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LEARNING - brain structures involved in learning
Neuronal basis of Learning: dendrites, neurotransmitters Structures of brain- amygdala, hippocampus
Terms in this set (13)
a small medial temporal lobe structure next to and interconnected with the hippocampus with crucial roles in acquisition of conditioned emotional responses and the encoding and storage of emotional memories.
the part of the neuron that transmits information from the neuron to other neurons or to the cells in the muscles or glands
thin extension of a neuron that receives information from other neurons and sends it to the soma.
a neurotransmitter believed to be involved in learning (including reward-based learning), memory, schizophrenia, pleasure, motivation, emotional arousal and the control of voluntary movements.
Dopamine reward system
a neural pathway in the brain that, when stimulated, provides "pleasurable experiences."
the main excitatory neurotransmitter for information transmission throughout the brain; plays crucial roles in the growth and strengthening of synaptic connections during learning and memory formation.
a medial temporal lobe structure with crucial roles in memory formation, particularly new declarative memories.
a relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience
Long-term potentiation (LTP)
the long-lasting strengthening of the synaptic connections of neurons, resulting in the enhanced or more effective functioning of the neurons whenever activated
a nerve cell specialised to receive, process and/or transmit information to other cells in the body; three types are sensory neurons, interneurons and motor neurons.
a chemical substance made by neurons that transmits messages across the synaptic gap between the axon ending of one neuron and the dendrite of another; enables communication between neurons
a part of the central nervous system that connects the brain to other parts of the body through the peripheral nervous system (& processes reflexes)
the tiny communication space between the axon terminal of a pre-synaptic neuron and dendrite of a post-synaptic neuron
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