back ideas,
gets Russia a warmwater port (St. Petersburg), increases # of serfs.
Catherine the Great
Increases the Size of Russia
the revolution against James II
there was little armed resistance to William and Mary in England although battles were fought in Scotland and Ireland (1688-1689)
English Bill of Rights
Signed by William and Mary
Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars
English mathematician and physicist
A. All men born w/ natural rights life, liberty, property.
B. governments get their power from the people.
C. If you are denied rights= revolt!
Writes on freedom of speech and religion
French philosopher and writer born in Switzerland. A. All people should be equal (no nobility)
B. Man in nature is good
C. Ideal gov't: Direct democracy
Scottish Philosopher who came up with laissez fair theory
Military Genius of France, who later became a dictator and eventually overthrown.
1. First Estate Clergy 1% of pop, 10% of land, 0% of taxes
2. Second estate Nobility 2% of pop, 20% of land, little taxes
3. Third estate Everyone else. All taxed, heavily.
Declaration of the Rights of Man
1. All men born equal, natural rights
2. "liberty, property, security, resistance to oppression"
Congress of Vienna
A. European powers meet to promote stability and peace.
Who? Austria, Prussia, Britain, Russia and France (?)
B. Prince Metternich (Austria) wants to create a "balance of power"
Written by Karl Marx and Frederich Engels.
i. All human history is the struggle for resources.
ii. Resources are limited so there has always been class struggle.
iii. Industry is newest struggle. Owners have won.
(bourgeoisie vs. proletariat)
iv. Only hope for workers=revolt.
v. Can only happen if workers of the world unite.
the social class between the lower and upper classes
Man who came up with the idea of how to unify Italy
Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state
The idea of "survival of the fittest" in humanistic societies
Causes of WW I
Militarism, alliances, imperialism, nationalism
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Archduke of Austria and heir apparent to Francis Joseph I who was shot by a Serbian, partial spark of WW I
A. Two sides separated by "no man's land"
B. Why? Almost all new technology is defensive.
C. Eastern front more traditional, but still massive loss of lives.
Woodrow Wilson's plan for peace for after the war
Treaty of Versailles
Peace conference led by US, France, Italy, and Britain, decide that Germany must take full blame for war
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations
the revolution against the Czarist government which led to the abdication of Nicholas II and the creation of a provisional government in March 1917
Czar Nicholas II
Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed by Bolsheviks after November Revolution (1917)
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR
Totalitarian ruler of USSR. Five year plan and Great purge
a. Britain/Chamberlain uses appeasement
b. Hitler gets his land.
Britain's policy towards Hitler to avoid another war with Germany (fail)
Hitler's Invasion of Poland
Beginning of WW II. Secret Agreement with USSR to split Poland
A. Allies (UK/US/Canada) invade beaches of Normandy, France.
B. Massive casualties, but beach captured.
C. Allied armies will roll toward Germany
Hitler's Final Solution
Genocide of the Jewish people
D. 1935 Nuremberg Laws Jews are not citizens, no interreligious marriage
E. 1938 No Jewish doctors, lawyers. All property registered
an organization of independent states formed in 1945 to promote international peace and security
Eastern European states controlled by USSR
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology
a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate pecefully
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952)
Soviet blocking of Berlin from allies; Causing the Berlin Airlift
an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
An alliance between the Soviet Union and other Eastern European nations. This was in response to the NATO
Built by Germany in 1961 to keep Soviet refugees out of Berlin. The wall was torn down in '89 which helped symbolize the war coming to an end
Soviet statesman and premier who denounced Stalin
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
Relaxation of Cold War tensions
Leader of Soviets after Stalin dies
Rules Yugoslavia after Tito's death. Got in trouble from "ethnic cleansing" of muslims.
Brings reforms to USSR. REduce censorship, religion allowed, complaints allowed.
New policy of openness for USSR
President of the Russian Republic in 1991. Helped end the USSR and force Gorbachev to resign.
The basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999)
Someone who studies how people turn resources into goods and services
A time of peace and prosperity when trade increased between Europe and Asia.
Peninsula in Europe where there's a lot of ethnic tension and conflict
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
world war one global help for test
Final Exam Semester 2 (World War I)
WWI & Russian Revolution
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Unit 6 Glossary
AP World History- Must Know People
The Russian Revolution & China and Japan 1900-1929…
WHAP Fall Semester Review
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Enlightenment Thinkers Practice
WWII & Cold War Stuff You Should Know, G…
Global A: Cold War Part 1
WWII & Cold War Stuff You Should Know