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56 terms

Unit 1: Pentateuch

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Hebrews
Christianity as faith rooted in history ("... in the past God spoke ... in these last days He has spoken by His Son ...")
Luke 24
Christianity as a redemptive faith ("repentance and forgiveness of sins shall be preached in my [Christ's] name to all nations")
I Corinthians 2
revelation of God brought by His Spirit
II Timothy 3
nature of Scripture as "God-breathed"
II Peter 1
nature of Scripture as coming "not by the prophets own interpretation but rather men spoke from God as carried by the Spirit"
John 1
another place where we see the idea of creation from nothing ("through Him all things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made ...")
Psalm 8
another place where we see the idea of "image of God" ("... You made him (man) a little lower than the angels and crowned him with all glory and honor ... putting everything under his feet ....")
Psalm 33
God creating by the power of His Word and His Spirit ("By the Word of the LORD, the heavens were made, by the breath of His mouth all their host.")
Romans 5
Adam and Christ parallel as two great covenant representatives of humanity
Galatians 4
idea of Christ as "seed of the woman"
Colossians 2
idea that Christ in the cross is bruised but also that in this bruising He crushes the "principalities and powers" opposed to God and His rule
John 8
Abraham looked forward to the coming of Jesus' day
Hebrews 11
through faith Abraham when tested was willing to sacrifice his "only" son (the son of the promise") because Abraham considered God faithful and so knew that God could even raise the dead
Exodus 20
Ten Commandments
Leviticus 16
Day of Atonement
Galatians 3
Law does not annul Abrahamic covenant
Hebrews 10
Law a "shadow" or "type" of the good things to come in Christ
direct correspondence (literal)
where you have the most word for word style (KJV)
dynamic equivalence
phrase by phrase; tend to talk in phrases in a language (NIV)
paraphrase
the loosest style; uses most interpretive choice; still seeking to translate phrase by phrase, just bringing in more interpretation (Living Bible, The Message)
context
the idea that there is a definite relationship with God given over time, and we read them; Biblical faith has a historic faith
narrative, law, prophecy, poetry, wisdom
genres of Old Testament
endurance, public, commitment
why written revelation is important
berith
"covenant"; arose from a Hittite background; a binding relationship between 2 parties
Genesis
In the Beginning
Exodus
These are the names
Leviticus
And He called
Numbers
In the wilderness
Deuteronomy
These are the words
bara
create (Gen. 1); only ever has God as the subject when used; implies ex nihilo
fiat
Latin; idea of divine will/call; God calling creation into being
yaser
create (Gen. 1 & 2); more intimate term; used of both humans and God (God's nearness/closeness to what He has made)
transcendent
God is above and beyond what He has made
immanent
God is close to what He has made; He's personal & relates
almighty
Godly power; all power
glory
God's weight, worthiness
grace
His unmerited love, kindness, mercy
holiness
set apart
righteous
perfection, utter purity; what God will declare on sinners by grace through faith
sovereign
His being the all-reigning King; the One Who is in control
common grace
God's goodness that He brings to all humans/creation despite their unworthiness (rain, sun, etc.); a grace that is there; a preserving grace
sacrament
an outward and visible sign and seal of an inward and invisible grace
Abraham
father of multitude
Isaac
he laughs
Ishmael
God has heard
Israel
he strives with God/God strives with him
grace
God's goodness and mercy shown to the undeserved in a saving way (redemption)
faith
the way in which a person, hearing the Word, receives redemption - trust
Moses
drawn out
Yahweh
God's covenant name; "I AM"; speaks of covenant presence and covenant blessing; LORD
El/Elohim
generic Hebrew term for God; plural is used of one true God denotes His majesty
Adonai
can be used for God or humans; honor, nobility; (can mean sir for humans); Lord
confirmation purpose of plagues
Israel will know He is the LORD; confirming message through Moses that the people are to leave Egypt
proclamation purpose of plagues
Egyptians will know He is the LORD; God alone is the one true God; did bring fruitfulness
redemptive significance of Passover
in initial..., people learn that provision of redemption is blood of the covenant, a substitutionary sacrifice
sacramental significance of Passover
sign and seal significance; repeat every year to remember that God brought them out of Egypt