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Preclinic Homework chapters 22-24
Terms in this set (52)
If patinet has a lot of cavities what are some things to talk about with the patient?
Reduced sugars, diet, fluoride treatment
Pits and fissures on permanent teeth can be U-shaped, V-shaped, Y-shaped, or Y2-shaped. Sealants are more effective on Y-shaped and Y2-shaped fissures than U-shaped or V-shaped fissures.
The first statement is true; the second is false.
During a risk assessment, which factors are indications for sealant placement?
1) Patient's salivary flow
2) Patient's tooth anatomy
4) Patient's caries risk
Identify the materials that are added to sealants to increase durability and make them more resistant to wear.
Which of the following statements regarding four-handed delivery technique sealant placement is correct?
Hygienists should be able to place sealants both independently and with an assistant.
How do sealants attach to the tooth surface?
Identify the equipment/material that provides the best isolation.
From the following list, select the essential items needed for sealant placement.
All of the following are correct as related to the permucosal seal except for one. Which one is the exception?
The adjacent connective tissue contains more fibroblasts.
The supporting teeth in a fixed bridge are termed:
A fixed bridge designed to replace two missing teeth is called a:
Choose the best definition of osseointegration.
Direct biological attachment of living bone to a titanium implant surface without any intervening soft tissue.
Dry, cracked epithelium at the corners of the mouth is a condition known as:
Implant configurations are:
2) Ball shaped
3) Straight and conical
What are the risks to not replacing a functioning tooth?
2) Migration of the opposing and adjacent teeth.
3) Loss of alveolar bone due to lack of occlusal forces.
List the key points for educating a patient with a removable oral prosthesis.
Patient should be advised to inspect the soft tissues for sore spots or other changes
Food debris that is left after eating can lead to oral maloder
The patient should be instructed that the tissue under the denture can become infected w/ candida albicans if not properly removed
The patient should be instructed to rinse after eating to remove any food debris
Patient should be advised to use soft toothbrush to clean tissues, cheeks and tongue
The dental hygienist should evaluate the abutment connection for:
mobility of abutment teeth
margins of restorations
What is a common problem associated with full dentures?
fungal infections are common in full upper dentures
The type of prostheses supported by retained natural roots or dental implants is called a(an):
Titanium or gold-dipped instruments should be used for calculus removal on dental implants because the calculus that forms on dental implants is harder and more tenacious.
The statement is correct; the reason is incorrect.
The portion of the implant that is screwed or tapped into the prepared bone is the:
Choose the factors that can contribute to denture stomatitis.
1) Allergic stimuli
Which of the following is not a recommendation for daily prosthesis care?
Rinse with hot water.
The part of the endosteal implant that is located subgingivally within the peri-implant crevice is:
2) Chlorhexidine gluconate is useful during the postsurgical healing phase.
3) Radiographic interpretation can be used to assess the success or failure of an implant.
Select the type of dental implant that is placed into the alveolar bone of the mandible or maxilla.
Choose the statement that best describes an obturator.
It is designed to close a defect.
Peri-implant mucositis is an inflammatory reaction in the hard and soft tissues. Peri-implantitis is a reversible, inflammatory reaction.
Both statements are incorrect.
This condition most likely occurred because the patient:
Wears a fixed prosthetic
This patient most likely:
3) Suffers from traumatic lesions
4) Suffers with opportunistic fungal infections
Standing is the ideal position for the clinician when treating the maxillary arch. The dental hygienist can vary his/her posture by sitting while treating the mandibular arch
Both statements are incorrect.
Identify the most important operatory/office exercise.
Navel in and up
When selecting hand instruments that will be used for extended periods of time, the handles that are the least beneficial are:
Smaller or thinner handles
Leaning forward toward a patient can lead to:
1) Shortening and tightening of the muscles on the front of the body.
2) Weakening and elongation of the muscles on the back of the body.
3) Impaired breathing.
Choose the best definition for dynamic sitting.
Alternating between half standing and sitting
Select the best solution for trunk twisting.
Use chair castors to allow for easier turning
Choose the term for the scientific discipline of interactions among humans and other elements that optimize human well-being and overall system performances.
Which condition can lead to a lazy or clumsy hand?
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Identify the incorrect statement related to anterior version pelvic position.
Wrists should be slightly higher than the elbows.
When treating the maxillary arch, the patient's occlusal plane should be parallel to the floor. For treatment of the mandibular arch, the patient's occlusal plane should be positioned perpendicular to the floor.
Both statements are false.
Almost every syndrome or condition stems from:
The ilium should be positioned forward of the ischial tuberosities. This allows the dental hygienist to sit up with the coccyx positioned back.
Both statements are correct.
To open the pelvis, the dental hygienist can:
2) Increase the chair height
3) Keep the hips slightly higher than the knees
To keep the hips in anteversion, the angle of the hips needs to be between:
110° to 130°
To prevent hand problems it is recommended that the dental hygienist choose:
Vary handle size
All of the following are correct descriptions of loupes except for one. Which one is the exception?
They decrease field size.
Identify the unhealthy working position/posture.
Trunk laterally flexed
Applying sound ergonomic principles in a dental operatory could prevent most musculoskeletal disorders. Sitting during all procedures is one sound ergonomic suggestion.
the first statement is true and the second is false
To sit in an anteverted pelvic position:
tilt the pelvis forward slightly, lift the spine up, and slightly contract the muscles at the front upper ribs
Benefits of stretching could include:
increased range of motion
improved blood flow
An excellent postural exercise to do anytime of the day is:
navel in and up
One of the most important exercises for the seated professional is:
the Ill-E-O-SO-As stretch
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