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Corporals Course- Communication

Terms in this set (51)


A definition is the precise meaning or significance of a word or phrase. In an argument, it can be helpful to establish a common frame of reference for important or ambiguous words, so don't underestimate the importance of definitions.


An example is a specific instance chosen to represent a larger fact to clarify an abstract idea or support a claim. Good examples must be appropriate, brief, and attention arresting. Quite often, they are presented in groups of two or three for impact.


Testimony uses the comments of recognized authorities to support the claim. These comments can be direct quotations or paraphrases, but direct quotations tend to carry more weight with listeners or readers. When using testimony as support, make sure the individuals being quoted are both generally credible and knowledgeable in the field under discussion.


Statistics provide a summary of data that allows your audience to better interpret information. Statistics can be very persuasive and can provide excellent support. Keep them simple and easy to understand. Also, remember to round off your statistics whenever possible and document the exact source of your statistics.


A fact is a tested piece of data. It is something that is known to exist or to have happened. Often, facts can be confirmed by observation or by talking to commonly accepted authorities.
•A fact should be distinguished from an inference which is an interpretation or explanation of the facts that may be reasonably doubted.
•It is recommended that inferences be handled as testimony.


Explanation makes a point plain or understandable, or gives the cause of some effect, and can be used to clarify your position or provide additional evidence to help make your case. The following four techniques can be used as part of an explanation:
•Analysis: The separation of a whole into smaller pieces for further study, clarifying a complex issue by examining one piece at a time.
•Comparison and Contrast: Use comparison to dramatize similarities between two objects or situations, and contrast to emphasize differences.
•Description: Used to explain something in detail, to paint a picture with words—typically more personal and subjective than a definition.

•A speaker who talks too loud could be perceived as overbearing.
•If a speaker talks too softly, the audience will have difficulty hearing the material and may perceive the speaker as timid or unsure of the content.
•If the audience must strain to hear a speaker, they may eventually tune the speaker out.
•If members of the audience look puzzled, are leaning forward in their seats, or are otherwise straining to hear, then the speaker needs to talk louder.


•Poor articulation occurs when the speaker is lazy or mumbles. Often, the speaker will habitually chop, slur, run together, or mumble, rather than enunciate words distinctly and clearly.
•Although we know that "let me" is not "lemme," "going to" is not "gonna," and "did you" is not "didja," we continue to articulate these words improperly.
•If articulation is a problem for you, work on identifying and eliminating common errors so you can effectively express your thoughts and ideas.


•Few things distract an audience more than improper pronunciation of words. Some people may consider mispronunciation of a word as a reflection on the speaker's intelligence.
•You do not want your mispronunciation of a word to distract from your message, so check a dictionary or listen to someone say the word properly. Another tip is to write the word out phonetically in your speaker notes as a reminder on how to say it.


•The best rate of speech depends partly on the mood the speaker is trying to create. If the rate is too fast, the audience may lose track of the ideas that the speaker is trying to convey.
•Speak too slowly and the audience will lose interest.
•Varying your rate of your speaking is an effective way to hold the attention of your audience and to add emphasis when needed.
•The rate of speech should be governed by the complexity of the subject and the emotion to be expressed.
General Policy

3. POLICY. It is DoD policy that:
a. The Department of Defense shall safeguard the security of the United States.
b. A Service member's right of expression should be preserved to the maximum extent possible in accordance with the constitutional and statutory provisions of titles 10 and 18, United States Code (U.S.C.) (References (c) and (d), respectively) (examples of which are set forth in Enclosure 2 of this Instruction) and consistent with good order and discipline and the national security.
c. No commander should be indifferent to conduct that, if allowed to proceed unchecked, would destroy the effectiveness of his or her unit.
d. The proper balancing of these interests depends largely upon the calm and prudent judgment of the responsible commander. ...
5. PROCEDURES. The procedures set forth in Enclosure 3 provide guidelines that shall be applied to handling dissident and protest activities among Service members. Specific problems shall be resolved only on the basis of the particular facts of the situation and in accordance with the provisions of Enclosure 3; other applicable DoD issuances; chapter 47 Reference (c) [Title 10, United States Code ]; and other applicable laws and regulations.


The following procedures provide guidelines that shall be applied to handling dissident and protest activities among Service members. Paragraph 4 covers the publication of personal writings whether in writing or electronic means (websites).

4. PUBLICATION OF PERSONAL WRITING MATTERS (TO INCLUDE WEB SITES, WEB LOGS (BLOGS), AND OTHER ELECTRONIC COMMUNICATIONS). Service members may not pursue personal writing for publication whether by traditional written or by electronic means (Web sites, BLOGS, and other electronic communications) during duty hours, nor may they use Government or non-appropriated fund property for this purpose, on or off duty, unless it is for official use or authorized purposes only pursuant to section 2-301 of DoD 5500.7-R (Reference (g)). Publication of such matters by military personnel off-post, on their own time, and with their own money and equipment is not prohibited; however, if such a publication contains language the utterance of which is punishable under Federal law or otherwise violates this Instruction or other DoD issuances, those involved in printing, publishing, or distributing it may be disciplined or face appropriate administrative action for such infractions.
Question 1
Which of the following are characteristics of social media? Select all that apply.
Correct answer: Community,Connectedness,Conversation

Question 2
Which of the following guidelines apply when you make unofficial Internet posts? Select all that apply.
Your answer (correct): You must follow federal law, as well as Department of Defense and Marine Corps regulations and policies.,Don't post anything that could be considered offensive or illegal.,Never post any information that is classified or sensitive.

Question 3
Which of the following are guidelines from the DoD policy for political activities by members of the armed forces? Select all that apply.
Your answer (correct): Members may display a political bumper sticker on their private vehicle.,Members should not conduct a political opinion survey under the auspices of a partisan political club.,Members may attend partisan political fundraising activities, meetings, or rallies as a spectator when not in uniform and when no inference of official endorsement can be drawn.

Question 4
Which article of the Uniform Code of Military Justice can apply if a commissioned officer posts contemptuous words against the President?
Your answer (correct): Article 88 - Contempt towards officials

Question 5
Which of the following are personal privacy security measures to take when using social media? Select all that apply.
Your answer (correct): Set privacy settings on social media accounts to limit access to personal information.,Don't post personally identifiable information on social media sites.,Don't post sensitive, family-related information within your profile.