Upgrade to remove ads
Greek Civ Exam 2
Terms in this set (48)
Dracon's Law on Homicide
Penalty for involuntary homicide is normally exile, unless victim's family (or phratry members in their absence) come to an agreement with the killer.
Published on axones, four-sided wooden objects which revolved on axles
Play by Aeschylus, "Father of Greek Tragedy"
Athena oversees court of homicide after Orestes kills his mother and argues that she is not "blood kin" to him, but just the "nurse of the implanted seed." Prosecuted by the Furies/Eumenides/Erinyes. First court of homicide is established, Orestes is found not guilty of killing family.
Defines various forms of Greek political systems and how they are affected by the class system (monarchy, aristocracy, constitutional government, tyranny). Laws have to be best for the people they apply to.
Emphasis on importance of the middle class, "what is moderate or middle is best."
Slave naming, slave descriptions, manumission of slaves through sales to Apollo (story of Meda, has to take care of parents, is sold to Apollo and freed)
Life of Aesop
Aesop is a slave, given the gift of eloquent speech from Philoxenia and sold to a slave trader. Is sold to philosopher, uses newfound speech in a series of stories and events (garden, pig feet, wife/dog, tongue, lentil
Hippocrates on Medicine
Knidean: focused on diagnosis
Koan (Hippocratic): general diagnoses and passive treatments
Medicine is not done by chance, like art, not inherently known, medicine as scientific, not superstition and gods, refining food, stripping away disease
Herbal medicine and medicinal substances, kept being added onto for centuries (Romans, Medieval times)
Written by Aristophanes during the Peloponnesian War. A Greek "Old Comedy" about Lysistrata's plan to end the Peloponnesian War by having women go on a sex-strike until the men of Sparta and Athens ended the war. Includes dueling semi-choruses (gender-divided).
Speech given in defense of Euphiletos, who murdered Eratosthenes (his wife's lover). Had to prove killing was not premeditated murder, and present himself as a credible character. Euphiletos appears honest, hard working, and gullible, in short, an ordinary Athenian with whom a jury of other, ordinary Athenians could be expected to sympathize.
Professional speech writers
"Justice," strongly linked to natural world, a "cosmic police force." A balanced system of reciprocity, being straight/good vs. crooked/twisted.
Common Features of Greek Law
Laws carved in stone with new alphabet and displayed in public venues (except Sparta). People defended their own cases, less confident speakers allowed a synegoros (co-speaker). Women did not speak in court, represented by male kurios.
Public humiliation, rooted in religion (Hephaestus catching Aphrodite and Ares committing adulatory and putting them on display for other olympians). Stoning and house-razing also common.
Also means of providing justice, oaths a form of self-curse to guarantee promises. Oaths served as binding contracts, no punishment but viewed as morally wrong to swear a false oath.
Earliest description of legal arbitration
In the Iliad, compensation for homicide
Athens: Solon, resolved dispute between rich and poor
Created democratic jury system and legal action of the graphe (any male citizen could launch a lawsuit in the people's courts)
Sparta: Lyurgus, no written laws
Dike vs. graphe
Dike/dikai: private suit (homicide)
Graphe: public suit
Women in Courts
Usually behind the scenes, for example if son litigates motivated by mothers.
Important in cases of citizenry, both parents must be citizens.
the popular courts in which citizens argued cases before a group of lottery-selected jurors.
A small bronze plate used to identify a citizen of a city, used to choose jury members with a kleroterion
Defendant and prosecutor both give speeches proposing a punishment, jury votes
Loss of political rights/exile, losing one's rights as a citizen
Class vs. status
Class: a person's economic role, can be debatable
Status: a broader concept that may include wealth, but more of a social standing, objectively determinable
3 Statuses in Athens
Citizens (equality among Athenian men, participate in the polis), metics (free non-Athenians, children of only one Athenian paren, could not own property), and slaves (no rights, killing a slave treated as homicide but had to be persecuted by owner)
Homoioi (peers): citizens, equality among each other, no mechanism for acquiring Spartan citizenship
Community-owned helots, slaves
Periokoi (dwellers-around), non-citizens
Pro-Spartan oligarchy established after the Great Peloponnesian War. It lasted only a year.
Chattel slavery vs. helots
Chattel: Absolute legal ownership of another person, including the right to buy or sell that person, most common in Greece
Helots: The enslaved people in Sparta who primarily worked the land, large number were from and located in Spartan conquered Messenia, example of communal slavery
Epigraphic documents recording sale of property confiscated in 414 from men convicted of crimes of impiety
Gathering where men drank together, conversed, and enjoyed themselves usually following a dinner, pretty much a Greek party
Highly sophisticated courtesans in ancient Athens who offered intellectual and musical entertainment as well as sex, may have large amounts of money and lived more or less indepenently
Public slaves who served as a rudimentary police force
Four humors of the body
blood, phlegm, yellow bile, black bile (fire, air, water, earth)
Focused on the underlying cause of the disease, failed due to not knowing about bacteria, blamed it on divine reasons
Focused on treatment of symptoms, was the more effective school
Gender in Greece
Attached to specific social, cultural, and economic roles, displays social construction
Females in Greece
Passive, lacking at self-control, irrational, and submissive
Self-control among men
Sexual relationship between the erastes, or lover (older man) and the prepubescent youth eromenos, or beloved), such relationships had the approval of the boy's father and often brought prestige to the youth and his family
Half man half goat in mythology, thought of when thinking about how not to behave in Greek society, they were known for their excessive appetites and therefore also their lack of self control
Formal dining room in a Greek house reserved for men, the door is off-centered to the room, which was designed for 7 or 11 couches to encircle the wall
A tribe of warrior women located in Scythia near the Black Sea, while often considered to be manufactured by Greek imagination, recent excavations have dug up female burials with weapons of war
Household (physical house, all possessions, land, and occupants). Male citizen as head (kurios)
Renown or glory
Periclean Citizenship Law
Only an Athenian citizen is both parents are also citizens
Poetry sang in praise of victor
4 Panhellenic Games
-Olympic (Olympia): Honored Zeus; Olive Wreath
-Pythian (Delphi): Honored Apollo; Laurel Wreath
-Isthmian (Corinth): Honored Poseidon; Pine Wreath
-Nemean (Nimea): Honored Zeus; Celery Wreath
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Democracy in Athens
Social Studies Quiz 8R
Chapter 8 Test
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Greek Civ Final
Greek Civ Exam 1
Spanish - Realidades 1 - Capítulo 9A
Gov. Chapter 5