Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (48)
king alfred the great
defeated the Vikings and divided England between them (thus unifying Southern England); great intellectual and military leader- built schools, encouraged learning and writing in English, and ordered poems from oral tradition to be written; commissioned the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
edward the confessor
(1042-1066) The son of Aethelred the Unready and Emma of Normandy, he is usually regarded as the last king of the House of Wessex. His death launched a fight over the English monarchy between Harald and William the Bastard of Normandy.
A member of a Viking people who raided and then settled in the French province later known as Normandy, and who invaded England in 1066
william the conqueror
duke of Normandy who led the Norman invasion of England and became the first Norman to be King of England
, 1027-1087 Norman king in 1066 he defeated Harold, the Anglo-Saxon king, to become the first Norman king of england
battle of hastings
(1066 CE) The Norman invasion of England; this was the largest battle.,
- the decisive battle in which William the Conqueror (duke of Normandy) defeated the Saxons under Harold II (1066) and thus left England open for the Norman Conquest
230 foot long tapestry • told story of Norman conquest from pro-Norman perspective
, A tapestry that recounts the battle of hastings, A piece of linen about 1 Ft.8 in. Wide by 213 ft.long covered with embroidery representing the incidents of Willam the conqueror's expedition to England.
A record of all the property and holdings in England commissioned by William the Conqueror in 1066 so he could determine the extent of his lands and wealth
ON THE TEST
what was the record of William the conquerors survey of England ?
- Henry the first's daughter, Matilda, married the count of Anjou of France
- In 1154 king henry II (son of matilda) came to the throe, establishing the Plantagenet dynasty this is henry the firsts grandson
The Bureau of finance. Established by Henry the FIrst, becoming the first institution of the governmental bureaucracy of the government of England.
Plantagenet kings first ruled the Kingdom of England in the 12th century. Henry ll, John, Edward l
- IN 1152 Henry II married Eleanor of Aquitaine (gets even more land in France)
- Father family he gets England, also gets land in France from his father England is from his grandfather
common law and jury
(HIS LEGAL REFORMS ARE VERY IMPORTANT ON TEST)
Judge-made law that originated in England from decisions shaped according to prevailing custom. Decisions were applied to similar situations and gradually became common to the nation.
the archbishop of Canterbury, close friend of Henry who later opposed his attempt to bring Church/clergy into royal court system. Murdered by Henry's knights, then declare a saint by the Church
he believes that no member of the clergy should be subject to the laws of England) (the catholic church)
what is shows with the disputes between henry and thomas becket
struggle between church and state is being shown here
Constitution of Clarendon
1164, Henry II thought church was letting official off too easy for crimes, clergy had to be indicted by royal court
, An attack on the clergy by Henry II to make them be under his jurisdiction. King had control over the elections of bishops.
Richard the Lionhearted
Along with phillip II he organized the third crusade(Kings Crusade), the Christians took back acre, muslims kept jerusalem, negotiated a settlement with Saladin to allow Christians access to Jerusalem, Actually perferred Muslim Physicians over Christian ones.,
- An English king who lead the Crusaders in an attempt to regain the Holy Land from Saladin.
What did richard do?
- Bankrupted the treasury of England (ransom and the crusades)
- Richard is captured so now Richards mother has to pay a ransom to get her son the king back by taxing the people
who succeeded richard
- Died without leaving an heir
- Brother John then comes to the thrown
King John I
King of England from AD 1199 to 1216; in 1215, he signed the Magna Carta, giving more right to British nobles.
(1215) a charter of liberties (freedoms) that King John "Lackland" of Englad was forced to sign; it made the king obey the same laws as the citizens of his kingdom
-provided a series of guarantees to the people of England, delimiting what the king could demand.
, (1216-1272) The son of King John, he spent much of his reign fighting the barons and was forced to call the first parliament in 1264. Simon de Montfort led a rebellion and eventually captured him and his son Edward, though Edward eventually escapted and dealt with the rebels.
A body of representatives that makes laws for a nation, Britain's law-making assembly
A large impact of english parlimentary system and government, -formalizes parliament into two house
- called for the "model parliament" he divided the nobles, knights, clergy and burgesses into separate groups
- He was succeeded by Edward II his son
The one reading question is the definition of Unam Sanctam (hint, hint)
A Papal bull, issued by Boniface VIII in 1302. Extreme assertion of papal supremacy. No salvation outside the Roman Catholic Church & "every human creature" was "subject to the Roman pontiff." Creates tension with French king, Philip the Fair. Power issue.
- The bull issued by Pope Boniface VIII in 1302 was known as the Unam Sanctam. It declared that there were two powers on earth, the temporal (earthly) and the spiritual (heavenly). The spiritual power, he said, was always supreme over temporal power. In short, kings must always obey popes.
important date Edward the confessor dies so they need to find a new king
after the Carolingians were dissolved, this was founded by Hugh Capet. It was the beginning of the French monarchy, consolidated by King Louis IX
King Louis VI
louies the fat subdued the most powerful vassals and centralized the institutions of royal power
led second crusade against muslims and failed
Philip II augustus
Defeated the combined armies of king john of England and holy roman emperor at the battle of Bouvines in august 1214
Battle of Bovines
1214- first great european battle; philip II of france versus england (john), flemish, and germans; england (john) loses: money, lives, land lost
Saint Louis IX
became King of France at age twelve and married seven years later. He had 11 children. He was a man of great integrity, was religious, just, respectful to all people, trustworthy, and a man of peace.
Clashed with Boniface VIII to tax clergy
France's traditional national assembly with representatives of the three estates, or classes, in French society: the clergy, nobility, and commoners. The calling of the Estates General in 1789 led to the French Revolution.
The Ottonian dynasty was a dynasty of German Kings (919-1024), named after its first Emperor but also known as the Saxon dynasty after the family's origin. The family itself is also sometimes known as the Liudolfings, after its earliest known member Liudolf and one of its primary leading-names. The Ottonian rulers are also regarded as successors of the Frankish Carolingian dynasty
henry the fowler
Crowned emperor by pope in 962 CE; first emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.
FIST EMPEROR OF HOLEY ROMAN EMPIRE
OTTONIAN DYNASTY ENDED
The Salian dynasty included
Conrad ii, henry III, henry IV, and henry V
Dispute between the popes and the Holy Roman Emperors over who held ultimate authority over bishops in imperial lands.
ignited by HENRY THE FOURTH
a series of Church reforms under Pope Gregory VII
Decree given by Pope St. Gregory VII asserting that the pope possesses specific powers given by God that rested on him alone. These powers included the power to convene and ratify a council, to propound doctrine, and to appoint, transfer, and remove bishops from office. He also claimed that the papacy had the power to depose temporal rulers and subjects of any temporal ruler had the right to appeal to the papacy in order to bring charges against their sovereign.
- Henry IV accused pope Gregory VII of simony
buying their way into offic
rule 12 of dictum pop us
gave the pope the right to depose emperors
The Concordant of worms
conflict between pope and holy roman emperor ( this is the city in Germany)),
resolved that all bishops would be elected and consecrated by church authority
A ceremony in which kings and nobles appointed church officials
- The holy roman emperor comes out the loser in this the pop get to continue to make he decisions on who gets spiritual power
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Ancient and Medieval History Semester 2 Exam Review
World History Chapter 8
History Unit 10
The High and Late Middle Ages
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Exam 1 chapters 1-4 HSC4551
Biology Exam Final
Biology Exam 2
Biology Exam 1