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Art Appreciation Test 3
Terms in this set (66)
What kind of paintings did the French Baroque court commission? (Remember the title of King Louis XIV painting).
What kind of monarchy used to be practiced during the Baroque period?
Why were 18th and 19th centuries called the "age of revolution?"
Due to lots of small and large political revolutions that took place in Europe and in America. American Declaration of Independence (1776) and the French Revolution (1789)
Why were 18th and 19th centuries called the "age of enlightenment?"
emphasized on reason over faith
What did the enlightment philosphers ask for?
asked for a society based on ethics and morals
What are the main characteristics of the Rococo painting, "The Swing?" and is the subject-matter religious?
love affair of king Louis the 18th and his lover in pastel colors and the painting is secular
Which economic/social class is represented in "The Swing"?
Were the figures in "The Swing" worried about the poor or ethics/morals?
were not worried about ethics or morals or the poor.
What is the meaning of voyeuristic pleasure that "The Swing" illustrates?
Enjoying/sharing erotic visual pleasure that an art piece (figures in it) offers. In "The Swing," King Louis the XV looking at the spread-out legs of his mistress.
What does Neoclassical mean?
One other time in the past, this happened, when?
Neoclassical means "newly classical." The knowledge (of art, architecture, literature, philosophy etc.) revived from the Greek and the Roman times during the Neoclassical time. It also happened during the Renaissance.
Which major political event took place in Europe during the Baroque period?
The French Revolution
Which political event (that may have been hugely influential) took place in America before the one in Europe?
American Declaration of Independence
What kind of neoclassical virtue is mainly represented in the painting "The Oath of the Horatii"?
State over individual, civic duty, sacrifice
What was the major inspiration for the Romantics?
What is the thought behind placing the very large female figure in Delacroix's "Liberty Leading People?"
she represents the nurturing power of freedom
What abstract idea does female figure in Delacroix's "Liberty Leading People?" embody?
the abstract idea of freedom.
What is the theme of Turner's "Slave Ship?"
the practice of slavery; A slave ship probably going to the Americas.
Did Turner's painting use a realistic or an abstract approach or both?
abstract and non-objective approach
In which way is this Turner's "Slave Ship?" groundbreaking?
Turner imagined his subjects, the landscapes, and the colors -- visual pleasure is offered mostly through the elements and principles of design
What is the thought behind the American Hudson River School painters' paintings of huge landscapes with very small human figures?
Humans are small in comparison to the majesty and the power of nature
Which event may have been influential for the Romantics?
the Industrial Revolution brought many people from the country-side to the cities and life became hectic. They looked for peace in nature.
What was the general theme of the realist painters?
what was happening right in front of them. They were influenced by the invention of the camera, set out to depict life as it actually was, unlike the frivolity and pleasure of the European upper class
Why was the upper class uncomfortable to see the large working-class figures in the "Stone Breakers?"
Because the working class were seeking better working conditions and better pay through small and large revolutions in Europe at that time. Seeing "them" as the subjects of paintings scared them.
What was invented during this time that contributed to the Realism?
Why is Manet's "Luncheon on the Grass" considered, by some, as the first Modern painting?
the nude in the painting stares defiantly at the viewer. She is placed with two clothed male figures in an outdoor setting during the middle of the day -- unlike other nudes in art history.
How is the nude in Manet's "Luncheon on the Grass" different from the previous generation nudes?
many textile workers (who were mostly female) turned to prostitution. The woman in this painting is implied to be a prostitute. She was referred to as the "little factory girl."
What made it easier for the artists of the modern movement to painting outdoor landscape?
Invention of oil paint in tubes - artists didn't have to premix their own paint, could literally paint outside
What was happening during the modernist period in USA that may have affected working class women in Paris?
the American Civil War was going on during this time, so the American South was not being able to export cotton to European textile mills.
What was their main focus of modern artists while painting a subject?
Capturing light (of a day, different seasons) and how light affected the subjects, the essence of the time, the fleeting moment
What kind of changes took place in Paris during this time that inspired some artists paint urban buildings and weekend parties?
Hausmanizssation of Paris or the newly design of Paris. New road, parks, transportation system were built. People could now go outside of Paris during the weekends for outings that became the subject matter of the Impressionists.
