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RID Knowledge Exam Prep - Laws Excluded
Terms in this set (201)
Oral Interpreting Certification: Spoken -to- Visible
Professional Standards Committee
Test of Interpretation
Written Test of knowledge
Conference of Interpreter Trainers
Video Relay Service
Oral Interpreting Certification: Comprehensive
Professional Development Committee
Pidgen Signed English
-Natural blend of ASL and English
-Deaf people used this as a "foreign talk" to communicate with hearing people.
Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf
-Founded in Ball State Teachers College
-5 geographical regions, PA beleongs to region 1
Repeative Strain Injury
Specialist Certificate: Legal
Seeing Essential English
-seperate sign/movement for each "word root"
Self Help for the Hard of Hearing
-later became HLAA
Oral Transliteration Certificate
Special Interest Group
Sibling of Deaf Adult
Standard Practice Papers
-Articulate the consensus of the membership in outlining standard practices and positions on various interpreting roles and issues.
Sign Supported Speech
-English based signing with an attempt to represent English in a manual/visual form. Relying on English lexicon and Syntax
Telecommunications Relay Service
Video Remote Interpreting
World Association of Sign Language Interpreters
Reverse Skills Certificate
NAD (3 levels)
National Association of the Deaf 1880
Conditional Legal Interpreting Permit-Relay
Mexican Sign Language
World Federation of the Deaf
Specialist Certificate: Performing Arts
Communication Access Real-time Translation
ADA (5 tittles)
Americans with Disabilities Act
-mandates "equal access" to the public and private business sectors of a certain size to provide qualified interpreters to Deaf employees,TTY's, etc.
Educational Interpreters and Transliterators of RID
National Testing System
Ethical Practice Committee
Free And Public Education
Hearing Loss Association of America
Federal Communications Commission
-Regulates video relay service interpreters
High Visual Orientation
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
-Established IEP and privded FAPE
-grew from PL 94-142
National Theatre of the Deaf
Language des Signes Francoise
Educational Interpreter Performance Assessment
-PA requires a 3.5 or higher to interpret in K-12
Ethical Practice System
-is a method of enforcing the NAD-RID CPC
-its a multi-level grievance system to be utilized when all personal efforts have been proven unsuccessful
National Association Of Black Interpreters
Puerto Rican Sign Language
Education Sign Skill Evaluation
Interpreter Training Program
Linquistics of Visual English
Individual Education Plan
Least Restrictive Envrionment
La Langue de Signes Qubecoise
Local Test Administrators
Manually Coded English
National Technical Institute of the Deaf
Association of Visual Language Interpreters of Canada
Not Even Related to a Deaf Adult
Individual Family Service Plan
Masters Comprehensive Skills Certificate
American Association of Deaf Blind
Deaf and Hard of Hearing Services
Code of Ethics (behavorial standards)
-interpreters shall not counsil, advise, or interject personal opinons
-the interpreter is an outside professional
-the empowerment of the individual is to be encouraged
Signing Exact English
-2/3 rule (Sound-Meaning-Spelling)
-one sign should be interpreted into one English word
Deaf President Now
-I. King Jordan
Department of Education
American Consortium of Certified Interpreters
Alexander Graham Bell Association of the Deaf
Certificate of Transliteration
Comprehensive Skills Certificate
Associate Continuing Education Tracking
CPC (7 tenets)
Code of Professional Conduct
-Respect for Consumers
-Respect for Colleages
Child of Deaf Adult
American Sign Language Teachers Association
Conceptually Accurate Signed English
-signs related based on the meaning conveyed.
-Certain ASL features are also incorporated to make more visual sense
Minimal Language Competency
Association of Late Deafened Adults
Certified Deaf Interpreter-Provisional
Certificate of Interpreting
Conference of Executives and Administrators of Schools for the Deaf
Certification Maintance Program
Minimal Language Skills
8 handshapes for consonants and 4 positions near the face representing vowels
Hearing Carry Over
Voice Carry Over
IP Relay Service
STS Relay Service
Speech -to- Speech
Education of the Handicapped Act
Educational Interpreting Professional Center
Equal Employment Opportunities Commission
high context culture
-depends on the context to understand the message
-if you dont share the same culture experiences you may not know what is going on in a conversation.
low context culture
-American mainstream culture
-assumed that you have as much shared background and experience
switching between two languages or two modes of communication
describes a noun or pornoun
-taller, fat, healthy, easy, hopeful
conveyed through modifications in the way words are produced.
