melodic idea used as a basic building block in the construction of a composition.
short melodic or rhythmic idea; the smallest fragment of a theme that forms a melodic-harmonic-rhythmic unit
musical expansion of a theme by varying its melodic outline, harmony, or rhythm.
a short melodic, rhythmic, or harmonic pattern that is repeated throughout a work or a section of one.
music that has no literary, dramatic, or pictorial program
A three or four movement structure used in Classical era instrumental music-especially the symphony, sonata, concerto and in chamber music, each movement is in a prescribed tempo and form.
The opening movement of the multimovement cycle, consisting of themes that are stated in the first section (exposition), developed in the second section (recapitulation). Also first movement form
3 main sections of sonata-allegro form
Theme and variations
compositional procedure in which a theme is stated and then altered in successive statements, occurs as an independent piece or as a movement of a multimovement cycle
Third section of sonata-allegro form in which the thematic material of the exposition is restated, generally in the tonic
Structure in which musical material, such as a theme, presented in one movement returns in a later movement
structural reshaping of thematic material.
"from the beginning"
minuet and trio
an A-B-A form in a moderate triple meter, often the third movement of the classical multimovement cycle
the procedure in which note lengths, meter, or tempo is altered
the procedure in which the chords accompanying a melody are replaced by others
the last part of a piece, usually added to a standard form to bring it to a close
The Classical Era
melody or harmony built from the seven tones of a major or minor scale. Encompasses patterns of seven whole and half notes
texture in which all voices, or lines, move together in the same rhythm
ensemble music for up to about ten players with one player to a part
Chamber music ensemble consisting of two violins, viola, and cello.
- Started to write music before the age of 5
- "Eine kleine Nachtmusik"
- "The Marriage of Figaro"
- Piano Concerto in G major
drawn out crescendos
- Austrian composer
- Symphony No 94 "Surprise"
- Went deaf and still wrote music
- Symphony No. 5
- Piano Sonata in C minor "Moonlight"
improvised solo passages
original name for the piano
central service of the roman catholic church
Roman catholic mass of the dead
lyric song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment, generally expressing emotion
solo vocal declamation that follows the inflections of the text, often resulting in a disjunct vocal style
first note of the scale
opening (first movement), longest movement
the movement that is called minuet and trio
Movements in a symphony
Mozart's last opera
The Magic Flute
women with mans role
(Another name) kettle drum
timpani (another name)
double reed (what instrument?)
an alto oboe
rate of speed or pace of music
movements in a concerto
the line or tune in music
how a melody moves up and down
a span of pitches in a melody
the distance between any two pitches in a melody
a melody that moves in small, connected intervals
disjointed or disconnected melody with many leaps
a unit that makes up a melody
a resting place where phrases end
what moves music forward in time
marked off in measures, organizes the beats in music
the simultaneous combination of notes and the ensuing relationship of intervals and chords
simultaneous combination of three or more tones that constitute a single block of harmony
the interweaving of melodic (horizontal) and harmonic (vertical) elements in the musical fabric
single line texture or melody without accompaniment
element of musical expression relating to the degree of loudness or softness or volume of a sound
Eine Kleine Nachtmusik
Symphony No 94
Symphony No 5 in C minor
Piano Concerto in G major
Piano Sonata in C minor
The Marriage of Figaro