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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Ch. 14-15 Vocab - The Great Depression
Ch. 14-15, The Great Depression
Terms in this set (33)
Region, including Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, New Mexico, that was made useless for farming by drought and dust storms during the 1930s.
October 29, 1929; the day the stock market crashed.
a neighborhood in which people live in makeshift shacks
to take away the right to own property because the owner is unable to make payments
Buying on margin
paying a small percentage of a stock's price as a down payment and borrowing the rest
Painted American Gothic, one of the most famous portrayals of America's rural life during the Great Depression
FDIC (Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation)
Created in 1933; Insures individuals bank accounts, protecting them against losses due to bank failures.
SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission)
Created in 1934; Monitors the stock market and enforces laws regulating the sale of stocks and bonds.
AAA (Agricultural Adjustment Act)
Law, enacted in 1933; Raised crop prices by paying farmers to leave a certain amount of land unplanted, lowering production.
CCC (Civilian Conservation Corps)
Established as part of the New Deal, put young unemployed men to work building roads, developing parks, planting trees, and helping in erosion- and flood-control projects.
TVA (Tennessee Valley Authority)
Federal corporation, established in 1933; Constructed dams and power plants in the Tennessee Valley region to generate electricity and prevent floods.
RFC (Reconstruction Finance Corporation)
Established in 1932; Provided emergency financing to banks, life-insurance companies, railroads, and other large businesses.
Hoover Dam; A dam on the Colorado River built during the Great Depression as part of a public-works program indented to stimulate buisness and provide jobs
The giving of money or food by the government directly to the needy people
MacArthur's aid; he was a major, helped lead the soldiers who Hoover ordered to roust Bonus Marchers
General Douglas MacArthur; Led 1,000 soldiers Hoover ordered to roust Bonus Marchers
The Hundred Days
First 100 days of FDR's presidency; during this time, Congress passed 15 major laws.
Senator; Early supporter of Roosevelt, turned against him later; Wanted presidency for himself; Proposed nationwide social program called "Share-Our-Wealth"
Wife of Pres. Roosevelt; Social reformer, combined deep humanitarian impulses with great political skill; Urged Roosevelt to appoint women to government positions.
First female cabinet member; Played major role in creating Social Security System; Supervised labor legislation.
when a government spends more money than it takes in
Social Security Act
Law, enacted 1935; Provides aid to retirees, unemployed, disabled, families with independent children.
WPA (Works Progress Administration)
Established as part of the Second New Deal, provided unemployed with jobs in construction, garment making, teaching, arts, other fields
Actor, Director, producer, writer who created radio broadcasts, "The War of the Worlds"
Dow Jones Industrial Average
a stock index based on the prices of the stocks of 30 large, well-known corporations; Widely used as barometer of stock market's health
Federal Home Loan Bank Act
lowered mortgage rates for homeowners and allowed farmers to refinance their farm loans and avoid foreclosure
risky buying and selling of stocks in the hope of making a quick or large profit
transients; hitched rides on trains, slept under bridges, always on the move
Group of WWI vets. that marched to D.C. in 1932 to demand the immediate payment of their goverment war bonuses in cash
NLRB (National Labor Relations Board)
Created in 1935; Prevents unfair labor practices and mediates disputes between workers and management
The Grapes of Wrath
Written by John Steinbeck, this novel depicted the life of people impacted by the Dust Bowl during the Great Depression; Published 1939
Gone with the Wind
1939 movie dealing with the life of Southern Plantation owners during the Civil War- one of the most popular films of all time
Series of 30 evening radio speeches given by Pres. Roosevelt between 1933-1944
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