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Competency 1 - Instructional Design and Planning
Terms in this set (30)
a word formed from the first initials of a title or phrase
A classification of learning objectives proposed by Benjamin Bloom in 1956. It is used to classify educational goals. The original Bloom's Taxonomy included the following levels: knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. The revised Bloom's Taxonomy describes the levels as Remembering, Understanding, Applying, Analyzing, Evaluating, and Creating.
The two halves of the brain. The left controls the right side of the body and functions primarily as the more academic and logical side of the brain. The right controls the left side of the body and functions primarily as the artistic and creative side of the brain.
A psychologist who is known for his work in cognitive psychology and the cognitive learning theory.
students read together, aloud, and in unison with the teacher to practice fluency
Planning and implementing methods to ensure that the learning environment of the classroom provides an effective venue for learning.
a type of question that requires a student to "converge" on one answer. An example of a convergent question is, What is 4 + 2? Generally, this type of questioning requires lower-level thinking skills.
A student-centered learning approach in which heterogeneously grouped students work cooperatively to accomplish a shared task.
A method of reasoning that requires students to take one or more general statements and then work their way down to a more specific conclusion.
A teaching method in which the teacher provides knowledge by directly presenting it to the students, generally in the format of a lecture.
A type of question that requires critical thinking, since it allows for students to generate multiple answers to a defined question. An example of a divergent question is, What is freedom? Generally, this type of questioning requires higher-order thinking skills.
Goals developed by a teacher, based on state standards, which direct student learning.
A visual tool for organizing knowledge
individual educational program
A written document that is developed through a team effort for each public school child who is eligible for special education and reviewed at least once a year.
Instructional strategies that are tailored to a student's specific learning style.
a method of reasoning that requires students to take specific facts and use them to develop a general conclusion.
The educational goal of a lesson; specifically, what a teacher wants the students to know at the conclusion of a lesson.
The ways in which a student recognizes and process information in the context of an educational setting. They are clearly delineated by the ways in which learners prefer to concentrate, store and remember new and challenging information. The several learning styles are visual, aural, verbal, physical, logical, social and solitary.
A type of teacher-centered direct instruction where the teacher gives information while the students take notes.
lesson cycle model
The way a child prefers to learn. Students may be auditory, visual, kinesthetic or mixed modality learners
A method wherein the teacher reads aloud a book which is above the students' reading level. Students may or may not have a copy of the text with which to follow along. The purpose of modeled reading is to demonstrate a skill or ability such as fluency or a fix-up strategy.
Howard Gardner of Harvard University defined seven distinct intelligences which relate to the learning environment. Multiple intelligences is a theoretical framework for defining, understanding, assessing and developing learner's different intelligence factors. Trough Gardner's research, one can easily see that teachers must create learning environments based on a variety of intelligences.
Students work in pairs, taking turns reading aloud a selection of text in order to build fluency skills. This is commonly called buddy reading.
The process of designing the method of instruction used to teach a learning objective, and the way to assess the mastery of the objective.
Previously acquired knowledge that applies to a current lesson.
a method of student centered learning where the students work individually or cooperatively to solve a problem.
a tool which focuses on imitating the operation of a real-world process or system.
agreed upon values used to measure the quality of student performance, instructional methods, curriculum, etc.
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