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Religion 101 Timothy Willis Exam 2
Terms in this set (59)
-Created the Golden Calf
-First ever High Priest of Israel
-The symbol of healing from the book of Numbers
- It serves as a cure for snake bite, because someone can simply look at it after being bitten and they will be healed.
-One of the two spies who believed that the Israelites could have success
-"We can do it, the Lord is with us"
-Prophetess and local judge that called on Barak to lead the tribes to war against King Jabin and his commander Sisera.
-She attributes the victory to the Lord.
-An ancient and strategically vital city in Canaan
-The first major city to be captured by the Israelites.
-With God's help, the walls of Jericho collapse and the Israelites are victorious.
-The place where God commands Moses to draw forth water from a rock
-Chief campsite of the Israelites during their wandering in the wilderness.
-Place where the spies were sent out from and into Canaan.
-Moses has to say his Appeals to the Lord, as the Lord threatens to leave Israel
-Older sister of Moses and Aaron
-Made sure that Moses made it safely through the Nile.
-In Numbers 12, when she and Aaron complain about Moses being favored by God, she is struck by a skin disease and is only cured when she remains outside the camp for seven days
-The Final Plague: the night the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites marked by the blood of the lamb, and spared the firstborn sons from death.
-Religious festival commemorating release and exodus from Egypt
-Where the Israelites renew the Covenant
-Where Joshua dies
-A prayer from the Book of Deuteronomy reminding the Jewish people to love God with all their heart, soul, and strength
-The four consonants of the Hebrew name of God
-Articulated as Yahweh or Jehovah
Why is the description of the 10th plague longer than the first 9?
Moses gives instruction of celebrating a holiday called Passover, which is to be observed as a reminder of this final plague
Read Exodus 5:1-6:13. What reason does the Pharaoh give for not letting Israel go out of Egypt?
He claims that he has no knowledge of the Lord.
In the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, read the special sections on "The Name of God" (page 15, with Genesis 4:26) and "God's Name" (pages 112-113, with Exodus 3:13-15). How do these entries explain the difference between "Yahweh" (the Lord) and "El Shaddai" (God Almighty)?
"God Almighty" is the name associated with God as he helped the short-term needs of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; the name "Yahweh" is associated with God as he accomplishes his long-term goals for the nation of Israel.
What idea(s) from ancient Egypt do the editors of the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible discuss (in relation to Exodus 8:15) to explain the possible meaning of the hardening of Pharaoh's heart in Exodus?
-Egyptian beliefs about the weighing of someone's heart by the gods in the afterlife to determine their moral guilt or innocence
-Certain Egyptian expressions involving "heart" that indicated courage and a determination not to change one's mind
Read Numbers 13. Once the Israelites leave Mount Sinai, they travel to Kadesh, at the southern border of the Promised Land. Moses sends twelve men to explore the land and the people there. What report do these men give when they return?
They say the land is fruitful, but the people living there are too big and strong for the Israelites to take the land from them.
Read Numbers 14. How does the Lord respond to the grumbling and griping of the people, following the report of the twelve spies?
He first threatens to abandon Israel altogether, but then decides to make them wander in the desert until all the adults have died.
What is the function of the bronze serpent that Moses makes?
It serves as a cure for snake bite, because someone can simply look at it after being bitten and they will be healed.
Ten Commands #3
Read the section on "The Tabernacle" (= "tent of meeting") in the NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible, in connection with Exodus 26-27. How is Israel's Tabernacle similar to other places of worship in the ancient Near East?
It is divided into three sections, probably to reflect increasing levels of religious significance.
Ten Commands #4
Read the entry on "Sin and Sacrifice" (found in connection with Psalm 51) in our NIV Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible. According to this entry, how was the sacrificial system in Israel NOT typical for religions of the ancient Near East?
Israel placed much more emphasis than other nations on sacrifice as a means of receiving forgiveness for sins.
Ten Commands #5
Read Leviticus 16, about the Day of Atonement (Yom Kippur). The priests are told to use two goats during the rituals for this day. They are to sacrifice the first goat, but what do they do with the second goat?
They release the goat into the desert so that it can carry away the nation's sins.
Ten Commands #8
Leviticus 19:18 contains the famous command, "love your neighbor as yourself." This can apply to many situations; but, in its immediate context, what is the type of situation to which it is being applied?
