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The horizontal movement of air from an area of high pressure to an area of lower pressure.


An instrument used to measure wind speed.

wind-chill factor

Increased cooling caused by wind.

local winds

Winds that blow over short distances.

sea breeze

The flow of air from an ocean or lake to the land.

land breeze

The flow of air from land to a body of water.


Sea and land breezes over a large region that change direction with the seasons.

global wind

Winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances.

Coriolis effect

The way Earth's rotation makes winds in the Northern Hemisphere curve to the right and winds in the Southern Hemisphere curve to the left.


The distance from the equator, measure in degrees.

jet streams

Bands of high-speed winds about 10 kilometers above Earth's surface.

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