-facial and body affect markers are used in ASL
-Tone is used in English
is the part of speech that serves to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences.
changing a message from a frozen form in one language to another. Translation is done at first sight.
RID membership categories
When did RID begin evaluating interpreters?
What is a "Call Out" fee?
ex: charge $50 for the first hour and additional hours are $25
Perceptual framework based upon one's personal experiences and cultural kowledge
view of handicap, disabled, less-then, need to be "fixed"
oppressed, powerless, rejected, minorities
dominant group devalues the marginalized group work and intelligence for a long time until accepted.
Negative and positive view of oneself because of societies view
Rhythm of speech with pauses and phraseology and auditory intonation
What are the 7 expansion techniques?
-Role shifting/ 3D space
-Noun-list/ explain by example
-Describe than do
makes a statement by showing the negative and positive sides
Several parts of a possible aspect of something
Ex: ME HAPPY, SMILE, EXCITED, SATISFIED
Ex: CAN'T GO-TO PARTY, CAN'T
people who are "little racist" because of ethnicity, religion, etc
Ex: church-goers/ teachers/ cops
Oppressors/ dominant group
Pathological thinking result in a negative stigma towards Deaf/HH people.
Roles Shifting/ 3D space
Conveys interactions between two or more people and to "set up a scene"
Noun-list/ Explain by example
Ex: Jewelry= RING, EARINGS, NECKLACE, BRACELET
Introductory expansion or "set up" a scene
Ex: end table= YOU KNOW, LIVE ROOM, COUCH, CHAIR, TABLE, CL:next to couch E-N-D- T-A-B-L-E
Describe than do
States what they will do, RS, describes
Ex: clean house: HOUSE CLEAN, RS, SWEEP++, MOP++, VACCUUM++
-They physical location where the interaction occurs
-The personal history each participant brings to the event.
light flickering, coughing, microphone squealing
biological factors that interferes with communication
Ex: illness, hunger, exhaustion
Internal stress, personal judgement about others, random thoughts.
How the meaning conveyed by a word or sentence depends on aspects of the context in which it is used.
-place,social relationship between speaker and hearer, speakers assumptions
Deliberate use of words/signs/phrases that can be interpreted in more than one way inorder to mislead someone
Socailly acceptable terms/phrases in place of blunt ones
Ex: powder room, passed away
Communicate information with out going through a detailed list
normally one on one interactions where one person involed has an "expert" status.
Speaker addresses a large group with almost no interaction.
Fingerspelling each except for the sign AND
-14 sign markers added to signs to more accurately represent English
Blend of two styles of signing
Type 1 Ushers Syndrome
-born with sever-to-profound hearing loss
-typically learn sign language then loose their sight
Type 2 Ushers Syndrome
-born with mild-to-profound hearing loss
-uses speech and speech reading to communicate
Participant Initiated Non-RID Activities
-includes activites interpreters wish to attend but aren't offered by an RID approved sponsor
Document that contains a detailed description of how a formal complaint is filed and the process by which the complaint is ultimately resolved.
Earning RID CEU's
-Sponsor Initiated Study
Pennsylvania Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf 1986
-includes 8 distracts
Pennsylvania Society for the Advancement of the Deaf
Pennsylvania Office for the Deaf and Hard of Hearing
-established in 1986
-Permits us to interpret for some settings but we must
--be a college graduate
--always be with a certified interpreter
--passed the written NIC knowledge exam
--Eligible to take the RID performance test within 5 years of the date of the results letter
The study of the way something is said
-includes intonation, speech rate, use of silence/volume
The study of Social/personal space
They study of body motions
-includes gestures, eye gaze, facial expressions
more than 70% of the worlds population
Acquired habits widely shared by speakers in a particular society influencing speaking and audience that doesn't stranslate into other cultures well without loss of awkwarness.
