Poetry Terms

32 terms by sstringer

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a unit of poetry such as a stanza or a line

blank verse

unrhymed iambic pentameter

free verse

poetry free of any restrictions; poetry not tied to a particular pattern

figurative language

language that communicates beyond the literal meaning of the words


giving an animal or inanimate object human qualities or emotions


using extreme exaggeration to make a point


comparing two things using "like" or "as"


comparing two things without using "like" or "as"


concrete details which appeal to the senses so that we can see or sense what is being written about


the attitudes and feelings associated with a word


the literal or dictionary definition of a word


the author's choice of words

rhyme scheme

the pattern in which rhyme sounds occur in a stanza


the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry


the recurrence of a rhythmic pattern in poetry


the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words


the repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem


the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning


a division of a poem based on thought or form


two lines of verse that rhyme a-a


four rhymed lines that can take various forms

heroic couplet

two successive rhyming verses that contain a complete thought within two lines and usually consists of iambic pentameter

narrative poem

a poem that tells a story

lyric poem

a short poem that expresses emotional feelings


a 14 line poem stating the poet's personal feelings


a poem that states a poet's sadness about the death of an important person


a poem in verse that tells a story


a poem of high seriousness written on a variety of topics


a Japanese form of poetry using natural imagery to convey a sense of mystery


a humorous verse of five lines

visual poetry

poetry that depends for its effects largely upon the layout of the words on the page

found poem

a poem that has not been deliberately composed but discovered, by chance, in some other context

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