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36 terms

Endocrine Lab - Hormones

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Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
Releasing organ: Hypothalamus
Target organ/cell: Anterior pituitary
Physiologic action: Stimulates release of TSH
Identify the, Releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)
Releasing organ: Hypothalamus
Target organ/cell: Anterior pituitary
Physiologic action: stimulates release of ACTH
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of prolactin-releasing hormone (PRH)
Releasing organ: Hypothalamus
Target organ/cell: Anterior pituitary
Physiologic action: stimulates release of prolactin hormone
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
Releasing organ: Hypothalamus
Target organ/cell: Anterior pituitary
Physiologic action: Stimulates release of FSH in females and LH in males
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of growth hormone releasing hormone (GHRH)
Releasing organ: Hypothalamus
Target organ/cell: Anterior pituitary
Physiologic action: stimulates release of growth hormone
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of prolactin-inhibiting hormone (PIH)
Releasing organ: Hypothalamus
Target organ/cell: Anterior pituitary
Physiologic action: inhibits release of prolactin hormone
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of growth hormone inhibiting hormone (GHIH)
Releasing organ: Hypothalamus
Target organ/cell: Anterior pituitary
Physiologic action: inhibits release of GH
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of adrenocorticotropic hormone
Releasing organ: Anterior pituitary
Target organ/cell: Adrenal cortex
Secreting cell: corticotropes
Physiologic action: triggers release of cortisol hormone
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)
Releasing organ: Anterior pituitary
Target organ/cell: Gonads
Secreting cell: gonadotropes
Physiologic action: triggers release of estrogen and progesterone in females
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of lutenizing hormone (LH)
Releasing organ: Anterior pituitary
Target organ/cell: Gonads
Secreting cell: gonadotropes
Physiologic action: triggers release of testosterone
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of prolactin (PRL)
Releasing organ: Anterior pituitary
Target organ/cell: mammary glands
Secreting cell: lactotropes
Physiologic action: stimulates milk production
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
Releasing organ: Anterior pituitary
Target organ/cell: thyroid gland
Secreting cell: thyrotropes
Physiologic action: stimulates release of thyroid hormone (T3, T4)
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of growth hormone (GH)
Releasing organ: Anterior pituitary
Target organ/cell: liver, skeletal muscle, bone, fat
Secreting cell: somatotropes
Physiologic action: triggers release of insulin-like growth factors
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
Releasing organ: Posterior pituitary
Target organ/cell: Kidneys
Secreting cell: supraoptic nuclei
Physiologic action: increase blood volume/blood pressure
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of oxytocin (OT)
Releasing organ: Posterior pituitary
Target organ/cell: uterus, mammary glands
Secreting cell: paraventricular nuclei
Physiologic action: stimulate uterine contractions during labor, promotes milk production
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of thyroid hormone (TH, T3, T4)
Releasing organ: thyroid
Target organ/cell: every cell in body
Secreting cell: follicular cells
Physiologic action: stimulates increase basal metabolic rate
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell, cell that secretes the hormone and the physiologic action on the target cell of calcitonin
Releasing organ: Thyroid
Target organ/cell: osteoclasts (inhibit them)
Secreting cell: C cells
Physiologic action: inhibit bone resorption and promote bone formation, lowers blood Ca++ levels
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of parathyroid hormone (PTH)
Releasing organ: parathyroid hormone
Target organ/cell: osteoclasts (excites them)
Physiologic action: stimulate bone resorption, raises blood Ca++ levels
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of aldosterone (mineralocorticoids)
Releasing organ: Adrenal cortex
Target organ/cell: kidneys
Physiologic action: regulates body's electrolyte balance
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of cortisol (glucocorticoids)
Releasing organ: Adrenal cortex
Target organ/cell: liver
Physiologic action: regulate metabolism of glucose and other organic fuels
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of DHEA (androgens)
Releasing organ: Adrenal cortex
Target organ/cell: reproductive organs
Physiologic action: stimulate growth of pubic and axillary hair, development of sweat glands and promote sex drive
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of epinephrine, norepinephrine, and dopamine
Releasing organ: Adrenal medulla
Target organ/cell: most cells of body
Physiologic action: increasing blood glucose (sugar) concentration, prepare body for flight mode
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of melatonin
Releasing organ: Pineal gland
Target organ/cell: most cells of body
Physiologic action: regulate sleep cycles and establish the "biological clock"
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of thymosin and thymopoietin
Releasing organ: thymus
Target organ/cell:
Physiologic action: stimulate the maturation and development of T cells
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of glucagon
Releasing organ: pancreas
Target organ/cell: liver cells
Physiologic action: release glucose into the bloodstream (raise blood sugar)
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of insulin
Releasing organ: pancreas
Target organ/cell: liver and skeletal muscles
Physiologic action: promotes utilization and storage of glucose
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of somatostatin
Releasing organ: pancreas
Target organ/cell: small intestines
Physiologic action: slowing intestinal absorption of nutrients
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of pancreatic polypeptide
Releasing organ: pancreas
Target organ/cell:
Physiologic action: inhibits secretion of somatostatin
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of testosterone
Releasing organ: testes
Target organ/cell:
Physiologic action: promotes development of male secondary sex characteristics
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of inhibin
Releasing organ: testes, ovaries
Target organ/cell: anterior pituitary
Physiologic action: inhibit FSH secretion
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of estrogen
Releasing organ: ovaries
Target organ/cell: uterus, mammary glands
Physiologic action: promotes development of a primary follicle and maturation of the egg prior to ovulation
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of progesterone
Releasing organ: ovaries
Target organ/cell: mammary glands
Physiologic action: prepares uterus for implantation of a fertilized ovum
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of erythropoietin (EPO)
Releasing organ: Kidneys
Target organ/cell: bone marrow
Physiologic action: stimulates increased production of RBCs
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of calcitriol
Releasing organ: Kidneys
Target organ/cell: intestines
Physiologic action: increases intestinal absorption of Ca++, increased Ca++ levels
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of Angiotensin II
Releasing organ: lungs
Target organ/cell: adrenal cortex
Physiologic action: stimulates secretion of aldosterone
Identify the releasing organ, target organ/cell and the physiologic action on the target cell of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP)
Releasing organ: heart
Target organ/cell:
Physiologic action: lower blood volume and blood
pressure