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Terms in this set (11)
A normally dry land area that is susceptible to being inundated by water from any natural source.
This area is usually low land adjacent to a river, stream, watercourse, ocean or lake.
An area that could get flooded due to rising water after a storm.
The uppermost zone of water saturation in the ground.
How high the water in the ground rises can affect what foundation is used or what programmatic elements you can place below ground.
Impervious Surface Area
Area that has been sealed and does not allow water to infiltrate, such as roofs, plaza streets, and other hard surfaces. Contributes to runoff
Environment characterized by shallow or fluctuating water levels and abundant aquatic and marsh plants. Includes marshes, swamps, bayous, bogs, fens, sloughs, and ponds.
Domestic wastewater composed of water from the kitchen, bathroom, and laundry sinks, tubs, and washers. Does not include human wastewater with fecal material.
Surface streams that appear after precipitation and irrigation. A lost resource and contributor to non-point source pollution.
Protects a building by making it watertight and reducing the possibility that a building will be inundated with water.
Dry Flood-Proofing Protection Measures
Continuously impermeable walls
Patch non-required openings
Internal drainage and sump pumps
Protects a building by modifying the interior so that flood waters that do enter the building cause minimal damage. Does not attempt to stop water from getting in.
Wet Flood-Proofing Protection Measures
Raise utilities and important systems above the predicted flood level
Install flood openings to equalize hydro-static pressure
Install pumps to remove water after flooding
A flood that has a 1% chance of occurring in any given year. Also known as the Base Flood, per FEMA
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