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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
Western Civilization Quiz 7
Terms in this set (44)
Merovingian Peripatetic Court
A king moving around a lot. These people were leaders of dukes and counts.
Supporters of Alee.
Follows Muhammed's Practice. Elected a colleague from the Uhmayyad clan and becomes dynastic.
Becomes dynastic. Very successful. Pushed Byzantine Empire north. Crushed barbarian tribe.
Nicknamed "Charles the Hammer." pushes muslim armies back from french borders at the battle of Poitiers in 732. Charles is the "mayor of the Palace" in the Merovingian Court. His son is Pippen III.
Mayor of the Palace
The hinge of the merovingians and the carolingians. Was a man named Pippen III. The name of the principal palace official that became the real power behind the throne; his authority extended over financial, military & administrative functions of the government.
Displaces the Merovingian kings in 752 thus beginning the Carolingian dynasty. He is succeeded in making his office into a hereditary position. He outshined the Merovingian King. Was of a leveraged status. Want's to dispose of the Merovingian king and be king of the Franks and ends up doing it and making a declaration. Zacharias ends up taking holy oil and putting it on his hands and annoints him King of the Franks which is the start of the Carolingian Empire. Grandson of him inherited the office of the "Mayor of the Palace." Who is Charles Martel.
Reigned from 768-814. Son of Pippen III. King of the Franks. Charles the Great. Succeeded his father Pippen the III. Spends his entire reign expanding territory. He basically took all of Europe except for Britain, Scandinavia, and Spain. Overtook and Christianized what we call Germany. Would hold enormous forced baptisms. The regional and local rulers would execute his laws and collect taxes, and maintain order, and maintain passable roads. Famous event in 800 was crowned Holy Roman Emperor on Christmas Day. This was the birth of the Roman Empire. Orders cathedrals to establish schools to teach boys to read and write in Latin.
Louis the Pious, 843
His sons fought among Charlemagne's reign. Charlemagne's three sons agreed to the Treaty of Verdun in 843. Received the empire after Charlemagne's death.
Treaty of Verdun
843 Treaty that ended power struggle of Charlemagne's 3 sons after his death and split Franks into 3 kingdoms. Charles the Bald receives the west, rogar receives the middle part, and Lewis received the East. Would draw major political lines in Europe that would exist to this day.
Scandinavians who traveled by rivers and seas attacking and pillaging towns in Europe. Barbarians up at the far North. Land from Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. Was a destabilizing factor in age following the breakdown of Charlemagne's empire.
The political system of the Middle Ages.
Mounted soldiers. Pretty high in rank.
A piece of land granted by a feudal lord to a vassal in return for his service and loyalty.
A warrior or knight who swore loyalty and service to a noble in exchange for land, protection, and support.
Secular clergy vs. regular clergy
Regular clergy take religious vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience and follow the rule of life of the institute to which they belong, where as Secular clergy do not take vows, and they live in the world at large (secularity) rather than at a religious institute. Also means age of the world.
A hermit; one who lives in seclusion from society. Desert fathers and desert mothers.
Type of monastic living where monks live in a community with a guiding Abbot. Established by St. Pachomius. They eat together. They are more famous.
Established pattern of life (how much prayer, how much work, who does what in the monastery). The codes of daily life and spiritual development. Example, the Benedict Rule (his rule was pray and work).
They live alone. They would wander out into the desert. They would eat very little. Would spend their days in silent prayer.
5 Major Electors
Elects who will be emperor. Always chooses from the same family.
Head of a monastery. Group of monks. Hebrew word for father.
Outline of how the monastic rule will live. Outlines how monks relate to each other. Rules that develop monastic communities and balance.
This is where we get the word religious from. Those who live according to a rule.
New members becoming monks. Parents end up giving children to monasteries because it may be a better life.
Series of active reforming popes in the 11th Century working to end Simony (praying for church offices), The end of Clerical Marriage, and the end to lay investiture.
Practice of nobles appointing and ceremonially investing bishops. Nobles are buying up church authority. Who has authority over whome. Tension between emperor Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII.
Clergy are not allowed to get married.
Praying for church offices. As well as buying and selling church offices.
Holy Roman Empire
Loose federation of mostly German states and principalities, headed by an emperor elected by the princes. Been divided up into dozens of principalities.
Higher middle ages
Marks intense increase in stability and organization
Later middle ages
Is a period of decline
Early Middle Ages
Known as the dark ages. Brought on monasticism.
Pope Gregory VII
Reigned from 1073-1085. Tried making significant changes in Western European life. Gets into a controversy with a main noble the Holy Roman Empire Henry the IV. One of the great reforming popes. Decided that popes, not kings or emperors, should guide Christendom. Died in exile after his mercenaries devastated Rome and the outraged citizens forced him out.
Emperor Henry IV
Reigned from 1056-1105. Crowned 1054 of Germany, became Holy Roman emperor (later). Holy Roman Emperor who had a power struggle with Gregory VII.
Concordat of Worms (1122)
Settled issue of lay investiture.
Writing rooms for the copying of manuscripts in medieval monasteries.
The practice or state of being married to one person at a time.
A family group consisting only of a father, a mother, and one or more children.
The practice whereby a lord's greatest vassals subdivided their fiefs and had vassals of their own, who in turn subdivided their fiefs, and so on down to simple knights, whose fiefs were too small to subdivide.
An agricultural estate operated by a lord and worked by peasants who performed labor services and paid various rents and fees to the lord in exchange for protection and sustenance.
A peasant who is bound to the land and obliged to provide labor services and pay various rents and fees to the lord; considered unfree but not a slave because serfs could not be bought and sold.
The part of a manor retained under the direct control of the lord and worked by the serfs as part of their labor services.
A portion of one's harvest or income, paid by medieval peasants to the village church.
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