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32 terms

Poetry Terms

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verse
a unit of poetry such as a stanza or a line
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
free verse
poetry free of any restrictions; poetry not tied to a particular pattern
figurative language
language that communicates beyond the literal meaning of the words
personification
giving an animal or inanimate object human qualities or emotions
hyperbole
using extreme exaggeration to make a point
simile
comparing two things using "like" or "as"
metaphor
comparing two things without using "like" or "as"
imagery
concrete details which appeal to the senses so that we can see or sense what is being written about
connotation
the attitudes and feelings associated with a word
denotation
the literal or dictionary definition of a word
diction
the author's choice of words
rhyme scheme
the pattern in which rhyme sounds occur in a stanza
rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
meter
the recurrence of a rhythmic pattern in poetry
alliteration
the repetition of initial consonant sounds in words
refrain
the repetition of one or more phrases or lines at intervals in a poem
onomatopoeia
the use of a word whose sound suggests its meaning
stanza
a division of a poem based on thought or form
couplet
two lines of verse that rhyme a-a
quatrain
four rhymed lines that can take various forms
heroic couplet
two successive rhyming verses that contain a complete thought within two lines and usually consists of iambic pentameter
narrative poem
a poem that tells a story
lyric poem
a short poem that expresses emotional feelings
sonnet
a 14 line poem stating the poet's personal feelings
elegy
a poem that states a poet's sadness about the death of an important person
ballad
a poem in verse that tells a story
ode
a poem of high seriousness written on a variety of topics
haiku
a Japanese form of poetry using natural imagery to convey a sense of mystery
limerick
a humorous verse of five lines
visual poetry
poetry that depends for its effects largely upon the layout of the words on the page
found poem
a poem that has not been deliberately composed but discovered, by chance, in some other context