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Terms in this set (90)
New England Colonists
They came in family groups and intended to establish colonies according to Protestant principles
A group of people in one place who are ruled by a parent country elsewhere.
Massachusetts/ MA Bay Colony
A refuge for Catholics who were subject to persecution in England
New England Colonies
Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, New Hampshire
Colony founded as a business venture which succeeded by participating in tobacco trade
Delaware, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia
House of Burgesses
The first law making assembly in the thirteen American colonies organized at Jamestown in 1619. The house included a governor and elected representatives (Burgesses) from eleven plantations.
James the First (1566-1625)
His laws on religion made the Pilgrims leave England.
a readily salable crop that is grown and gathered for the market (as vegetables or cotton or tobacco)
an economic system based on the premise that national wealth and power were best served by increasing exports and collecting raw materials from occupied regions, such as colonies
Main Cash Crop of the Middle Colonies
Main Cash Crop of the Southern Colonies
Tobacco & Rice
A group of people elected to make laws.
The ship that carried the Pilgrims to New England in the autumn of 1620
Major Industry of the New England Colonies
Whaling, fishing, selling fur, shipbuilding and trading
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the government
The Great Awakening
This was a major religious revival in the colonies, which began in the 1730's with its leader being Jonathan Edwards.
People who colonized for the purpose of religious freedom
1st Colony Established
Jamestown, Virginia, 1607
Last Colony Established
The first successful English Colony in New England, founded in 1620.
Daughter of a Native American chief. She married John Rolfe, and saved the life of Captain John Smith.
Role of Plantation Owners
supervise the activities of the plantation, along with hosting a banquet or party.
People who wanted to "purify" the Church of England by having very plain religious services and buildings and by having stricter rules. .
stealing, sleeping, slow work, sabotage, run away, revolt.
John Rolfe (1585-1622)
By introducing tobacco he brought prosperity to the colonists of Virginia.
the trading system between the Americas, England and Africa; Africa would give slaves and rum to the Americas, including the West Indies; America would offer timber, tobacco, fish, and flour; England would mainly process and ship back
Massachusetts Bay Company
provided a royal charter to the Puritans to establish a colony
A system of enforced servitude in which some people are owned by other people.
Puritans who believed that only by separating from the Church of England was it possible to find true religious freedom
Colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
Captain John Smith (1580-1631)
vital to the survival of Jamestown in its early years. "He that will not work shall not eat."
Salem Witch Trials
1629 outbreak of witchcraft accusations in a Massachussetts Bay Puritan village marked by an atmosphere of fear, hysteria and stress. Spectal evidence was used frequently.
The English-speaking Native American who showed the Plymouth colonists how to plant corn, hunt for game, find fish, and locate paths through the wilderness.
Characteristics of The Northern Colonies
1. Diverse Economy
2. Based on trade and shipping
3. Small, independent farms
4. Public land areas/more towns developed
Official document giving a person or group permission to own land/create a colony
Charcteristics of The Southern Colonies
1. Agricultural Economy
2. Plantation ownders dominated society - most people were small farmers
3. Growing Slave Population
Leader of the Powhatan people
an uprising in 1676 - 1677 against American Indians and the colonial government in the Virginia Colony over taking reprisal action for alleged thefts by the Native Americans. It was led by Nathaniel Bacon, a wealthy 29-year-old planter, in opposition to the Governor of Virginia, Sir William Berkeley. Bacon's Rebellion was the first rebellion in the American colonies.
crop grown for profit
Puritans vs Roger Williams
he believed that the Native Americans owned the land and if English settlers wanted that land they needed to purchase it. -- banished and then created the colony of Providence, Rhode Island.
People who agreed to work for someone for a certain amount of time in exchange for the cost of the ocean voyage to North America.
Puritans vs. Anne Hutchinson
she believed that you did not need to go to church to interpret the Bible - each individual could do this; sparked controversy with Puritan leaders for a variety of reasons -- going against authority, the fact that she was a woman. Puritan leaders banished her to Providence, Rhode Island.
America's largest export for over a century, influenced development of plantation system, cash crop that saved Jamestown
Puritans vs. Native Americans (Pequot War)
Europeans vs Natives over land treaties
An agreement to submit to majority rule, consent of the governed, a social contract and create a democratic form of government
Puritans vs. Native Americans (King Philips War)
Series of battles in New England between natives and colonial/British troops over abuse of power and different laws;
was the last attempt by Native Americans to drive Europeans out of Southern New England
1620; The second permanent English colony in North America; Colony in New England founded by "Separatists" who wanted to avoid religious persecution
Characteristics of New England Colonies
low mortality rate, large families, staple crops on small farms, government and religion mixed
Massachusetts Bay Colony
1630; Strict Puritan; started by John Winthrop; plenty of people with diverse talents;
colony whose government sought to enforce God's law on believers and unbelievers alike -- obtained economic prosperity
found guilty of preaching against Puritan ideals and was exiled- helped to establish a new colony based on religious freedom in Rhode Island
First permanent English settlement in America. It was founded in 1607 fir the purpose of finding gold. Gold was never found, however. Jamestown became successful because of their cash crop, tobacco.
Rebelled against the Puritan church and banned from Massachusetts Bay, supporter of religious tolerance in New York colony
House of Burgesses
the first elected legislative assembly in the New World established in the Colony of Virginia in 1619, representative colony set up by England to make laws and levy taxes but England could veto its legislative acts.
a commercial agreement that allows investors to pool their resources in order to fund the development of a colony
a group in which men as a group dominate women as a group; authority is vested in males- impacted property ownership and right to vote
Reasons for exploration
Include increase wealth (gold), expand empire (glory) and spread Christianity (God).
Factors that led to failure of Jamestown
Disease, conflict with Natives, lack of food, starving time, harsh winter
An economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Ways tobacco contributed to success Jamestown
wealth/trade, increased settlement and population, expanded land ownership and development
an economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit, rather than by the state.
Nathaniel Bacon was frustrated with Governor Berkeley because
he did not protect colony from Natives when needed, Bacon was misusing money paid by colonists in taxes
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
Reasons for colonization
1) find gold or wealth 2) trade for furs or other products 3) religious freedom 4) fresh start 5) adventure
1620 - The first agreement for self-government by majority rule in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Laws passed by the British to control colonial trade
the overthrow of King James II of England and William and Mary replaced him as the monarchs- differences of religious beliefs and conflicts with Parliament caused this
an English policy of relaxing the enforcement of regulations in its colonies in return for the colonies' continued economic loyalty
A voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
Religious revival in the American colonies of the eighteenth century during which a number of new Protestant churches were established.
a movement that emphasized science and reason as guides to help see the world more clearly and organize structure of government
Self-Government in the Colonies
1. House of Burgesses- Legislative bodies
2. Mayflower Compact
3. Meeting Houses- representative bodies (Quakers)
an economic system typical of colonial trade made up of extensive, European-owned, operated, and financed enterprises where single crops were produced by local or imported labor for a world market
essential to the transmission of new ideas, and both the Enlightenment and Pietism took shape in part through its growing influence; the thirteen colonies that united in declaring independence had thirty-seven newspapers among them. This world of print was essential to their ability to share grievances and join in common cause.
Limits on Women's Rights
Lacked voting and property ownership rights, unless they were widowed or inherited property
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