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73 terms

wellness

STUDY
PLAY
mortatlity
death rate
morbility
illness
dimensions of wellness
pyhsical, intellectual, social, emotional, spritual, environmental
leading causes of death in US
heart disease, malignany neoplasms, cerbiovascular disease, chronic lower respiratory disease
primary prevention
before the problem starts
secondary prevention
early in developement
tertiary prevention
treatment and or rehab for the problem
infection disease
communicable from one to another, caused by microorganisms
chronic disease
developes and continues over a long period of time- lifestyle factors
prevention
best treatment method for disease
goals for health in 2010
increase quality and years of healthy lifestyle, eleminate health disparities
self efficacy
an individual belief that he or she is capable of acheiving certain goals or performing at a level that may influence events in life
health disparities
difference in the incidence, prevalence, mortality, and burden of disease and other health conditions among specific population growth (race, health insurance)
predisposing
knowledge, belief, attitude, culture, values, age, sex, race
enabling
skills, abililites, money, time, safe areas
reinforcing
incentives, rewards, family support, encouragement
predisposing, enabling, reinforcing
factors that influence behavior
stages of change
precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, maintainance, termination
internal locus of control
no personal control, lack of confidence in their abiltiy to succedd in a particular behavior
external locus of control
confident that their behavior will influence the outcome
distress
negative effect on health
eustress
presents opportunities for personal growth- positive
endocrine
glands, tissues, and cells that transport hormones thru bloodstrem to influence metabolism
hormones
chemical messanger, to blood stream to target cell or organ for regulations of activities
sympathetic
stress arousal, fight of flight
adaptive response
form of adjustment in which the body attemts to restore homeostasis
general adaptation syndrom
physiological response to stress
alarm
fight of flight
resistance
rest and digest
exhaustion
stress overload
parasympathetic
slowing system stimulated by stress responcse, checks and balances
hypothalamus
control center of the brain
pituitary gland
master gland, near hypothalamus
adrenaline
kidneys; alarm phase
cortisol
steroid hormone, stored nutrients readily available for energy
endorphins
brain secretions that have pain inhabilitations
autonomic nervous system
sympathetic and parasympathetic
adrenocorticotropic hormone
pituitaty gland, stimulates secretion of coritsol
type a personality
hard driving, competetive, anxious, perfectionist
type b personality
relaxed, non competitive
mental
perceive reality as it is, respond to challange, rational strategies
spiritual
purpose for life, fulfillment
emotional
thinking and actions, greatest productivitiy, less stress, depression, and anxiety
psychosocially healthy people
feel good about themselves, comfortable withothers, control tension and anxiety, meet demands of life, curb hate and guilt, maintain positive outlook
how can i build self esteem
pay attention to your own needs, take care of yourself, do things you enjoy, do something you've put off, give rewards, spend time with people
psychosocially personality traits
extroversion, agreeability, emotional stability, openess to experience, conscientiousness
self esteem
sense of self respect or self confidence
self efficacy
persons beliefs about whether he or she can successfully engage in and execute specific behavior
dimensions of psychological health
self esteem, pursuit of happiness, getting out of a mad mood
sleep apnea
breathing
insomnia
trouble falling or staying asleep
suicide
second leading cause of death in college students
prevention for suicide
talk to a friend, ask if theyve considered it, offer solutions or alternatives
compassionate, passionate
2 kinds of love
compassionate
secure, trusting attachment- family and friends
passionate
high arounsal, ecstasy of being loved, agony of rejection
elements of a healthy relationship
trust, history together, friendship
ingredience for true love
intimacy, passion, commitment
competitive/combative listening
all about us
passionate/attentive listening
sincere, no feedback
active/reflective listening
feedback
how to express difficult feelings
be specific, degree of feelings, what you dont like and why, take responsibilty
good communication
leveling, editing, documenting, validating
leveling
clear, simple, honest message
editing
censoring comments
documenting
specific examples
validating
respect others thoughts and feelings
behavioral interdependence
daily activities intertwine
need fulfillment
intimacy, assistance, affirmation
emotional attachment
love
emotional availability
give/recieve without fear of rejection
accountability
both responsible for decisions and actions
self nurturance
balance of sleep, eating, exercises, working, relaxing, and socializing