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80 terms

Music (5,6)

STUDY
PLAY
Themes
melodic idea used as a basic building block in the construction of a composition.
Motives
short melodic or rhythmic idea; the smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-harmonic-rhythmic unit
Thematic development
musical expansion of a theme by varying its melodic outline, harmony, or rhythm.
Ostinatos
a short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern that is repeated throughout a work or a section of one.
absolute music
music that has no literary, dramatic, or pictorial program
multimovement cycle
A three or four movement structure used in Classical era instrumental music-especially the symphony, sonata, concerto and in chamber music, each movement is in a prescribed tempo and form.
sonata-allegro form
The opening movement of the multimovement cycle, consisting of themes that are stated in the first section (exposition), developed in the second section (recapitulation). Also first movement form
3 main sections of sonata-allegro form
1. exposition
2. development
3. recapitulation
First movement
sonata-allegro form
Theme and variations
compositional procedure in which a theme is stated and then altered in successive statements, occurs as an independent piece or as a movement of a multimovement cycle
Exposition
Opening section.
Recapitulation
Third section of sonata-allegro form in which the thematic material of the exposition is restated, generally in the tonic
Cyclical structure
Structure in which musical material, such as a theme, presented in one movement returns in a later movement
Development
structural reshaping of thematic material.
da capo
"from the beginning"
minuet and trio
an A-B-A form in a moderate triple meter, often the third movement of the classical multimovement cycle
rhythmic variation
the procedure in which note lengths, meter, or tempo is altered
harmonic variation
the procedure in which the chords accompanying a melody are replaced by others
coda
the last part of a piece, usually added to a standard form to bring it to a close
Minuet (letter)
A
Trio (letter)
B
The Classical Era
1750-1825
diatonic structure
melody or harmony built from the seven tones of a major or minor scale. Encompasses patterns of seven whole and half notes
Homophonic texture
texture in which all voices, or lines, move together in the same rhythm
Rocket themes
quickly ascending
chamber music
ensemble music for up to about ten players with one player to a part
string quartet
Chamber music ensemble consisting of two violins, viola, and cello.
Mozart
- Austrian
- Saltzburg
- Started to write music before the age of 5
- "Eine kleine Nachtmusik"
- "The Marriage of Figaro"
- Piano Concerto in G major
steamroller effects
drawn out crescendos
Haydn
- Austrian composer
- Symphony No 94 "Surprise"
Beethoven
- Viennese
- Went deaf and still wrote music
- Symphony No. 5
- Piano Sonata in C minor "Moonlight"
Cadenzas
improvised solo passages
pianoforte
original name for the piano
Mass
central service of the roman catholic church
Requiem Mass
Roman catholic mass of the dead
Opera buffa
comic opera
Opera seria
serious opera
aria
lyric song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment, generally expressing emotion
recitative
solo vocal declamation that follows the inflections of the text, often resulting in a disjunct vocal style
Tonic
first note of the scale
Sontato-Allegro form
opening (first movement), longest movement
staccato
dry
third movement
the movement that is called minuet and trio
Movements in a symphony
4 movements
Mozart's last opera
The Magic Flute
trouser roll
women with mans role
(Another name) kettle drum
timpani (another name)
Oboe
double reed (what instrument?)
English horn
an alto oboe
Violin developed
1600-1750
Tempo
rate of speed or pace of music
Crescendo
growing louder
movements in a concerto
3 movements
Melody
the line or tune in music
contour
how a melody moves up and down
Range
a span of pitches in a melody
interval
the distance between any two pitches in a melody
conjunct
a melody that moves in small, connected intervals
disjunct
disjointed or disconnected melody with many leaps
phrase
a unit that makes up a melody
cadences
a resting place where phrases end
rhythm
what moves music forward in time
meter
marked off in measures, organizes the beats in music
harmony
the simultaneous combination of notes and the ensuing relationship of intervals and chords
chord
simultaneous combination of three or more tones that constitute a single block of harmony
texture
the interweaving of melodic (horizontal) and harmonic (vertical) elements in the musical fabric
monophony
single line texture or melody without accompaniment
dynamics
element of musical expression relating to the degree of loudness or softness or volume of a sound
anadante
walking pace
piano
soft
forte
loud
allegro
fast
Mozart
Eine Kleine Nachtmusik
Haydn
Symphony No 94
Beethoven
Symphony No 5 in C minor
Mozart
Piano Concerto in G major
Beethoven
Piano Sonata in C minor
Haydn
Surprise
Beethoven
Moonlight
Mozart
The Marriage of Figaro