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short melodic or rhythmic idea; the smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-harmonic-rhythmic unit
musical expansion of a theme by varying its melodic outline, harmony, or rhythm.
a short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern that is repeated throughout a work or a section of one.
A three or four movement structure used in Classical era instrumental music-especially the symphony, sonata, concerto and in chamber music, each movement is in a prescribed tempo and form.
The opening movement of the multimovement cycle, consisting of themes that are stated in the first section (exposition), developed in the second section (recapitulation). Also first movement form
Theme and variations
compositional procedure in which a theme is stated and then altered in successive statements, occurs as an independent piece or as a movement of a multimovement cycle
Third section of sonata-allegro form in which the thematic material of the exposition is restated, generally in the tonic
Structure in which musical material, such as a theme, presented in one movement returns in a later movement
minuet and trio
an A-B-A form in a moderate triple meter, often the third movement of the classical multimovement cycle
melody or harmony built from the seven tones of a major or minor scale. Encompasses patterns of seven whole and half notes
- Started to write music before the age of 5
- "Eine kleine Nachtmusik"
- "The Marriage of Figaro"
- Piano Concerto in G major
- Went deaf and still wrote music
- Symphony No. 5
- Piano Sonata in C minor "Moonlight"
solo vocal declamation that follows the inflections of the text, often resulting in a disjunct vocal style
the interweaving of melodic (horizontal) and harmonic (vertical) elements in the musical fabric
element of musical expression relating to the degree of loudness or softness or volume of a sound
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