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texas govt test 2
Terms in this set (46)
the process by which people gain their political attitudes and opinions
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
The smallest unit of election administration; a voting district
A gathering of citizens within a precinct- where people vote- who voted in the party's primary
county executive committee
Committee made up of a county chair and all precinct chairs in the county; serves as the official organization for the party in each county
the county party official who heads the county executive committee
state executive committee
the committee responsible for governing a party's activities throughout the state
head of state committees
One of two forming the top two state level leaders in the party along side state chair.
What determines for many who they are planning to vote for if they don't have knowledge about the candidates?
what party the associate with.
What are some of the reasons people do not vote for 3rd parties?
a vote for a third party doesn't usually result in a win
Functions of a political party
bring people together to achieve control of the government, develop policies favorable to their interests or the groups that support them, and organize and persuade voters to elect their candidates to office
an election in which candidates openly affiliated with political parties are presented to voters for selection
elections in which candidates are not identified by party labels
Compare single-member district and proportional representation.
-one representative for each district
-multimember district in proportion to its percentage of total vote
A party meeting of precinct delegates held on the second Saturday after precinct conventions; it elects delegates and alternates to the state convention.
what are the requirements to be a member of a political party?
-may not accept or direct any funds outside the limits and prohibitions of federal law
-certain activity by state, district and local committees, termed federal election activity (FEA), is uniquely regulated
-party committees are restricted in how they may support certain tax exempt organizations.
What impact did the New Deal
and civil rights have on the Democrats?
divided the party, and liberals and conservatives battled in the Democratic primaries
southern Democrats who opposed Truman's position on civil rights. They caused a split in the Democratic party.
La Raza Unida
is an independent Latino movement created to bring attention to the concerns of Mexican Americans
a political party that believes in individual freedom and the only purpose of government is to protect this freedom
Discuss the relationship between political parties and social media.
Political parties use social media to get the word out and reach the public
9 th Amendment
The rights listed in the Constitution are not the only rights a citizen has
When is the general election held?
The first Tuesday after the first Monday in November
What is the purpose of elections?
to elect candidates into office.
What is the purpose of a special election?
to fill a vacancy
an election held to choose candidates for office
Open-Primary elections for anyone, dont need to be registered
Closed-Closed Primary only registered party members
What are the requirements if you want to run as an independent candidate?
-Signatures on a petition by registered voters.
-voters who did not participate in party primary.
-cant be acquired until the day after the last primary election.
-only one signature per candidate.
Why are major state elections conducted in nonpresidential election years?
This arrangement seeks to prevent presidential candidates from influencing the outcomes of Texas races.
Discuss some of the early examples of restrictions on the franchise.
Grovey v. Townsend (1935)
U.S. Supreme Court found that the Democratic Party in Texas was a private organization and could exclude blacks from its primary elections.
Smith v. Allwright (1944)
The denying of African Americans the right to vote in a primary election was found to be a violation of the 15th Amendment
Explain what the Voting Rights Act of 1965 is, discuss its impact and what provisions have been added to it.
its purpose was to eliminate racial discrimination in voting. the redrawing of legislative districts.
What are the top two factors that determine whether a person will vote or not?
Education, and income
Which groups of individuals are excluded from voting?
What impact does early voting have in voter turnout?
-increases voter participation
-helped republican get more votes than democrats.
List the qualifications to vote in Texas.
-be a us citizen
-resident of tx for more than 30 days
-resident of the county for 30 days
Define reapportionment and redistricting.
-process every 10 years that decides how many seats each state will get
-process of redrawing election districts.
Describe some of the factors that deter people from voting.
-low levels of educational attainment
-low per capita income
-high rate of poverty
-location in the South
-lack of party competition
-lack of media attention to substantive political issues
-large numbers of undocumented residents and felons
What is an interest group and what is its primary purpose?
to influence decision makers
What is the purpose of forming a political action committee?
pulls contributions from members and donates those funds to campaigns.
Explain what is meant by a free rider problem and what are some ways interest groups
have tried to overcome it?
smooching off of others without helping, which leads to not helping each other. offer incentives
Who is a lobbyist and describe what they do?
individual employed by an interest group who tries to influence governmental decisions on behalf of that group
Describe the relationship between interest groups and policy makers.
interest groups want policies that benefit the group. policy makers gain information and funds from interest groups.
What will be the reaction when a public interest group mobilizes its members?
the word will get out faster.
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