A situation where feelings of hatred or revenge arise between neighbors
Read Joshua 1. Which of the following thoughts is communicated to Joshua as he assumes the role of Israel's leader?
-Meditate on the law day and night.
-Be strong and courageous.
-Do not turn from the law to the right of to the left.
-May the Lord be with you as he was with Moses.
Read in the NIV, Cultural Backgrounds Study Bible about "The Fall of Jericho" (pages 368-369, in relation to Joshua 5-6). What is the most likely explanation for the great amount of attention that the book of Joshua gives to Israel's victory over Jericho?
Jericho receives more attention because it is Israel's first victory.
Read Joshua 7-8. Why was it more difficult for Israel to conquer the town of Ai than it had been for them to conquer the city of Jericho?
The Lord did not fight for Israel at first, because an Israelite kept some of the spoils from Jericho that Israel was supposed to dedicate to the Lord.
Read Joshua 11, then turn back to Deuteronomy and read Deuteronomy 20:16-20. What is the policy for conducting war against peoples living inside the borders of the Promised Land (Israel)?
The Israelites are not allowed to take prisoners; all men, women, children, and livestock are to be killed.
Read Deuteronomy 1:1-5 and 4:1-40. What is the central concern on the mind of Moses as he speaks to the people of Israel in this opening section of Deuteronomy?
That the people of Israel might make idols and worship them, rather than worshiping the Lord.
Read Deuteronomy 7:1-9:7. Moses speaks in these chapters about the attitude of the people of Israel as they prepare to enter the Promised Land and settle there. Which of the following attitudes does Moses seem concerned to promote?
Israel's success or failure depends on the Lord, so they need to rely on him.
Read Deuteronomy 10:12-22. What challenge or requirement does Moses place before the people?
-They must circumcise their hearts.
-They must follow the Lord's commandments.
-They must show love to strangers/aliens/sojourners.
-They must serve the Lord with all their hearts.
Read Deuteronomy 30. What choice(s) are the Israelites challenged to make here?
-Between loving the Lord and not observing/doing his commands.
-Between life and death.
-Between hearing the Lord and turning away from the Lord.
-Between blessings and curses.
Significant roles played by women early in the life of Moses
-Midwives spare Hebrew babies
-Moses' sister and mother hide him
-Pharaoh's daughter adopts him
Four stall tactics raised by Moses at the burning bush on Mt. Sinai
-Who am I?
-What is God's name?
-What if they won't believe me?
-I am a poor speaker
How Israel's faith (listen, believe) swings between weak and strong in the exodus event
Questions raised about the hardening of Pharaoh's heart (Wilderness #1)
-Questions about God's sovereignty and human free will
-God is causing Pharaoh to sin
-Leads to the death of many Egyptians
-How is this fair?
-All deserve wrath, life depends on God's mercy
-Who are we to argue?
Five meanings of "Yahweh" / "I AM WHO I AM"; and how "they will know that i am the LORD/Yahweh" helps to define this name (Exodus #4, 10)
1. Existence (the real deal) - he is real
2. Unique (monotheism/one of a kind) - he is one of a kind/his own
3. Holy (Beyond comprehension) - who are you to ask? His name is too holy to be understood, he cannot be controlled or manipulated
4. Unchanging (dependable/integrity) - you can count on him, reliability
5. Omnipotent (does what HE wants) - He is whatever he wants to be, he can do it all, he is powerful
How "they will know that i am the LORD/Yahweh" helps to define the Lord's name (Exodus #4, 10)
The Ten Plagues
By witnessing the Ten Plagues they "know that I am Yahweh"
The Golden Calf: For the Lord, or for another god?
-Moses is gone for 6 weeks/40 days
-People are scared and fear that Moses is dead
-Fear who will be their leader
-Aaron makes an idol
-A golden calf
-The People want to see something in order to believe in God/ Calf?
The Lord's "character-name" declared to Moses after the Golden Calf (Exodus 33-34)
-Not "I AM WHO I AM" here, but personal character
-The Lord is gracious, merciful, loving, forgiving (to 1,000 generations)
-Punishes sin (to 3-4 generations)
-Mercy and punishment coexist, but mercy overshadows punishment
How the Lord demonstrates his character-name in the story of 12 spies, and what this suggest about prayer and God's omniscience (knows all) (Wilderness #7, 8)
-10 of 12 spies voice doubts about inhabiting the land
-Joshua and Caleb say "we can do it; the Lord is with us"
-The majority prevails
-The Lord threatens to abandon Israel
-Moses speaks up as a defender
-What will the neighbors say?
