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Terms in this set (20)
By ..... , no more archers were trained by the English Army. They were replaced by muskets.
By the 1640s, ..... of the English Infantry were armed with guns and 33% with ..... .
Between 1500 and 1700, cavalrymen were increasingly armed with ..... . Cavalry were largely drawn from social elites, owing to the large cost of providing a ..... .
While muskets were not initially as accurate as longbows, they had some advantages, such as penetrating steel armour which ..... could not do. In addition, muskets only required ..... ..... , while the longbow took years to perfect
Arrows, Basic Training
There were problems with the initial ..... ..... . Their effective range was ..... metres, the long reload time meant that only one shot every 2-3 minutes was possible and was difficult to keep the smouldering cord alight in rain. Furthermore, the burning ..... meant that it could not be used discreetly
Matchlock Musket, 100, Cord
The ..... bayonet was first issued to British troops in 1663. All troops were using the socket bayonet by ..... .
While 33% of English soldiers used the Pike in the 1640s, by ..... they had been completely phased out in favour of bayonets.
By 1645, body armour had been reduced to a mere '..... ..... .....', as armour limited mobility and could give no protection against shot.
Back and Breast
The Dutch ...... was developed in the 1590s, where musketeers formed in squares.
Cromwell's New Model Army of 1645 was a turning point in terms of introducing a ..... ..... standing army, funded and provisioned by national and centralised Parliamentary taxation. The idea of a permanent standing army was retained by King Charles II in ...... and has been ever since
Permanent Peacetime, 1660
Cromwell's Self-Denying Ordinance of ..... decreed that only men with the competencies necessary to be a Captain in the Army could be. However, the idea of promoting to higher ranks on the basis merit-only did not last long. By the 1700s, the purchase of ..... for Officers was widespread.
There were ..... in methods of recruitment between 1500 and 1700. ..... ..... ..... continued to be sent to the counties to assist in the muster of local civilian men for the armies.
Continuities Commissioners of Array
In 1500, England raised an army only when it was at ..... . By 1700, the army was professional and full-time.
During the English Civil War, villagers of the town of Myddle were burdened by ..... (forcible taking) of foodstuffs, which was typical at the time. Civilians were also expected to provide quarter (accommodation) in their homes, known as ..... . While civilians were supposed to receive compensation, payment for quarter provided to troops with 'free quarter tickets was sometimes never made by the authorities.
..... of the British population were casualties during the English Civil War (180,000).
Civilians received some news about war through ..... , which was used by both Royalists and Parliamentarians to win support for their respective cause.
At the Battle of Naseby in 1645, Cromwell was able to charge with his '..... .....', then ..... and charge again. In contrast, the Royalist cavalry of Rupert of the Rhine did not have the same ..... .
Iron Side, Rally, Discipline
..... did not play a significant role at the Battle of Naseby 1645 because the fighting was 'close-quarter' combat.
At the Battle of Naseby in 1645, Cromwell's presence boosted the ..... of his men. His fanatical 'Puritan' convictions and belief in the righteousness of his cause contributed to his personal bravery and determination as a commander. Cromwell's Puritan version of Protestant Christianity created a steely sense of ..... in battle, which motivated not just him but also his troops.
While Oliver Cromwell's role at the Battle of Naseby in 1645 was significant, he had the advantage of being supported by an able Infantry Commander, Sir ..... ..... .
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