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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
Exploration & US Colonization 2
Terms in this set (36)
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
New England Colonies
Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire
Delaware, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
a readily salable crop that is grown and gathered for the market (as vegetables or cotton or tobacco)
Main Cash Crop of the Middle Colonies
Corn & Wheat
Main Cash Crop of the Southern Colonies
Tobacco & Rice
Major Industry of the New England Colonies
Whaling, fishing, selling fur, shipbuilding and trading
The Great Awakening
This was a major religious revival in the colonies, which began in the 1730's with its leader being Jonathan Edwards.
1st Colony Established
Jamestown, Virginia, 1607
Last Colony Established
Role of Plantation Owners
supervise the activities of the plantation, along with hosting a banquet or party.
stealing, sleeping, slow work, sabotage, run away, revolt.
the trading system between the Americas, England and Africa; Africa would give slaves and rum to the Americas, including the West Indies; America would offer timber, tobacco, fish, and flour; England would mainly process and ship back
A system of enforced servitude in which some people are owned by other people.
Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
Salem Witch Trials
1629 outbreak of witchcraft accusations in a Massachussetts Bay Puritan village marked by an atmosphere of fear, hysteria and stress. Spectal evidence was used frequently.
Characteristics of The Northern Colonies
1. Diverse Economy
2. Based on trade and shipping
3. Small, independent farms
4. Public land areas/more towns developed
Charcteristics of The Southern Colonies
1. Agricultural Economy
2. Plantation ownders dominated society - most people were small farmers
3. Growing Slave Population
an uprising in 1676 - 1677 against American Indians and the colonial government in the Virginia Colony over taking reprisal action for alleged thefts by the Native Americans. It was led by Nathaniel Bacon, a wealthy 29-year-old planter, in opposition to the Governor of Virginia, Sir William Berkeley. Bacon's Rebellion was the first rebellion in the American colonies.
Puritans vs Roger Williams
he believed that the Native Americans owned the land and if English settlers wanted that land they needed to purchase it. -- created the colony of Providence, Rhode Island.
Puritans vs. Anne Hutchinson
she believed that you did not need to go to church to interpret the Bible - each individual could do this; sparked controversy with Puritan leaders for a variety of reasons -- going against authority, the fact that she was a woman. Puritan leaders banished her to Providence, Rhode Island.
Puritans vs. Native Americans (Pequot War)
Europeans vs Natives over land treaties; particularly the fur trade.
Puritans vs. Native Americans (King Philips War)
Series of battles in New England between natives and colonial/British troops over abuse of power and different laws;
was the last attempt by Native Americans to drive Europeans out of Southern New England
1620; The second permanent English colony in North America; Colony in New England founded by "Separatists" who wanted to avoid religious persecution
Massachusetts Bay Colony
1630; Strict Puritan; started by John Winthrop; plenty of people with diverse talents;
colony whose government sought to enforce God's law on believers and unbelievers alike -- obtained economic prosperity
First permanent English settlement in America. It was founded in 1607 fir the purpose of finding gold. Gold was never found, however. Jamestown became successful because of their cash crop, tobacco.
House of Burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legislative acts.
a group in which men as a group dominate women as a group; authority is vested in males
Reasons for exploration
Include increase wealth (gold), expand empire (glory) and spread Christianity (God).
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Reasons for colonization
1) find gold or wealth 2) trade for furs or other products 3) religious freedom 4) fresh start 5) adventure
1620 - The first agreement for self-government by majority rule in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
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Map of the colonies
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