Which specific art from the East influenced European artists to create cropped compositions?
Ukiyo-e woodcut prints from Japan
Is the theme or the feelings through colors more important in Van Gogh's work?
expressing feelings through colors.
What is Van Gogh's thick brush stroke technique called (same as Rembrandt's)?
What did Cezanne do in his paintings?
He experimented with space.
Which Eastern art was Cezanne looking at?
Ukiyo-e woodcut prints.
Which structure in Paris symbolized the decadence and the innovation of the new millennium, at the same time - like the art of that time that was breaking away from the traditional academic art and moving towards an unknown destination?
Which painting from the Baroque period has the same theme as Gustav Klimt's painting that we discussed in class?
Judith Decapitating Holofernes by Caravaggio and Genteleschi.
How are the women powerful in different ways in "Judith Decapitating Holofernes" by Caravaggio and Genteleschi?
the Baroque figure is expressing physical power, while Klimt's figure is expressing sexuality and dominance
Why were Matisse, Derain and some others called "the Fauves?" What does that mean?
"Fauve" is French for "wild animal," and it referred to the artists' bold uses of color.
Name one artist, from previous movements, who influenced the Fauvists?
Which art movement in Germany was directly influenced by Fauve artists' uses of colors?
What did the Expressionists try to do through their uses of color and distorted form?
They used color and distorted forms to show emotional interpretation of reality.
What major political event influenced some of the Expressionists works?
World War I
Which German Expressionist artist is considered as the pioneer of abstract art?
Vassil Kandinsky. His paintings are the first modern "pure" abstract painting made only with design elements and principles -- devoid of any representational themes.
What were Picasso's influences for the painting "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon" (five prostitutes) and the portrait of Gertrude Stein (American author)?
Ancient Spanish stone head sculptures and African Dogon masks.
Compared to the traditional portrayal of prostitutes or concubines, what were visually different about the five prostitutes of "Les Demoiselles d'Avignon?"
Their faces are ugly, distorted, angular unlike other beautiful concubines from art history. Picasso didn't show their physical beauty but he was after the truth -- how they really felt inside.
Who were the co-founders of cubism?
Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso
Visually speaking, which previous movement looks the closest to Futurism?
Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso began using ___________ which is an artistic technique that is common now.
What were these artists try to represent - cars or the essence of the speed from those cars?
the essence of speed, not the cars
Which political event made this group of artists choose "irrational" over rational?
World War I
Which events have influenced Futurism the most?
invention of automobile, airplane, assembly lines -- all representing movement and speed.
Name the Dada artist (and his "artwork)", who influenced the ready-made/ found object movement.
What do Balla's "Dynamism of a Dog" and Duchamp's "Nude Descending the Staircase" represent and how?
through repetition the artists show movement and speed, not beautifying the nude or the dog itself.
What were the resources of Surrealists artworks?
dreams and nightmares
Which Austrian psychologist was publishing papers on dream and subconscious during that time that was influential for the Surrealists?
What does Dada mean?
no specific origin, could come from a word that means "hobby horse" or could be two nonsensical syllables together.
What is assemblage?
made out of disparate objects (or their parts) glued together to form a something unified and cohesive --> Collage is 2D and assemblage is 3D.
Which surrealist artist began using assemblage?
Which technique did Jean Arp used to make his blue collage composition?
Laws of Chance --> he tore up papers, wherever the pieces landed on a board, he glued them down
Mondrian was a member of which Dutch artists group?
de Stijl (the style)
What was Mondrian reacting against with his primary colors and plain horizontal and vertical lines?
WWI and its negative effects on people, the disorganization of life
What is the major characteristic of Surrealistic paintings?
bizarre scales of objects, irrational, dreamy, fantastical; believed that art was a model for human freedom, meaning, and creativity in an absurd world
Was Mondrian thinking of rural life or city/modern life while creating his work?
City life - grid patterns of streets, NY subway
What significant economic event had been taking place, in America, while this painting (American Gothic) was created by Grant Wood?
What did President Roosevelt do during this time period that led many artists create artwork (particularly murals) that helped document American scenes?
He commissioned the WPA - sent artists to different parts of the country to document America and generate funds to reboot the economy
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