-What about your character-name? (Merciful, gracious, loving, forgiving)
-God says, "I forgive. But Israel must walk 40 years"
Israel sees God in short-term HARDSHIP (one generation) and long term BLESSING (later generations in the land)
How the establishment of the Mosaic Covenant (three steps) is analogous to a wedding (including the "sign" of the Mosaic Covenant)
Step 1 - The Courtships
-God Initiates the covenant with the exodus
-"I carried you on eagles' wings"
-Israel is God's "treasured possession" a "priestly kingdom, holy nation"
Step 2 - The exchange of vows
-Israel ratifies the covenant with sacrifices and an oath
-To be faithful to God
Step 3 - Wedding rings
-The "SIGN" of the covenant is the Sabbath day
-Links the covenant to the creators ongoing work
The four "codes" of laws that make up the Law of Moses
1. Covenant Code - Morals/Ethics
2. Holiness Code - Morals/Ethics (be holy)
3. Deuteronomic Code - Morals/Ethics (central place of worship)
4. Priestly Code (all else) - Law for Priests (Tabernacle, sacrifices, purity)
How the ideas of the Lord as Creator and the Lord as Deliverer might influence interpretations of the Decalogue and other laws of Moses
-Apply to all
-Categories for all laws
-Describe "good citizens"
Two pillar considerations for interpreting laws like those in Leviticus 19 (intent, broad context) (Ten Commandments #8)
-Despite cultural changes, the moral/ethical principles in Biblical laws challenge us to rethink our own values
1. Identify a law's primary intent
2. Interpret one law in light of all laws and relevant examples
Four types of animal sacrifices and their purpose (Ten Commands #4, 5)
1. Whole burnt offerings
-Entire animal a gift for god
2. Peace/fellowship/well-being offerings
-Meal shared with God
3. Sin offerings
-Animal substitutes for humans
4. Guilt offerings
-Animal compensates for humans
How laws for the poor reflect male-centric social structure (Duet #7)
Eight aspects of what it means to "love the Lord with all your heart" (based on passages using "heart" in Deuteronomy) (Deuteronomy #1, 3, 5)
1. You only worship God
2. Attitudes of listening to what God says
3. Provides basic needs
4. He makes you wealthy
5. Challenging obstacles/not being afraid of enemies
6. Not thinking - morally deserving
7. Golden Rule - do to others as you wish them to do to you
How the Mosaic Laws develop the promises of the Abrahamic Covenant
1. Descendants -Laws "describe" genuine descendants
2. Land - laws seek to produce "life" in the land
3. Blessings - laws help pass blessings forward
4. Relationship - "I will be your God, you will be my people"
Life and Death as basic categories for obedience to laws (Deuteronomy #9)
-Because the lord is the creator, obeying his LAWS is participation in LIFE
-Disobeying is participation in DEATH
The rules of war (herem) in Israel, and five rationalizations for the wars fought in the Bible (Joshua #9)
-Herem - "ban devoted things"
-Kill every man, woman, child, and beast
-Applied only inside the land of Israel
-To combat religious corruption
-Israel's conduct in war is not unique
1. War was made necessary by the culture
-A primary way to prove God's power
2. God uses war to punish sin
-For meting out justice
3. Wars illustrate human depravity
-Be appalled not inspired
4. Exaggerated militaristic propaganda
-More brag than fact
5. Model for Spiritual Warfare
-Apply allegorically, not literally
Three pairs of contrasting statements spoken to encourage Joshua (Joshua #1)
1. "Be strong and courageous" - "don't be afraid"
2. "The Lord is with you" - "The Lord will not forsake you"
3. "Obey the laws of Moses" - "Don't turn to the right or left"
Examples that the Lord deserves credit for victories in Joshua and Judges (Joshua #3, 5, 8)
"The people served the Lord all the days of Joshua... And those arose another generation after them who did not know the Lord or the work he had done for Israel"
Spotlight on "serve" in Joshua's final challenge (Joshua 24) (Joshua #10)
Four part cyclical pattern for the (major) judges (Judges #1, 2)
1. Sin - The People sin (worship other gods/idols)
2. Oppression - The Lord sends "Oppressors"
3. Cry - The People cry for help
4. Deliver - The Lord sends a judge/savior
How events in Judges prepare readers for Kings to come
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