copying the code from DNA onto mRNA
three mRNA nucleotides that code for a specific amino acid
process by which a ribosome uses the code on mRNA to make proteins
DNA that is coiled around proteins
building block of a protein
type of RNA that carries instructions from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome
chain of amino acids
process in which DNA is duplicated
type of RNA that makes up part of the ribosome
a change or error in the DNA sequence
type of RNA that carries amino acids to the ribosome
nucleic acid that transmits hereditary information
section of DNA that codes for a protein
tightly coiled chromatin; visible during cell division
change in a single nucleotide
mutation that shifts the "reading" frame of the genetic message by inserting or deleting a nucleotide
physical characteristics of an organism due to proteins
protein that speeds up chemical reactions
biological macromolecule that stores genetic information; made of nucleotides
organic molecule that makes up cell structures and controls chemical reactions
twisted ladder shape of DNA
building block of a nucleic acid
5-carbon sugar in DNA
5-carbon sugar in RNA
principle that bonds in DNA can form only between A and T, and C and G
cell structure that makes proteins
enzyme involved in DNA replication that joins individual nucleotides to produce a DNA molecule
enzyme that unwinds the double helix of DNA and separates the DNA strands in preparation for DNA replication
type of bond that holds two strands of DNA together (between nitrogen bases)
part of a nucleotide (A, T, C, G, U) that makes the code
%A=%T; %G=%C in DNA
strand of DNA whose sequence of bases can pair another DNA strand
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