"Man" =male, adult, human
Two or more words that routinely occur together
Ex: "once upon a time.." "call and response"
Restating of the same information in another way
Allows the listener to know the message was inteded to function as a statement, command, or question.
-the speakers intention (asking, promising, asserting, ordering)
When small parts or the overall meaning is lost.
Importance of the interpreter being faithful to the message
(when including profanities, correcting errors)
Non-Conversation or Paralinguistic elements
Repetition of words or phrases, imcomplete sentences, and words like "uh" "um" & "ah"
Conveys information in the text or speech. supply meaning (nouns and verbs)
-ASL primary uses these/ they are embedded
The scientific study of language
The study of the sound system of language
Is the study of word formation/ smallest meaningful unit.
The study of the way in which sentences are constructed; how sentences relate to each other.
In a two-handed sign, if both hands move, then they will have the same handshape
In a two-handed sign, if each hand has a different handshape, then only the active hand can move.
Passive hand tends to be one of seven basic handshapes
B, A, S, C, O, 1, 5
The actual form of the symbol does not reflect the form of the thin or activity it symbolizes.
The form of the symbol is a picture of some aspect of the thing or activity being symbolized.
Signals that are used to show the relationship between symbols.
Ex: TABLE INDEX-right BOOK CL: B "putting book on table"
In 1817 who founded the first school for the Deaf and what was it called?
-Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet and Laurent Clerc
-Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons- now called the American School for the Deaf (Hartford, Connecticut)
Liddell and Johnson Model
X-Change in the direction of movement
5 Parameters in ASL
Handshape, Location, Movement, Nonmanual markers, Palm Orientation
Stokoe was the first to identify the parts that make up ASL signs.
-He first identified location, handshape, and movement as parts that make up a sign.
Using symbols to represent signs (like the Stokoe system)
Dictionary of American Sign Language
The ways in which the parts of signs interact with each other.
Process of adding a movement segment between two signs.
Eliminates the holds between movements when signs occur in sequence.
Segments of a sign can change places.
A Segment takes on the characteristics of another segment near it.
Ex: I HAVE
Ex: CAT or SIT
Cannot occur as independent units
is the process of repetition
The process of adding bound morphemes to other forms to create new units.
Taking two words (free morphemes) and putting them together.
Ex: sister= GIRL-SAME
Three morphological rules to create compounds in ASL
-First contact rule
-Single sequence rule
-Weak hand anticipation rule
Three phonological rules when signs are produced in sequence and do not result in any changes in meaning.
When fingerspelled words become a signs; "like a word"
Ex: #BACK or #CAR
The function of space
Morphological use of space
Ex: we can show that someone is giving continually or repeatedly by the use of movement and space.
Referential functions of space
Ex: pointing to
Locative function of space
In classifier predicates and locative verbs.
Ex: the car goes up the hill.= CAR CL: 3 "show going upwards"
Ex: cars have identifiable fronts and backs
Absolute frames of reference
Ex: east, west, north, south
Verbs in ASL have 3 main categories
Ex: I LOVE YOU
--reciprocal verbs ex: UNDERSTAND-EACH-OTHER
--locative verbs ex: THROW-right THROW-high
Ex: CAR-DRIVE-UP/ PERSON-WALK-BY
Three main types of Depicting Verbs
-Show where something is in space
-Shows what something looks like, how it is shaped, or how objects are arrranged
Ex: CL: 2H (B) "Flat surface"
-Shows movements or actions.
is the verb, noun, or adjective
Ex: the car LEFT/ the glacier HAS BEEN MELTING/ the boy IS SICK
Linguistic term for verbs or predicates that do not allow objects
Ex: the boy is silly= BOY SILLY
Verbs that do allow objects
Ex: the mother loves the baby= MOTHER LOVES BABY
the car drove by=CAR-DROVE-BY
What are the three types of movement roots?
-Stative descriptive (describes an object)
-Contact root (car-be-located)
What are the seven classifier handshapes
-Whole entity morphemes
-Depth and Width morphemes (pole/tree trunk)
-Extent morphemes (stack of papers)
-Perimeter-shape morphemes (round table)
-On-surface morphemes (groupd of ppl/ cars lines up)
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
RID NIC Written Study Guide
RID NIC Knowledge
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