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Terms in this set (35)
The first step of emergency care in the patient with inadequate breathing is:
Opening and maintaining the patient's airway.
Inadequate breathing or inadequate blood circulation can cause:
Signs of inadequate breathing include all of the following except
Pink skin and respiratory rate between 12 and 20 per minute
Stimulation of the back of a patient's throat when suctioning may cause:
Slowed heart rate
A 24-year-old female patient has fallen from the roof of her house and is unconscious. The best method of opening her airway is the _____ maneuver.
You are assisting ventilations via Bag Valve Mask (ambu) device. How can you determine that your ventilations are effective?
The patient's chest is rising and falling with each ventilation.
When the liter flow on a bag-valve mask unit is set at 15 liters per minute, what is the approximate concentration of oxygen delivered to the patient?
What does the term dyspnea mean?
Oropharyngeal airways can be used on unconscious patients, except those who
Have a gag reflex
Because the oropharyngeal airway (OPA) is likely to stimulate the patient's gag reflex, the rescuer should:
be prepared to suction
The nasopharyngeal airway (NPA) is often utilized because it:
Often does not stimulate the patient's gag reflex
Which of the following is true regarding suctioning a patient's airway?
Never suction the airway for longer than 15 seconds
What actions would you take if your patient becomes apneic?
Begin Bag Valve Mask ventilations (ambu)
You are placing an OPA in a semi-conscious patient and they start to gag. What should you do next?
immediately remove the OPA
A nasal cannula should be used to deliver oxygen to a patient who:
requires low amounts of oxygen
Anatomic differences in a child's respiratory system can make openings and maintaining the airway a difficult and challenging process. Which of the following choices correctly states some of the problems and solutions associated with these anatomical differences:
A child's tongue is larger and takes up considerably more room in the mouth. using a tongue depressor to hold the tongue down while inserting an OPA without rotating it will be more effective then techniques used in adults
Which situation would indicate using the Jaw Thrust Maneuver?
When a cervical spinal injury is suspected
What must you do first before inserting an oral pharyngeal airway?
Measure it from the lip to the earlobe
You arrive on scene with your partner Kevin to find a seven year old boy unconscious after being dragged from the water. He is not breathing and has no pulse. CPR in this case should be performed at?
15:2 compression to ventilation ratio
How should you ventilate a patient with a bag valve mask (ambu bag)?
With only as much ventilation needed to adequately provide adequate chest rise
The tongue often is a source of airway obstruction; it falls back and occludes the _________?
The lower airway ends at the Alveoli, where gas exchange occurs. Oxygen moves to the hemoglobin by passing through a semipermeable membrane. Where does this occur?
Which of the following ventilatory techniques is likely to yield the LOWEST tidal volumes?
One person bag-valve-mask
Which of the following is the most effective method for administering ventilations to an apneic patient?
Two person bag-valve-mask
The inability to move enough air required for adequate perfusion is known as what?
A 23-year-old male experienced severe head trauma after his motorcycle collision with an oncoming truck. He is conscious, has a rapid and shallow breathing pattern, and is producing copious bloody secretions from his mouth. How would you manage his airway?
alternate 15 seconds of oral suctioning with two minutes and assisted ventilations
You are dispatched to a local nursery for a 39-year-old female who is sick. When you arrive, you find the patient lying on the floor. She is semiconscious, has copious amounts of saliva coming from her mouth, and is incontinent of urine. You quickly feel her pulse and note that it is very slow. Initial management for this patient should include:
thoroughly suctioning oropharynx
A 71-year-old male is unconscious following a sudden, severe headache. There was vomitus on his face and he is breathing with shallow, slow respirations. The most appropriate initial airway management for this patient is to:
assist his ventilations with a BVM
A six-year-old female was riding her bike and struck a clothesline with her throat. She is breathing, with obvious difficulty. Your rapid trauma assessment reveals a crackling sensation in the soft tissue of her neck and facial cyanosis. In addition to appropriate airway management, the intervention that will most likely improve her chances survival is:
rapidly transporting her to the hospital
A female patient with a suspected spinal injury is breathing with marked reduction in tidal volume. The most appropriate airway management for her includes:
assisting ventilations at an age-appropriate rate
Which of the following is not a sign of labored breathing:
an adult with a respiratory rate of 12 press per minute
You come across a scene where the patient appears to be in respiratory distress and is making a gurgling noise. You immediately know that you need to:
suction the patient immediately
Which of the following is not a true statement?
the oropharyngeal airway is a better choice for a patient who is having seizures
Which of the following would be considered an indicator of adequate ventilation?
the patient is being ventilated at minimal 12 breaths per minute
Which the following would be most important when attempting to ventilate a patient with facial trauma:
have a suctioning device close by in case significant blood or vomit needs to be suctioned out of the airway
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