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Jamestown and Plymouth Colonies 2
Terms in this set (33)
New England Colonists
They came in family groups and intended to establish colonies according to Protestant principles
A refuge for Catholics who were subject to persecution in England
Colony founded as a business venture which succeeded by participating in tobacco trade
House of Burgesses
The first law making assembly in the thirteen American colonies organized at Jamestown in 1619. The house included a governor and elected representatives (Burgesses) from eleven plantations.
James the First (1566-1625)
A firm believer in the divine right of kings and enemy of Puritans and Pilgrims. His laws on religion made the Pilgrims leave England.
an economic system based on the premise that national wealth and power were best served by increasing exports and collecting raw materials from occupied regions, such as colonies
A group of people elected to make laws.
The ship that carried the Pilgrims to New England in the autumn of 1620
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the government
People who colonized for the purpose of religious freedom
The first successful English Colony in New England, founded in 1620.
Daughter of a Native American chief. She married John Rolfe, and saved the life of Captain John Smith.
People who wanted to "purify" the Church of England by having very plain religious services and buildings and by having stricter rules. .
John Rolfe (1585-1622)
By introducing tobacco he brought prosperity to the colonists of Virginia.
Massachusetts Bay Company
provided a royal charter to the Puritans to establish a colony
Puritans who believed that only by separating from the Church of England was it possible to find true religious freedom
Captain John Smith (1580-1631)
vital to the survival of Jamestown in its early years. "He that will not work shall not eat."
The English-speaking Native American who showed the Plymouth colonists how to plant corn, hunt for game, find fish, and locate paths through the wilderness.
Official document giving a person or group permission to own land/create a colony
Leader of the Powhatan people
crop grown for profit
People who agreed to work for someone for a certain amount of time in exchange for the cost of the ocean voyage to North America.
America's largest export for over a century, influenced development of plantation system, cash crop that saved Jamestown
An agreement to submit to majority rule and create a democratic form of government
First permanent English settlement in North America
Characteristics of New England Colonies
low mortality rate, large families, staple crops on small farms, government and religion mixed
found guilty of preaching against Puritan ideals and was exiled- helped to establish a new colony based on religious freedom in Rhode Island
Rebelled against the Puritan church and banned from Massachusetts Bay, supporter of religious tolerance in New York colony
a commercial agreement that allows investors to pool their resources in order to fund the development of a colony
Salem Witch Trials
The most dramatic episode of witch-hunting in 1692. Several girls who had experienced strange seizures accused neighbors of bewitching them. When judges at the accused witches' trials allowed the use of "spectral" evidence — visions of evil beings and marks seen only by the girls — the accusations spun out of control.
Factors that led to failure of Jamestown
Disease, conflict with Natives, lack of food, starving time, harsh winter
Ways tobacco contributed to success Jamestown
wealth/trade, increased settlement and population, expanded land ownership and development
Nathaniel Bacon was frustrated with Governor Berkeley because
he did not protect colony from Natives when needed, Bacon was misusing money paid by colonists in taxes
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