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147 terms

Cardiovascular System

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angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
arter/o, arteri/o
artery
ather/o
yellowish plaque
atri/o
atrium
brachi/o
arm
cardi/o, coron/o
heart
cholester/o
cholesterol
cyan/o
blue
isch/o
blockage
myx/o
mucus
ox/o
oxygen
pericardi/o
pericardium
capn/o
carbon dioxide
phleb/o
vein
sphygm/o
pulse
steth/o
chest
thromb/o
clot
therm/o
heat
valvul/o, vas/o, vascul/o
vascular
ven/o, ven/i
vein
ventricul/o
ventricle
-constriction
narrowing
-crit
to separate
-dilation
widening, expanding, streching
-emia
blood condition
-megaly
enlargement
-sclerosis
hardening
peri-
surrounding
inter-
between
intra-
within
de-
lack of
ac-
pertaining to
apheresis
blood drawn, components removed, serum returned to body
epicardium
outer covering of heart
pericardium
Double walled membrane of heart, visceral and parietal layers with fluid between
myocardium
middle, thick layer of heart
endocardium
inner layer of heart
arteries
take oxygenated blood away from heart, to body
veins
bring deoxygenated blood toward heart
capillaries
smallest vessels, point of gas and nutrient exchange
lumen
inside of vessel, opening
patent
open lumen,
occluded
closed, blocked lumen
aneurysm
ballooning out of vessel wall
abdominal aortic aneurysm
AAA, in descending aorta, very common form of aneurysm
microaneurysm
aneurysm in brain
ateriosclerosis
hardening of arteries
peripheral arterial occlusive diease
PAD, blood blockages in arteries of arms and legs, plaque buildup
intermittent claudication
form of PAD, excessive pain from lack of oxygen in legs, pain comes and goes
raynaud's phenomenon
form of PAD, cold hands and feet, extremities change colors
chronic venous insufficiency
thickening ankles and discoloration
pitting
test, poke finger in ankle/skin and check if indentation remains
phlebitis
inflammation of vein
varicose veins
(singular = varix), swollen veins, backflow of blood, treat with compression stockings or sclerotherapy
sclerotherapy
harden vein and take out of body
thrombus
clots plants in vessel
thombotic occlusion
block in lumen, kills tissue
deep vein thrombosis
DVT, clot deep inside veins (legs), from sitting in one place for a long long time
embolus
something inserted like plaque, air or fat
leaflets
tissue that make up valves
systematic circulation
blood goes out to body systems
pulmonary circulation
blood to lungs, pick up oxygen
perfusion
when tissues receive oxygen
cyanosis
blue skin, extremities don't get enough oxygen
SVC
superior vena cava
IVC
inferior vena cava
tricuspid valve
between right atrium and ventricle
pulmonary valve
between right ventricle and pulmonary artery
mitral valve
between left atrium and ventricle
aortic valve
between left ventricle and aorta
diastole
heart relaxation
systole
heart contraction
auscultation
listening
palpation
to touch and feel
lub
close mitral and tricuspid valves
dub
close aortic and pulmonary valves
murmur
abnormal heart sound from improper valve closure
bruit
extra sound on auscultation, from venous or atrial origin
incompetent valves
backwash of blood in mitral valve
competent valves
valves that work properly
vegetations
growths on heart valves, result in RHD, make heart leak
Rheumatic Heart Disease
RHD, sequela of rheumatic fever
sinoatrial node
SA, pacemaker, impulse to start heartbeat
atrioventricular node
AV, sends excited impulse to bundle of his
asystole
absence of contraction
NSR
normal sinus rhythm, normal heartbeat
blood pressure
force of blood on arterial walls
sphygmomanometer
measures bp
dyscrasia
"bad mixing", high blood viscosity
ABGs
arterial blood gases
septicemia
blood poisoning
arrhythmia
abnormal rhythm
atrioventricular block
block between SA and AV nodes, results in bradycardia
palpitation
irregular, rapid heart beat
flutter
rapid, coordinated rhythm, 180-300 bpm
fibrilation
uncoordinated rapid heart beats, 300-500 bpm
SOB
shortness of breath
PAT
paroxysmal atrial tachycardia, abnormal fast heartbeat
ventricular tachycardia
fast ventricle
CAD
coronary artery disease, atherosclerosis,
ACS
acute coronary syndrome, unstable angina pectoris, heart attack
pnea
breathing
myocardial infarction
MI, heart attack
diaphrosis
sweating
CABG
coronary artery bypass grafting, take vessel from another body part and reroute
PCI
percutaneous coronary intervention, or percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA), balloon angioplasty
anastomosis
surgical union of two tubal structures
congestive heart failure
CHF, heart is unable to pump required amount of blood; from high bp, CAD; bring foot swelling, orthopnea, congestion in extremities
orthopnea
straight breathing, unable to lay straight because of too much fluid, need to take diuretics
CoA
Coarctation of Aorta, aorta narrows
PDA
Patent Ductus Arteriosus, ductus arteriosus fails to close after birth
ASD/VSD
Atrial/Ventricular Septal Defects, hole between chambers
tetralogy of Fallot
congenital, low oxygen in blood, lead to cyanosis
cath
catheter
LDL
Low Density Lipoprotein
BBB
Blood Brain Barrier
CVP
Central Venous Pressure
ICD
Implantable Cardioverter-Difibrilator
LVAD
Left Ventricular Assist Device, maintain heart pumping
MVP
Mitral Valve Prolapse, mitral valve cusps into atrium, regurgitation
sphygm/o
pulse
angioma
tumor composed of blood vessels
cardiac catheterization
put catheter in vessel and look around
crepitice
air in tissue
atheroma
deposit of plaque in arterial wall
infarct
lack of blood supply
aneurysm
ballooning of arterial wall
lymphangioma
benign tumor of abnormal lymphatic cells
antiarrhythmic
medication that controls irregular heartbeat
histologist
treats blood and blood forming tissue
hematocytopenia
deficiency of blood cells
lymphadenitis
inflammation of lymph glands
endocarditis
inflammation of inner heart lining, vegetations of mitral valve
dysrhythmia
abnormal variation in heart rhythm
thromboid aneurysm
bulging wall of artery as it expands around clot
cardiomyopathy
disorder of heart muscle
angina
suffocating chest pain associated with CAD
lymphangiogram
x-ray of lymphatic vessels
endarterectomy
excision of thickened interior part of artery to clear blockage from plaque or clot
thrombolytic therapy
medication to dissolve clots
arteriospasm
spasm of artery
arteriolitis
inflammation of arteriole
phleborrhaphy
suture of vein
trans
across
echocardiography
ultrasound assessment of heart
cardiovalvulitis
inflammation of heart and valves