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58 terms

Art app midterm

STUDY
PLAY
subject matter
the specific idea of artwork, "what"
form
the total appearance and organization of the physical and formal qualities of an artwork, "how"
elements (formal)
that which makes up an artwork. line, value and light, color, shape, space, texture, volume and mass, time, and motion
medium, media
traditional and nontraditional materials used to make art, such as charcoal, paint, clay, bronze, video, or computers
aesthetics
a branch of western philosophies that is concerned with the meaning of beauty
craft
a category of art that requires special manual skills and is often functional in origin
naturalism
repeated elements that resemble each other, but are not exactly alike
abstraction
visual imagery in art that does not copy reality
non objective
artwork that has no imagery that resembles the natural world
trompe l'oeil
fool the eye
hatching
the placing of lines side by side to create values and tones
subtractive method (sculpture)
a technique in which a sculptural material is carved away to produce a form
assemblage
sculptures made from various found objects or prefabricated parts that are put together
performance art
influenced by the "happening," performance art consists of live action events staged as artworks
value
the relationship of lights and darks in a composition
primary colors
in any medium, those colors that, when mixed, produce the largest range of new colors. red, blue, yellow
secondary colors
colors that result when any two primary colors are mixed in a particular medium
cantilever
a structure in architecture that extends or protrudes horizontally beyond its support
picture plane
the flat, 2-D surface of a drawing, a print, or a painting
complimentary colors
hues that are located directly opposite each other on the color wheel
camera obscura
image that gets flipped upside down. first precursor to the camera
geometric shapes
shapes based on mathematical concepts, such as the circle, square, or rectangle
analogous colors
colors that are close to each other on the color wheel
daguerreotype
a photographic process invented in the nineteenth century for fixing an image on a silver coated metal plate
applied art
art that is created for use
picture frame
outside edge of picture plane
arch
a curved structure made of stone or brick that supports weight over an opening
arcade
a line of arches placed side by side on piers or columns that may be freestanding or attached to a wall
voussoir
wedge shaped stone used to build an arch or a vault
alienated eye
looking at things form a diff perspective
decorative (space)
pictorial space in a 2-D work that remains true to the picture plane and shows very little depth
barrel vault
a single arch extended in depth from front to back, forming a tunnel like structure
groin vault
formed with two barrel vaults positioned at a 90-degree angles so as to cross or intersect one another
ribbed vault
variation of the groin vaulting system in which arches diagonally cross over the groin vault forming skeletal ribs
contour line
the outline of a shape
bas relief
sculpture that is partly projecting from a flat surface, when the sculptural form is at least half round of less
chiaroscuro
in drawing, the use of various tones to create the illusion of volume
installation
an art pieve usually of mixed media that is designed for a specific space
buttressing
a mass of brick or stone that supports a wall or an arch
flying buttress
a buttress placed some distance from the structure it is supporting and it is connected to the main structure with an arch
simulated texture
texture rendered in a composition to look like the actual or natural texture
actual texture
surface qualities that exist in reality and can be felt
achromatic value
without color, consisting old of grays
chromatic value
brightness of dullness of a hue, intensity
shade
the addition of black to a hue
etching
the creating of lines or areas on glass or a metal plate, using acid that eats into the exposed surface but leaves coated, protected areas unchanged
silk screen
a printmaking technique in which ink is applied to a stencil that has been temporarily adhered to a trenched cloth
warm colors
generally reds, oranges, and yellows
cool colors
generally blues, greens, and purples
optical mixing
placing two colors in small dots side by side causing the eyes to mix the colors
modernism
a period of western art, primarily in the 20th century, during which innovation and self critical practice were emphasized
split compliment
colors on either side of a colors compliment
greek orders
specifically designed columns with standardized proportions & ornamentation
classicism
look at other art relating to Roman modernism
pictoralism
taking pictures that look like paintings
ready made
taking objects and putting them together to form art
tintypes
photos mass produced out of tin
simultaneous contrast
two colors side by side and being able to see the differences