US History Chapter 25 "The Cold War"
Terms in this set (25)
What was a result of the Hollywood Ten trial?
Movie executives blacklisted entertainers with alleged communist ties after the hearings
Where did Senator McCarthy first announce that the State Department was infested with communists?
At a campaign rally
What was one place on the globe where the Cold War was "hot" and U.S. soldiers fought and died?
In 1954, after he had worked on developing the atomic bomb, J. Robert Oppenheimer was investigated and denied future access to classified information because
he had friends and family who belonged to the Communist Party
General MacArthur chose what port city for a counterattack against North Korea?
The CIA participated in the Cold War by
carrying out secret operations in other countries.
In China's civil war, the United States backed
the Nationalists, led by Jiang Jieshi.
After President Eisenhower withdrew his offer to fund the Aswan Dam, Egyptian President Nasser
nationalized the Suez Canal.
John Foster Dulles, Eisenhower's secretary of state,
promoted the policy of brinkmanship.
NATO and the Warsaw Pact were examples of
military alliances made for "collective security."
Who first spoke of the "iron curtain"?
How did the American public view General MacArthur after President Truman fired him?
They still saw him as a hero
What impact did the Korean War have on U.S. budgets?
Military spending increased and became a larger proportion of future budgets
Which two countries were members of NATO?
Italy and United Kingdom
Why did the United States send several billion dollars to aid the Nationalists in China?
Because leaders feared that a Nationalist defeat would create a communist superpower
In response to NATO, with whom did the Soviet Union form the Warsaw Pact?
Eastern European nations
Which of the following is a reason for communist victory in China?
The Nationalists were reluctant to fight
In 1950, what event began the conflict on the Korean peninsula?
The North Korean army invaded south of the 38th parallel
What was HUAC responsible for?
Holding hearings about communist ties to the entertainment industry
Which countries remained under Soviet control after the end of World War II?
Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria
What was the Eisenhower Doctrine?
The United States would use force to help any Middle Eastern nation threatened by communism
What led to Senator McCarthy's downfall?
the broadcast of the McCarthy hearings on television
In order to try to gain control over West Berlin, the Soviet Union
set up a total blockade cutting off that section of the city.
One goal of the Marshall Plan was to
make European countries strong enough to start buying American goods.
What happened on September 2, 1949 that caused a sudden change in U.S.-Soviet relations?
The Soviet Union set off an atomic bomb