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66 terms

anatomy term quiz 3

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myel
spinal cord, bone marrow
Myelitis
1) inflammation of the bone marrow, 2) inflammation ofthe spinal cord
Myelocyte
large cell in red bone marrow from which leukocytes are derived
Myo
muscle
Myopathy
any disease of muscle marked clinically by focaler diffuse muscle weakness
Myositis
inflammation of muscle tissue, especially of voluntary muscles, caused by infecction, trauma, autoimmune, or parasitic infection
squamous
pertaining to or covered with scales, pertaining to having a flattened appearance
pan
all
panosteitis
inflammation of an entire bone
pancytopenia
pronounced reduction in all of the cellular components and elements of blood
rrhag
1) rupture, 2) profuse discharge of fluid
Hemorrhage
blood loss, usually describes episodes of bleeding lasting more than a few minutes, and may be life threatening
Menorrhagia
condition of menstrual bleeding that is excessive in number of days, amount of blood lost, or both
Kaluretic
pertaining to the increased excretion of potassium in urine
Diuretic
1) agent that increases urine output, 2) pertaining to increase in urine output
Kaliuresis
excretion of potassium in the urine
Natriuresis
excretion of abnormal amounts of sodium in the urine
embol
to insert of plug in
Embolus
mass of undissolved matter present in blood or lymph vessel and that traveled to its present location by that blood or lymph that blocks the vessel
Embolism
sudden blockage of a blood vessel by an embolus
Sigmoid
resembling the letter S
Nucleoid
shaped like or having the appearance of a nucleus
Myeloid
1) resembling a myelocyte, but not necessarily originating from bone marrow, 2) marrow- like medullary
Myoid
resembling muscle
Morphology
science of structure and form of organisms with out regard to function
Polymorphic
occuring in more than 1 form
Polymorphonuclear
possessing a mucleus which consists of several parts connected to one another by fine strands
Thrombus
blood clot
Thrombosis
presence of an intravascular blood clot, at its sit of formation, it may be life saving when it occurs in response to hemorrhagic event, or it could be life threatening
allo
other, different
drom
running or turning
auto
self, same
Antihemorrhagic
1) agent that prevents hemorrhage, 2) pertaining to the prevention of hemorrhage
Antinuclear
pertaining to reacting with or destroying the nucleus of a cell
Dromic
pertaining to the propagation of a nerve impulse along an axon in the normal direction
Prodromal
pertaining to the initial stage of a disease, the interval between the earliest symptoms and the appearance of a rash or fever
Allogenic
transplant in which tissue from one individual isgrafted into that of another genetically non-identical member of the same species
Alloplasia
the development of tissue at a location where that type of tissue would not normally occur
Autolysis
the digestion of cells by the cells' own enzymes
Autotrophic
pertaining to organisms (such as green plants and bacteria) which are capable of producing their own nutrients from inorganic compounds
Autosmia
awareness of the odor of one's own body
gen
agent which produces or forms, one that is produced
genic
generation or production
genous
produced by or generated in
genesis
the act of reproducing, generation, the origin of
chondrogenic
pertaining to the formation of cartilage
pathogenic
pertaining to an agent that produces disease
thrombogenic
pertaining to producing or tending to produce a blood clot
autogenous
self-producing, originating, from within the body
hematogenous
pertaining to or originating in the blood
pathogen
microorganism capable of producing a disease
antigen
protein marking on surface of cell which indentifies the cells as being 'self' or 'foreign'
histogenesis
origin and development of tissue
dysgenesis
defective or abnormal development, particularily in the embryo
hypogastrium
abdominal region immediately below the umbilicus, between the right and left inguinal regions
hypodermic
pertaining to under or inserted under the dermis of the skin (injection)
calcipenia
deficiency of calcium in the body tissues and fluids
hypervolemia
abnormal increase in volume of circulating blood
natri
sodium
poiesis
formation or production
mononucleosis
presence of an abnormally high number of mononuclear leukocytes in the blood
nucleophilic
pertaining to having an attration to the nuclei
enucleated
having no nucleas
erythropoiesis
formation of red blood cells
hematopoiesis
production and development of all blood cells, normally occuring in the bone marrow
hematopoietic
1) pertaining to the production and development of blood cells, 2) substance/agent that assists in or stimulates the production of blood cells